How to format your references using the Nationalities Papers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nationalities Papers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cook-Deegan, Robert. 2012. “Patent Law. Law and Science Collide over Human Gene Patents.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 338 (6108): 745–747.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, Dongbo, and Alejandro Fernandez-Martinez. 2012. “Materials Science. Order from Disorder.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337 (6096): 812–813.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, Eric D., Mark S. Guyer, and National Human Genome Research Institute. 2011. “Charting a Course for Genomic Medicine from Base Pairs to Bedside.” Nature 470 (7333): 204–213.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wang, Lejin, Chun Fan, Sarah E. Topol, Eric J. Topol, and Qing Wang. 2003. “Mutation of MEF2A in an Inherited Disorder with Features of Coronary Artery Disease.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5650): 1578–1581.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Funk, Werner, Vera Dammann, Gerhild Donnevert, Sarah Ianelli, Eric Ianelli, and Ann Gray. 2006. Quality Assurance in Analytical Chemistry. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Klingelnberg, Jan, ed. 2016. Bevel Gear: Fundamentals and Applications. 1st ed. 2016. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ghosh, Sanjay, Anirudha Joshi, and Sanjay Tripathi. 2013. “Empirical Evaluation of Multimodal Input Interactions.” In Human Interface and the Management of Information. Information and Interaction Design: 15th International Conference, HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part I, edited by Sakae Yamamoto, 37–47. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nationalities Papers.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Bacteria On Shoes Could Help Forensic Teams Catch Suspects.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Financial Audit: District of Columbia Highway Trust Fund’s Fiscal Years 1998 and 1997 Financial Statements. AIMD-99-263. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hammarsten, Carl. 2015. “Decorated Heegaard Diagrams and Combinatorial Heegaard Floer Homology.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steel, Emily, and Michael S. Schmidt. 2017. “O’Reilly Settled Claim, Then Got a New Fox Deal.” New York Times, October 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cook-Deegan 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Cook-Deegan 2012; Wang and Fernandez-Martinez 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Fernandez-Martinez 2012)
  • Three authors: (Green, Guyer, and National Human Genome Research Institute 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wang et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleNationalities Papers
AbbreviationNatl. Pap.
ISSN (print)0090-5992
ISSN (online)1465-3923
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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