How to format your references using the Nationalities Papers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nationalities Papers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
’t Hooft, Gerard. 2007. “The Making of the Standard Model.” Nature 448 (7151): 271–273.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, Zhong, and Haifan Lin. 2004. “Nanos Maintains Germline Stem Cell Self-Renewal by Preventing Differentiation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5666): 2016–2019.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spandler, C., H. St C. O’Neill, and V. S. Kamenetsky. 2007. “Survival Times of Anomalous Melt Inclusions from Element Diffusion in Olivine and Chromite.” Nature 447 (7142): 303–306.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Peppiatt, Claire M., Clare Howarth, Peter Mobbs, and David Attwell. 2006. “Bidirectional Control of CNS Capillary Diameter by Pericytes.” Nature 443 (7112): 700–704.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mattone, John, and Nick Vaidya. 2016. Cultural Transformations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Amaral, Alberto, Guy Neave, Christine Musselin, and Peter Maassen, eds. 2009. European Integration and the Governance of Higher Education and Research. Vol. 26. Higher Education Dynamics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Caldarini, Carla, Paola Catalano, Andrea Piccioli, Maria Silvia Spinelli, and Federica Zavaroni. 2015. “Joint Degenerative Pathologies.” In Bones: Orthopaedic Pathologies in Roman Imperial Age, edited by Valentina Gazzaniga and Paola Catalano, 83–101. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nationalities Papers.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “Geminid Meteor Shower Will Peak Tonight, But The Supermoon Might Outshine It.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1972. An Incident of Contamination of Livestock Feed and Certain Consumer Products. B-164031(2). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jaime, Anthony Andrew. 2017. “‘Cockroach Centuries’: The Cockroach Image as the Conduit for the Marginalized Beat Woman and Artist in Elise Cowen’s Cockroach Poetry.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. 2017. “Where the Curriculum Is Hair-Raising.” New York Times, August 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (’t Hooft 2007).
This sentence cites two references (’t Hooft 2007; Wang and Lin 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Lin 2004)
  • Three authors: (Spandler, O’Neill, and Kamenetsky 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Peppiatt et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleNationalities Papers
AbbreviationNatl. Pap.
ISSN (print)0090-5992
ISSN (online)1465-3923
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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