How to format your references using the Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chatenoud, L., 2014. Immunology. Teaching the immune system “self” respect and tolerance. Science 344, 1343–1344.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kelemen, P.B., Hirth, G., 2007. A periodic shear-heating mechanism for intermediate-depth earthquakes in the mantle. Nature 446, 787–790.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gladyshev, E.A., Meselson, M., Arkhipova, I.R., 2008. Massive horizontal gene transfer in bdelloid rotifers. Science 320, 1210–1213.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tsuno, S., Wang, X., Shomori, K., Hasegawa, J., Miura, N., 2014. Hsa-miR-520d induces hepatoma cells to form normal liver tissues via a stemness-mediated process. Sci. Rep. 4, 3852.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liebhart, R., Chandramouli, D., Wong, C., Merkel, J., 2015. LTE for Public Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Yakovyna, V., Mayr, H.C., Nikitchenko, M., Zholtkevych, G., Spivakovsky, A., Batsakis, S. (Eds.), 2016. Information and Communication Technologies in Education, Research, and Industrial Applications: 11th International Conference, ICTERI 2015, Lviv, Ukraine, May 14-16, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Benci, V., Grisanti, C.R., Micheletti, A.M., 2006. Existence of Solutions for the Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation with V (∞) = 0, in: Cazenave, T., Costa, D., Lopes, O., Manásevich, R., Rabinowitz, P., Ruf, B., Tomei, C. (Eds.), Contributions to Nonlinear Analysis: A Tribute to D.G. de Figueiredo on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday, Progress in Nonlinear Differential Equations and Their Applications. Birkhäuser, Basel, pp. 53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Could Calcite Be Used For Geoengineering? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Assigning Air Traffic Control Costs to Users: Elements of FAA’s Methodology Are Generally Consistent with Standards but Certain Assumptions and Methods Need Additional Support (No. GAO-08-76). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stangl, B.L., 2010. The mediation of cognitive task performance in post-menopausal women: An examination of the effects of DHEA upon cognition (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ruiz, R.R., Schmidt, M.S., 2017. Sessions Steers Clear of Trump’s ‘Joke’ on the Use of Force by the Police. New York Times A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chatenoud, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Chatenoud, 2014; Kelemen and Hirth, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kelemen and Hirth, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Tsuno et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleComparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A
AbbreviationComp. Biochem. Physiol. A Mol. Integr. Physiol.
ISSN (print)1095-6433
Molecular Biology

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