How to format your references using the Natural Hazards Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Natural Hazards Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hayashi, T. 2006. “Microbiology. Breaking the barrier between commensalism and pathogenicity.” Science, 313 (5788): 772–773.
A journal article with 2 authors
Egbert, G. D., and R. D. Ray. 2000. “Significant dissipation of tidal energy in the deep ocean inferred from satellite altimeter data.” Nature, 405 (6788): 775–778.
A journal article with 3 authors
West-Eberhard, M. J., J. A. C. Smith, and K. Winter. 2011. “Plant science. Photosynthesis, reorganized.” Science, 332 (6027): 311–312.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, C., X. Wei, J. W. Kysar, and J. Hone. 2008. “Measurement of the elastic properties and intrinsic strength of monolayer graphene.” Science, 321 (5887): 385–388.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ananthakrishnan, A. N., R. J. Xavier, and D. K. Podolsky. 2017. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Courbage, C. (Ed.). 2016. The Geneva Papers: 40 Years at the Cutting Edge of Research in Insurance Economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Fortunato, H., P. Schäfer, and H. Blaschek. 2013. “Growth Rates, Age Determination, and Calcification Levels in Flustra foliacea (L.) (Bryozoa: Cheilostomata): Preliminary Assessment.” Bryozoan Studies 2010, Lecture Notes in Earth System Sciences, A. Ernst, P. Schäfer, and J. Scholz, eds., 59–74. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Natural Hazards Review.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. 2017. “9 High-Paying, Entry-Level Jobs Companies Are Hiring For Like Crazy Right Now.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1971. Computer Simulations, War Gaming, and Contract Studies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nevin, M. J. 2017. “Addressing the Learning Outcomes and Assessment Methods Associated with Participation in Student Government Associations: A Qualitative Study of California Community Colleges.” Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Slivka, K. 2012. “First Half of Year Hottest On Record.” New York Times, July 10, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hayashi 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Egbert and Ray 2000; Hayashi 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Egbert and Ray 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleNatural Hazards Review
AbbreviationNat. Hazards Rev.
ISSN (print)1527-6988
ISSN (online)1527-6996
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
General Environmental Science
General Social Sciences

Other styles