How to format your references using the Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edwards, P.P., 2011. Chemistry. Electrons in cement. Science 333, 49–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oliveira, J.G., Barabási, A.-L., 2005. Human dynamics: Darwin and Einstein correspondence patterns. Nature 437, 1251.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baluska, F., Volkmann, D., Barlow, P.W., 2004. Cell bodies in a cage. Nature 428, 371.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Basu, U., Chaudhuri, J., Alpert, C., Dutt, S., Ranganath, S., Li, G., Schrum, J.P., Manis, J.P., Alt, F.W., 2005. The AID antibody diversification enzyme is regulated by protein kinase A phosphorylation. Nature 438, 508–511.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yevick, D., Yevick, H., 2014. Fundamental Math and Physics for Scientists and Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nicolini, P., Kaminski, M., Mureika, J., Bleicher, M. (Eds.), 2016. 1st Karl Schwarzschild Meeting on Gravitational Physics, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Springer Proceedings in Physics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Srinivasan, S., Saghir, M.Z., 2013. Application of Algebraic Correlations to Study Thermodiffusion, in: Saghir, M.Z. (Ed.), Thermodiffusion in Multicomponent Mixtures: Thermodynamic, Algebraic, and Neuro-Computing Models, SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 77–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Juno Is About To Peer Under The Clouds Of Jupiter [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Space Shuttle: Need to Sustain Launch Risk Assessment Process Improvements (No. NSIAD-96-73). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simon, J.T., 2017. Classification of Mechanical and Electrical Response of High Performance Fiber Reinforced-Geopolymer Composites (HPFR-GPC) (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E., 1997. Whose Hat? New York Times 93.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Edwards, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Edwards, 2011; Oliveira and Barabási, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oliveira and Barabási, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Basu et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleComparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A
AbbreviationComp. Biochem. Physiol. A Mol. Integr. Physiol.
ISSN (print)1095-6433
Molecular Biology

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