How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Eldakar, O. T. Journal club. An evolutionary biologist learns how to be remembered: cheat someone. Nature 460, 783 (2009).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Oppenheim, J. & Wehner, S. The uncertainty principle determines the nonlocality of quantum mechanics. Science 330, 1072–1074 (2010).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cui, G., Zhang, M. & Zou, G. Resonant tunneling modulation in quasi-2D Cu(2)O/SnO(2) p-n horizontal-multi-layer heterostructure for room temperature H(2)S sensor application. Sci. Rep. 3, 1250 (2013).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Dillin, A. et al. Rates of behavior and aging specified by mitochondrial function during development. Science 298, 2398–2401 (2002).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Aït-Kadi, D., Chouinard, M., Marcotte, S. & Riopel, D. Sustainable Reverse Logistics Network. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012).
An edited book
1.
The Handbook of Neuropsychiatric Biomarkers, Endophenotypes and Genes: Molecular Genetic and Genomic Markers. (Springer Netherlands, 2009).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Butler, J. L. & Sherman, C. H. Transducers as Projectors. in Transducers and Arrays for Underwater Sound (ed. Sherman, C. H.) 185–280 (Springer International Publishing, 2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Cancer.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, D. Watch This Stingray “Inhale” A Spider Crab. IFLScience https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/see-stingray-inhale-spider-crab/ (2015).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Education Should Provide Additional Guidance to Help States Smoothly Transition Children to Preschool. (2005).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
McIlwain, C. J. Defense Institutional Building - Integrating the Work. (University of Maryland, College Park, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky, S. Russian Local Elections Draw Charges of Fraud. New York Times A8 (2015).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Cancer
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Cancer
ISSN (print)1474-175X
ISSN (online)1474-1768
Scope

Other styles