How to format your references using the Clinical eHealth citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical eHealth. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Thinking ahead. Nature. 2003;423(6939):565.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poucet B, Sargolini F. Neuroscience. A trace of your place. Science. 2013;340(6128):35-36.
A journal article with 3 authors
Manoharan HC, Lutz CP, Eigler DM. Quantum mirages formed by coherent projection of electronic structure. Nature. 2000;403(6769):512-515.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Michel LS, Liberal V, Chatterjee A, et al. MAD2 haplo-insufficiency causes premature anaphase and chromosome instability in mammalian cells. Nature. 2001;409(6818):355-359.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chateigner D. Combined Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Ammari H. Mathematical and Statistical Methods for Multistatic Imaging. Vol 2098. (Garnier J, Jing W, Kang H, Lim M, Sølna K, Wang H, eds.). Springer International Publishing; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang L, Hu Y, Qiu D. The Study of Applying Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model to the Term Life Insurance. In: Wu D, ed. Quantitative Financial Risk Management. Springer; 2011:47-54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical eHealth.

Blog post
Fang J. Marmoset Babies Learn to Wait for Their Turn to Talk. IFLScience. Published May 9, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: FAA’s Advanced Automation System Contract. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pettengill JB. Elucidating the macro- and micro-evolutionary relationships of the federally listed endangered species Agalinis acuta (Orobanchaceae). Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski S. Make Everyone Take the SAT or ACT. And Make It Free. New York Times. July 14, 2017:BU3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical eHealth
ISSN (print)2588-9141

Other styles