How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guest, J. Ecology. How reefs respond to mass coral spawning. Science 320, 621–623 (2008).
A journal article with 2 authors
Mendelsohn, M. E. & Karas, R. H. Molecular and cellular basis of cardiovascular gender differences. Science 308, 1583–1587 (2005).
A journal article with 3 authors
Schaedler, T. A., Jacobsen, A. J. & Carter, W. B. Materials science. Toward lighter, stiffer materials. Science 341, 1181–1182 (2013).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Carilli, C. L. et al. A molecular Einstein ring: imaging a starburst disk surrounding a quasi-stellar object. Science 300, 773–775 (2003).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jelaska, D. Gears and Gear Drives. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2012).
An edited book
Resident’s Handbook of Medical Quality and Safety. (Springer International Publishing, 2016).
A chapter in an edited book
Marchal, C. General properties of three-body systems with Hill-type stability. in Chaotic Worlds: From Order to Disorder in Gravitational N-Body Dynamical Systems (eds. Steves, B. A., Maciejewski, A. J. & Hendry, M.) 103–128 (Springer Netherlands, 2006).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Cardiology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. The Oceans Are Losing Their Largest Species. IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Survey of Public Affairs Activities by the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. (1976).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bowles, A. The development of a standard of care for competency to stand trial evaluations. (Pepperdine University, 2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J. As E.U.’s Roster Swells, So Does Linguistic Burden. New York Times A7 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Cardiology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)1759-5002
ISSN (online)1759-5010
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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