How to format your references using the Natural Hazards Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Natural Hazards Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon, J. 2008. “The Gonzo Scientist. Flunking Spore.” Science, 322 (5901): 531.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sykora, S., and K. W. Becker. 2013. “Heavy fermion properties of the Kondo Lattice model.” Sci. Rep., 3: 2691.
A journal article with 3 authors
Armstrong, A. A., F. Mohideen, and C. D. Lima. 2012. “Recognition of SUMO-modified PCNA requires tandem receptor motifs in Srs2.” Nature, 483 (7387): 59–63.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Slavin, J. A., B. J. Anderson, D. N. Baker, M. Benna, S. A. Boardsen, G. Gloeckler, R. E. Gold, G. C. Ho, H. Korth, S. M. Krimigis, R. L. McNutt Jr, L. R. Nittler, J. M. Raines, M. Sarantos, D. Schriver, S. C. Solomon, R. D. Starr, P. M. Trávnícek, and T. H. Zurbuchen. 2010. “MESSENGER observations of extreme loading and unloading of Mercury’s magnetic tail.” Science, 329 (5992): 665–668.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sauter, M. 2013. 3G, 4G and Beyond-Bringing Networks, Devices and the Web Together. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gessani, S., and F. Belardelli (Eds.). 2007. The Biology of Dendritic Cells and HIV Infection. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Gamble, A., C. Carneiro, and R. A. Barazi. 2013. “Introduction to the Ruby Language.” Beginning Rails 4, C. Carneiro and R. A. Barazi, eds., 45–59. Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Natural Hazards Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. “Brain-Eating Amoeba Kicks Off Fatal Immune Response.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Customs Automation: Effectiveness of Entry Summary Selectivity System Is Unknown. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robertson, B. 2012. “Forging a New World Nationalism: Ancient Mexico in United States art and visual culture, 1933–1945.” Doctoral dissertation. College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J. 2017. “Students, Cities and States Take the Global Warming Fight to Court.” New York Times, August 10, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bohannon 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bohannon 2008; Sykora and Becker 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sykora and Becker 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Slavin et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleNatural Hazards Review
AbbreviationNat. Hazards Rev.
ISSN (print)1527-6988
ISSN (online)1527-6996
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
General Environmental Science
General Social Sciences

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