How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Drug Discovery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Drug Discovery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M. Disease: Closing the door on HIV. Nature 528, S8-9 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
Malone, J. H. & Michalak, P. Physiological sex predicts hybrid sterility regardless of genotype. Science 319, 59 (2008).
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuthill, P. G., Monnier, J. D. & Danchi, W. C. A dusty torus around the luminous young star LkH alpha101. Nature 409, 1012–1014 (2001).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Jiang, H. et al. Fluorination of metal phthalocyanines: single-crystal growth, efficient N-channel organic field-effect transistors, and structure-property relationships. Sci. Rep. 4, 7573 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scanlan, E. A. Fundraising Consultants. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009).
An edited book
Singularities of Analytic Spaces. vol. 66 (Springer, 2011).
A chapter in an edited book
O’Rourke, M. F. Arteriosclerosis/Large Artery Disease. in Arterial Disorders: Definition, Clinical Manifestations, Mechanisms and Therapeutic Approaches (eds. Berbari, A. & Mancia, G.) 57–68 (Springer International Publishing, 2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Drug Discovery.

Blog post
Davis, J. Growing Up With A Dog Could Lower Risk Of Developing Asthma. IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Resolution Trust Corporation: Stronger Information Technology Leadership Needed. (1990).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clément, V. From Adaptation to Transformation: A Resilience Perspective on Organizational Responses to Ecological Adversity. (George Washington University, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Miners’ Hunger Strike. New York Times A12 (2004).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Drug Discovery
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Drug Discov.
ISSN (print)1474-1776
ISSN (online)1474-1784
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Drug Discovery

Other styles