How to format your references using the Nationalities Papers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nationalities Papers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anderson, D. L. 2001. “Geophysics. Top-down Tectonics?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5537): 2016–2018.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rehren, Thilo, and Edgar B. Pusch. 2005. “Late Bronze Age Glass Production at Qantir-Piramesses, Egypt.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308 (5729): 1756–1758.
A journal article with 3 authors
Solanki, S. K., M. Schüssler, and M. Fligge. 2000. “Evolution of the Sun’s Large-Scale Magnetic Field since the Maunder Minimum.” Nature 408 (6811): 445–447.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Knox, Konstance, Donald Carrigan, Graham Simmons, Fernando Teque, Yanchen Zhou, John Hackett Jr, Xiaoxing Qiu, et al. 2011. “No Evidence of Murine-like Gammaretroviruses in CFS Patients Previously Identified as XMRV-Infected.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6038): 94–97.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barker, Philip, and Jeff Chang. 2013. Basic Family Therapy. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Maudet, Nicolas, Simon Parsons, and Iyad Rahwan, eds. 2007. Argumentation in Multi-Agent Systems: Third International Workshop, ArgMAS 2006 Hakodate, Japan, May 8, 2006 Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Vol. 4766. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Greenstone, Brian. 2009. “Brian Greenstone’s Jedi Master List for Game Optimization.” In IPhone Games Projects, edited by Joachim Bondo, Aaron Fothergill, Brian Greenstone, Olivier Hennessy, Mike Kasprzak, Mike Lee, Richard Zito, Matthew Aitken, and Clayton Kane, 99–127. Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nationalities Papers.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “The Leonid Meteor Shower Peaks Tonight.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. FAA Computer Security: Actions Needed to Address Critical Weaknesses That Jeopardize Aviation Operations. T-AIMD-00-330. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aiken, Juliet. 2009. “Virtually a Leader: Mitigating Process Losses through Shared Team States.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Coe, Alexis. 2017. “Presidential Biographies.” New York Times, February 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anderson 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson 2001; Rehren and Pusch 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rehren and Pusch 2005)
  • Three authors: (Solanki, Schüssler, and Fligge 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Knox et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleNationalities Papers
AbbreviationNatl. Pap.
ISSN (print)0090-5992
ISSN (online)1465-3923
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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