How to format your references using the Nationalities Papers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nationalities Papers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, E. 2002. “BSE in Human Tissues Fires Debate on Patient Disclosure.” Nature 419 (6905): 326.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kawasaki, Hiroaki, and Kazunari Taira. 2003. “Hes1 Is a Target of MicroRNA-23 during Retinoic-Acid-Induced Neuronal Differentiation of NT2 Cells.” Nature 423 (6942): 838–842.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rohani, Pejman, Xue Zhong, and Aaron A. King. 2010. “Contact Network Structure Explains the Changing Epidemiology of Pertussis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330 (6006): 982–985.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Xing, Mingyang, Fan Shen, Bocheng Qiu, and Jinlong Zhang. 2014. “Highly-Dispersed Boron-Doped Graphene Nanosheets Loaded with TiO2 Nanoparticles for Enhancing CO2 Photoreduction.” Scientific Reports 4 (September): 6341.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ytterdal, Trond, Yuhua Cheng, and Tor A. Fjeldly. 2003. Device Modeling for Analog and RF CMOS Circuit Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ziemba, Ewa, ed. 2016. Information Technology for Management: Federated Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems, ISM 2015 and AITM 2015, Lodz, Poland, September 2015, Revised Selected Papers. 1st ed. 2016. Vol. 243. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Heinrich, Bretislav. 2008. “Exchange Coupling in Magnetic Multilayers.” In Magnetic Heterostructures: Advances and Perspectives in Spinstructures and Spintransport, edited by Hartmut Zabel and Samuel D. Bader, 185–250. Springer Tracts in Modern Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nationalities Papers.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Amazonian Turtle Mothers ‘Talk’ To Their Offspring.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Direct Student Loans Could Save Money and Simplify Program Administration. T-HRD-92-8. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Whittle, Christina M. 2009. “The Genomic Distribution and Function of NFI and Histone Variant H2A.Z during Caenorhabditis Elegans Development.” Doctoral dissertation, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, James. 2016. “The New TV Reality: All Trump.” New York Times, December 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Check 2002; Kawasaki and Taira 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kawasaki and Taira 2003)
  • Three authors: (Rohani, Zhong, and King 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Xing et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNationalities Papers
AbbreviationNatl. Pap.
ISSN (print)0090-5992
ISSN (online)1465-3923
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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