How to format your references using the Nationalities Papers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nationalities Papers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leith, William. 2004. “Geology. Building for Earthquakes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5677): 1604.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ramirez Rozzi, Fernando V., and José Maria Bermudez De Castro. 2004. “Surprisingly Rapid Growth in Neanderthals.” Nature 428 (6986): 936–939.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alexander, R. B., R. A. Smith, and G. E. Schwarz. 2000. “Effect of Stream Channel Size on the Delivery of Nitrogen to the Gulf of Mexico.” Nature 403 (6771): 758–761.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hu, Jiong, Sarah Dziumbla, Jihong Lin, Sofia-Iris Bibli, Sven Zukunft, Julian de Mos, Khader Awwad, et al. 2017. “Inhibition of Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase Prevents Diabetic Retinopathy.” Nature 552 (7684): 248–252.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Candy, James V. 2005. Model-Based Signal Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Singh, Sameer, Maneesha Singh, Chid Apte, and Petra Perner, eds. 2005. Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis: Third International Conference on Advances in Pattern Recognition, ICAPR 2005, Bath, UK, August 22-25, 2005, Proceedings, Part II. Vol. 3687. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pertijs, Michiel A. P., and Johan H. Huijsing. 2006. “PRECISION CIRCUIT TECHNIQUES.” In PRECISION TEMPERATURE SENSORS IN CMOS TECHNOLOGY, edited by Johan H. Huijsing, 159–211. Analog Circuits and Signal Processing. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nationalities Papers.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Researchers Use LED Device To Remotely Control A Mouse.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Aviation Security: Management Challenges Remain for the Transportation Security Administration’s Secure Flight Program. GAO-06-864T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graber, Matthew E. 2013. “Best Practices in Enhancement Deals: Nonprofit and for Profit Theatrical Collaborations.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, James C., Jr. 2017. “Oakley Rejects Plea Bargain And Demands Day in Court.” New York Times, June 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leith 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Leith 2004; Ramirez Rozzi and Bermudez De Castro 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ramirez Rozzi and Bermudez De Castro 2004)
  • Three authors: (Alexander, Smith, and Schwarz 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hu et al. 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleNationalities Papers
AbbreviationNatl. Pap.
ISSN (print)0090-5992
ISSN (online)1465-3923
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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