How to format your references using the Current Transplantation Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Transplantation Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bourzac K. Diagnosis: Early warning system. Nature. 2014;513:S4-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Falkowski PG, Isozaki Y. Geology. The story of O2. Science. 2008;322:540–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Dean R, Bonsall MB, Pizzari T. Evolution. Aging and sexual conflict. Science. 2007;316:383–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yan H, Yang F, Pan D, Lin Y, Hohman JN, Solis-Ibarra D, et al. Sterically controlled mechanochemistry under hydrostatic pressure. Nature. 2018;554:505–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cox I, Gaudard MA, Stephens ML. Visual Six Sigma, Second Edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Bourg EL, Rattan SIS, editors. Mild Stress and Healthy Aging: Applying Hormesis in Aging Research and Interventions. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. O’Shea DJ. Access to Care. In: Loue S, editor. Mental Health Practitioner’s Guide to HIV/AIDS. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 69–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Transplantation Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Seven Sperm Whales Mysteriously Found Dead On Australian Beach [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Managing for Results: Observations on NASA’s Fiscal Year 1999 Performance Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Jun. Report No.: NSIAD-98-181.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Escamilla D. How performance following the implementation of a new structure affects employee engagement [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Paulson M. Soho Rep to Return. New York Times. 2017 Apr 25;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Transplantation Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Transplant. Rep.
ISSN (online)2196-3029

Other styles