How to format your references using the Nationalities Papers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nationalities Papers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Isaacs, John T. 2013. “Cancer. Prostate Cancer Takes Nerve.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 341 (6142): 134–135.
A journal article with 2 authors
Katan, Martijn B., and Nicole M. de Roos. 2003. “Public Health. Toward Evidence-Based Health Claims for Foods.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5604): 206–207.
A journal article with 3 authors
Milo, Anat, Elizabeth N. Bess, and Matthew S. Sigman. 2014. “Interrogating Selectivity in Catalysis Using Molecular Vibrations.” Nature 507 (7491): 210–214.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kanemura, Hoshimi, Masahiro J. Go, Naoki Nishishita, Noriko Sakai, Hiroyuki Kamao, Yoji Sato, Masayo Takahashi, and Shin Kawamata. 2013. “Pigment Epithelium-Derived Factor Secreted from Retinal Pigment Epithelium Facilitates Apoptotic Cell Death of IPSC.” Scientific Reports 3: 2334.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Staudt, Günter. 2001. Experimentalphysik. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Bianchi, Matteo, and Alessandro Moscatelli, eds. 2016. Human and Robot Hands: Sensorimotor Synergies to Bridge the Gap Between Neuroscience and Robotics. 1st ed. 2016. Springer Series on Touch and Haptic Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sengupta, Binanda, and Abhijit Das. 2013. “SIMD-Based Implementations of Sieving in Integer-Factoring Algorithms.” In Security, Privacy, and Applied Cryptography Engineering: Third International Conference, SPACE 2013, Kharagpur, India, October 19-23, 2013. Proceedings, edited by Benedikt Gierlichs, Sylvain Guilley, and Debdeep Mukhopadhyay, 40–55. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nationalities Papers.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “Sex And Other Myths About Weight Loss.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. Followup Review of the National Science Foundation’s Conflict of Interest Resolution System for Short-Term Employees. RCED-84-35. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haneef, Nuzhat J. 2009. “A Synthesized Conceptual Framework for the Design of User Interfaces of Interactive Information Products.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, Michael R. 2017. “Trump Advisers Call for More Troops to Break Deadlock in Afghan War.” New York Times, May 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Isaacs 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Isaacs 2013; Katan and de Roos 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Katan and de Roos 2003)
  • Three authors: (Milo, Bess, and Sigman 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kanemura et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleNationalities Papers
AbbreviationNatl. Pap.
ISSN (print)0090-5992
ISSN (online)1465-3923
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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