How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nichols, C. G. KATP channels as molecular sensors of cellular metabolism. Nature 440, 470–476 (2006).
A journal article with 2 authors
Sedda, L. & Rogers, D. J. The influence of the wind in the Schmallenberg virus outbreak in Europe. Sci. Rep. 3, 3361 (2013).
A journal article with 3 authors
Plotkin, J. B., Dushoff, J. & Fraser, H. B. Detecting selection using a single genome sequence of M. tuberculosis and P. falciparum. Nature 428, 942–945 (2004).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Lu, P. J. et al. Gelation of particles with short-range attraction. Nature 453, 499–503 (2008).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perez, A. VoLTE and ViLTE. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016).
An edited book
Chesney, M. Environmental Finance and Investments. (Springer, 2016).
A chapter in an edited book
Halt, G. B., Fesnak, R., Donch, J. C. & Stiles, A. R. Copyrights. in Intellectual Property in Consumer Electronics, Software and Technology Startups (eds. Donch, J. C., Jr., Stiles, A. R. & Fesnak, R.) 53–60 (Springer, 2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Cardiology.

Blog post
Fang, J. Make Your Own Graphene With Just a Blender. IFLScience (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Rail Safety: Federal Railroad Administration Should Report on Risks to the Successful Implementation of Mandated Safety Technology. (2010).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tolley, C. B. The role of trust and care in the implementation of a social constructivist curriculum in physical education. (University of Maryland, College Park, 2009).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J. Cheers on a Soccer Field, Far From Las Vegas. New York Times A1 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Cardiology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)1759-5002
ISSN (online)1759-5010
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles