How to format your references using the Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brockie, B., 2001. GM cows face slaughter in multiple sclerosis experiment. Nature 411, 402.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stebbins, C.E., Galán, J.E., 2001. Structural mimicry in bacterial virulence. Nature 412, 701–705.
A journal article with 3 authors
Serabyn, E., Mawet, D., Burruss, R., 2010. An image of an exoplanet separated by two diffraction beamwidths from a star. Nature 464, 1018–1020.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ahuja, G., Bozorg Nia, S., Zapilko, V., Shiriagin, V., Kowatschew, D., Oka, Y., Korsching, S.I., 2014. Kappe neurons, a novel population of olfactory sensory neurons. Sci. Rep. 4, 4037.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lane, D., 2011. The Chief Information Officer’s Body of Knowledge. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jajodia, S., Mazumdar, C. (Eds.), 2005. Information Systems Security: First International Conference, ICISS 2005, Kolkata, India, December 19-21, 2005. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Cancelliere, A., Mauro, G.D., Bonaccorso, B., Rossi, G., 2007. Stochastic Forecasting of Drought Indices, in: Rossi, Giuseppe, Vega, T., Bonaccorso, Brunella (Eds.), Methods and Tools for Drought Analysis and Management, Water Science and Technology Library. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 83–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. New Study Reveals The History Of Cats’ Global Empire [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Space Operations: Testing of NASA’s Technical and Management Information System (No. IMTEC-88-28). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lopez, D.E., 2009. Understanding and responding to culturally based spiritual phenomena among Latino clinicians (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. Win Doesn’t Quiet Talk Over a Suspicious Loss. New York Times SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brockie, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Brockie, 2001; Stebbins and Galán, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stebbins and Galán, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Ahuja et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleComparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A
AbbreviationComp. Biochem. Physiol. A Mol. Integr. Physiol.
ISSN (print)1095-6433
Molecular Biology

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