How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Millis, A. J. Physics. Gaps and our understanding. Science 314, 1888–1889 (2006).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Nesbit, J. & Norman, C. 2010 Visualization Challenge. Science 331, 847–856 (2011).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pearson, P. D., Moje, E. & Greenleaf, C. Literacy and science: each in the service of the other. Science 328, 459–463 (2010).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Zhang, X. et al. Phylogenetic and molecular characterization of chicken anemia virus in southern China from 2011 to 2012. Sci. Rep. 3, 3519 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Smith, C. L. Advanced Process Control. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010).
An edited book
1.
Safford-Ramus, K. The Troika of Adult Learners, Lifelong Learning, and Mathematics: Learning from Research, Current Paradoxes, Tensions and Promotional Strategies. (Springer International Publishing, 2016).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Fabian, M., Habala, P., Hájek, P., Montesinos, V. & Zizler, V. Structure of Banach Spaces. in Banach Space Theory: The Basis for Linear and Nonlinear Analysis (eds. Habala, P., Hájek, P., Montesinos, V. & Zizler, V.) 237–289 (Springer, 2011).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Cardiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, E. Weathermen Of Westeros: Does The Climate In Game Of Thrones Make Sense? IFLScience (2015). Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/weathermen-westeros-does-climate-game-thrones-make-sense/. (Accessed: 30th October 2018)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Space Transportation: Development of the Commercial Space Launch Industry Presents Safety Oversight Challenges for FAA and Raises Issues Affecting Federal Roles. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2009).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ross, T. A. The surgical technologist learning partnership: A comparison of factors in a preceptor relationship. (University of Phoenix, 2008).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Barron, J. Finally, From Italy, Washington In the Buff. New York Times A18 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Cardiology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)1759-5002
ISSN (online)1759-5010
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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