How to format your references using the Nanotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nanotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Sutherland W J 2005 The best solution Nature 435 569
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kueh H Y and Mitchison T J 2009 Structural plasticity in actin and tubulin polymer dynamics Science 325 960–3
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Strauss E, Oszkinis G and Staniszewski R 2014 SEPP1 gene variants and abdominal aortic aneurysm: gene association in relation to metabolic risk factors and peripheral arterial disease coexistence Sci. Rep. 4 7061
A journal article with 99 or more authors
[1]
Yoshida H, Bando T, Mito T, Ohuchi H and Noji S 2014 An extended steepness model for leg-size determination based on Dachsous/Fat trans-dimer system Sci. Rep. 4 4335

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
El-Haik B and Roy D M 2005 Service Design for Six Sigma (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
[1]
Hatamura Y 2006 Decision-Making in Engineering Design: Theory and Practice (London: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Cahill J and Strawn N 2013 Algebraic Geometry and Finite Frames Finite Frames: Theory and Applications ed P G Casazza and G Kutyniok (Boston, MA: Birkhäuser) pp 141–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nanotechnology.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J 2015 Human Hands Are More Primitive Than Chimpanzees’ IFLScience

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office 2006 Information Technology: Agencies and OMB Should Strengthen Processes for Identifying and Overseeing High Risk Projects (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Stevenson C L 2008 Availability and seasonal use of diurnal roosts by Rafinesque’s big-eared bat and southeastern myotis in bottomland hardwoods of Mississippi Doctoral dissertation (Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly M 1993 Clinton Myth of Nonideological Politics Stumbles New York Times 126

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNanotechnology
AbbreviationNanotechnology
ISSN (print)0957-4484
ISSN (online)1361-6528
ScopeBioengineering
General Chemistry
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

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