How to format your references using the Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
May, R., 2001. Risk and uncertainty. Nature 411, 891.
A journal article with 2 authors
Furusawa, C., Kaneko, K., 2012. A dynamical-systems view of stem cell biology. Science 338, 215–217.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beerling, D.J., Osborne, C.P., Chaloner, W.G., 2001. Evolution of leaf-form in land plants linked to atmospheric CO2 decline in the Late Palaeozoic era. Nature 410, 352–354.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Baba, D., Maita, N., Jee, J.-G., Uchimura, Y., Saitoh, H., Sugasawa, K., Hanaoka, F., Tochio, H., Hiroaki, H., Shirakawa, M., 2005. Crystal structure of thymine DNA glycosylase conjugated to SUMO-1. Nature 435, 979–982.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Staudt, G., 2001. Experimentalphysik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Simpson, S.S., Weisburd, D. (Eds.), 2009. The Criminology of White-Collar Crime, 1st ed. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
El Bouzekri El Idrissi, Y., Ajhoun, R., Idrissi, M.A.J., 2010. Multicriteria-Based Decision for Services Discovery and Selection, in: Tsihrintzis, G.A., Damiani, E., Virvou, M., Howlett, R.J., Jain, L.C. (Eds.), Intelligent Interactive Multimedia Systems and Services, Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 41–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Calories Burnt By Teenagers Drops Suddenly During Puberty, And May Explain Increase In Obesity [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Access to Space: Issues Associated With DOD’s Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle Program (No. NSIAD-97-130). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mizokami, S.K., 2015. Fall risk factors among cane and walker users and non-users (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K., 2017. Trump Has Stocks Up. Some Funds Are Leery. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (May, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Furusawa and Kaneko, 2012; May, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Furusawa and Kaneko, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Baba et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleComparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A
AbbreviationComp. Biochem. Physiol. A Mol. Integr. Physiol.
ISSN (print)1095-6433
Molecular Biology

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