How to format your references using the Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adkins, J., 2001. Paleoclimate. Dating--vive la différence. Science 294, 1844–1845.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hawker, C.J., Wooley, K.L., 2005. The convergence of synthetic organic and polymer chemistries. Science 309, 1200–1205.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rozin, P., Haidt, J., Fincher, K., 2009. Psychology. From oral to moral. Science 323, 1179–1180.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bao, H., Campbell, D.A., Bockheim, J.G., Thiemens, M.H., 2000. Origins of sulphate in Antarctic dry-valley soils as deduced from anomalous 17O compositions. Nature 407, 499–502.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Langton, R., 2006. Stability and Control of Aircraft Systems. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, England.
An edited book
Gellert, U., Giménez Rodríguez, J., Hahn, C., Kafoussi, S. (Eds.), 2015. Educational Paths to Mathematics: A C.I.E.A.E.M. Sourcebook, Advances in Mathematics Education. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Wessels, H., 2011. Statistics in the South African School Curriculum, in: Batanero, C., Burrill, G., Reading, C. (Eds.), Teaching Statistics in School Mathematics-Challenges for Teaching and Teacher Education: A Joint ICMI/IASE Study: The 18th ICMI Study, New ICMI Study Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 21–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The Scariest Part Of Climate Change Isn’t What We Know, But What We Don’t [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Department of Education Grant Award (No. HRD-93-8R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, B.A., 2012. “Parable-art” beyond the Auden generation: An examination of the message-bearing aspects and architecture of two twenty-first-century works for chorus and chamber orchestra (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2007. Supreme Court Turns Down Cases on Religious Separation. New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adkins, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Adkins, 2001; Hawker and Wooley, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hawker and Wooley, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Bao et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleComparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A
AbbreviationComp. Biochem. Physiol. A Mol. Integr. Physiol.
ISSN (print)1095-6433
Molecular Biology

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