How to format your references using the Natural Hazards Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Natural Hazards Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis, J. (2000). “2001 BUDGET: Spending Bills Show No Sign of Surplus--Yet.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5476), 31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pisharody, S. N., and Jones, R. R. (2004). “Probing two-electron dynamics of an atom.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5659), 813–815.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grantab, R., Shenoy, V. B., and Ruoff, R. S. (2010). “Anomalous strength characteristics of tilt grain boundaries in graphene.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6006), 946–948.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Meyer, M. R., Fredette, N. C., Howard, T. A., Hu, C., Ramesh, C., Daniel, C., Amann, K., Arterburn, J. B., Barton, M., and Prossnitz, E. R. (2014). “G protein-coupled estrogen receptor protects from atherosclerosis.” Scientific reports, 4, 7564.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin, E., Nel, D., and Ólafsson, S. (2014). Problems and Solutions in Mathematical Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Andersson, Å. E., Pettersson, L., and Strömquist, U. (Eds.). (2007). European Metropolitan Housing Markets. Advances in Spatial Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Aggelis, D. G. (2016). “Acoustic Emission Analysis for NDE in Concrete.” Innovative AE and NDT Techniques for On-Site Measurement of Concrete and Masonry Structures: State-of-the-Art Report of the RILEM Technical Committee 239-MCM, RILEM State-of-the-Art Reports, M. Ohtsu, ed., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 69–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Natural Hazards Review.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). “How Do Cats Always Manage To Land On Their Feet?” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Federal Research: Small Business Innovation Research Shows Success but Can Be Strengthened. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Neilson, D. H. (2009). “Structured interactions and collective outcomes essays on production and finance.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pomfret, J. (2017). “Isolating China doesn’t work.” New York Times, 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mervis 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Mervis 2000; Pisharody and Jones 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pisharody and Jones 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Meyer et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNatural Hazards Review
AbbreviationNat. Hazards Rev.
ISSN (print)1527-6988
ISSN (online)1527-6996
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
General Environmental Science
General Social Sciences

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