How to format your references using the Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service, R.F., 2008. Problem solved* (*sort of). Science 321, 784–786.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kriaucionis, S., Heintz, N., 2009. The nuclear DNA base 5-hydroxymethylcytosine is present in Purkinje neurons and the brain. Science 324, 929–930.
A journal article with 3 authors
Persha, L., Agrawal, A., Chhatre, A., 2011. Social and ecological synergy: local rulemaking, forest livelihoods, and biodiversity conservation. Science 331, 1606–1608.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pryer, K.M., Schneider, H., Smith, A.R., Cranfill, R., Wolf, P.G., Hunt, J.S., Sipes, S.D., 2001. Horsetails and ferns are a monophyletic group and the closest living relatives to seed plants. Nature 409, 618–622.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bourlès, H., 2013. Linear Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Deb, S. (Ed.), 2016. Child Safety, Welfare and Well-being: Issues and Challenges. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Mac Innis, K.A., 2005. The Canadian SSOP Fund and Environmental Damage Assessment (EDA) in Canada, in: Maes, F. (Ed.), Marine Resource Damage Assessment: Liability and Compensation for Environmental Damage. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 67–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. Dawn Spacecraft Denied Exciting Mission To Explore A New Body In The Asteroid Belt [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. School Meal Programs: Improved Reviews, Federal Guidance, and Data Collection Needed to Address Counting and Claiming Errors (No. GAO-09-814). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fountain, J.M., 2014. Differences in Generational Work Values in America and Their Implications for Educational Leadership: A Longitudinal Test of Twenge’s Model (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B., 2017. Tax Cuts for Everybody, and Responsibility for Nobody. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Service, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kriaucionis and Heintz, 2009; Service, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kriaucionis and Heintz, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Pryer et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleComparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A
AbbreviationComp. Biochem. Physiol. A Mol. Integr. Physiol.
ISSN (print)1095-6433
Molecular Biology

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