How to format your references using the NanoImpact citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NanoImpact. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Norenzayan, A., 2011. Behavior. Explaining human behavioral diversity. Science 332, 1041–1042.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jasny, B.R., Zahn, L.M., 2011. Genome-sequencing anniversary. A celebration of the genome, part I. Science 331, 546.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, L., Spasojevic, S., Gurnis, M., 2008. Reconstructing Farallon plate subduction beneath North America back to the Late Cretaceous. Science 322, 934–938.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, Z., Deng, S.-S., Zang, Y., Gu, Z., He, X.-P., Chen, G.-R., Chen, K., James, T.D., Li, J., Long, Y.-T., 2013. Capturing intercellular sugar-mediated ligand-receptor recognitions via a simple yet highly biospecific interfacial system. Sci. Rep. 3, 2293.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sadati, N., Dumont, G.A., Hamed, K.A., Gruver, W.A., 2012. Hybrid Control and Motion Planning of Dynamical Legged Locomotion. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Thotahewa, K.M.S., 2014. Ultra Wideband Wireless Body Area Networks. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Sarbo, J.J., Farkas, J.I., van Breemen, A.J.J., 2011. Perception and cognition, in: Farkas, J.I., Breemen, A.J.J. van (Eds.), Knowledge in Formation: A Computational Theory of Interpretation, Cognitive Technologies. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 67–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NanoImpact.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Here’s Why Your Cat Is Such A Picky Eater [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Modernization Program (No. RCED-94-167FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yuan, S., 2008. Aberrations of anamorphic optical systems (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2014. Two Graphic Narratives, Inspired by the Fab Four. New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Norenzayan, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Jasny and Zahn, 2011; Norenzayan, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jasny and Zahn, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleNanoImpact
ISSN (print)2452-0748
ScopeSafety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Materials Science (miscellaneous)
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Safety Research

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