How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rusbridger, A. Scientists must speak up on fossil-fuel divestment. Nature 520, 265 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
Chang, F. & Peter, M. Cell biology. Formins set the record straight. Science 297, 531–532 (2002).
A journal article with 3 authors
Bloss, T. A., Witze, E. S. & Rothman, J. H. Suppression of CED-3-independent apoptosis by mitochondrial betaNAC in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature 424, 1066–1071 (2003).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Mills, E. M., Banks, M. L., Sprague, J. E. & Finkel, T. Pharmacology: uncoupling the agony from ecstasy. Nature 426, 403–404 (2003).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anichini, G., Carraro, F., Geslin, P. & Guille-Escuret, G. Technicity vs Scientificity. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017).
An edited book
Modelling and Management of Engineering Processes. (Springer, 2010).
A chapter in an edited book
Potiron, K., El Fallah Seghrouchni, A. & Taillibert, P. Fault Tolerance for MAS Specific Faults. in From Fault Classification to Fault Tolerance for Multi-Agent Systems (eds. El Fallah Seghrouchni, A. & Taillibert, P.) 37–57 (Springer, 2013).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Cardiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Are We Recycling Too Much Of Our Trash? IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Preliminary Observations on TSA’s Progress and Challenges in Meeting the Statutory Mandate for Screening Air Cargo on Passenger Aircraft. (2009).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greene, L. Perceptions Of Women Leaders In A Catholic Archdiocese: A Phenomenological Study. (Pepperdine University, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Packer, G. A Historian in Camelot. New York Times BR9 (2013).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Cardiology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)1759-5002
ISSN (online)1759-5010
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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