How to format your references using the Natural Hazards Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Natural Hazards Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Malakoff, D. (2000). “NUCLEAR ESPIONAGE: Report Details Spying on Touring Scientists.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 288(5475), 2300–2301.
A journal article with 2 authors
Luksza, M., and Lässig, M. (2014). “A predictive fitness model for influenza.” Nature, 507(7490), 57–61.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barber, V. A., Juday, G. P., and Finney, B. P. (2000). “Reduced growth of Alaskan white spruce in the twentieth century from temperature-induced drought stress.” Nature, 405(6787), 668–673.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou, Y., Castonguay, P., Sidhom, E.-H., Clark, A. R., Dvela-Levitt, M., Kim, S., Sieber, J., Wieder, N., Jung, J. Y., Andreeva, S., Reichardt, J., Dubois, F., Hoffmann, S. C., Basgen, J. M., Montesinos, M. S., Weins, A., Johnson, A. C., Lander, E. S., Garrett, M. R., Hopkins, C. R., and Greka, A. (2017). “A small-molecule inhibitor of TRPC5 ion channels suppresses progressive kidney disease in animal models.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 358(6368), 1332–1336.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor, D. (2009). God, Evil, and Design. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Guyot, V. (Ed.). (2013). Advanced Infocomm Technology: 5th IEEE International Conference, ICAIT 2012, Paris, France, July 25-27, 2012. Revised Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bezzazi, E. H. (2009). “Counterfactuals and Hybrid Reasoning in an Ontolog.” Information Systems Development: Challenges in Practice, Theory, and Education Volume 2, C. Barry, M. Lang, W. Wojtkowski, K. Conboy, and G. Wojtkowski, eds., Springer US, Boston, MA, 651–662.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Natural Hazards Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). “How We Invented A Star Trek-Style Sonic Tractor Beam.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Information on EEO Discrimination Complaints. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Witvorapong, N. (2011). “The Dynamics of Living Arrangements Among the Elderly.” Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002). “Fight Heats Up Again Over Grassy Bed of Rails.” New York Times, 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Malakoff 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Luksza and Lässig 2014; Malakoff 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Luksza and Lässig 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al. 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleNatural Hazards Review
AbbreviationNat. Hazards Rev.
ISSN (print)1527-6988
ISSN (online)1527-6996
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
General Environmental Science
General Social Sciences

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