How to format your references using the Mycoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mycoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vanmaekelbergh, D. (2015). Materials science: Superlattice substitution. Nature, 524(7566), 418–419.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xavier, K. B., & Bassler, B. L. (2005). Interference with AI-2-mediated bacterial cell-cell communication. Nature, 437(7059), 750–753.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sugiyama, T., Suzuki, H., & Takahashi, T. (2014). Light-induced rapid Ca2+ response and MAPK phosphorylation in the cells heterologously expressing human OPN5. Scientific Reports, 4, 5352.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Goley, E. D., Ohkawa, T., Mancuso, J., Woodruff, J. B., D’Alessio, J. A., Cande, W. Z., Volkman, L. E., & Welch, M. D. (2006). Dynamic nuclear actin assembly by Arp2/3 complex and a baculovirus WASP-like protein. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5798), 464–467.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khouw, M. C., & Guthner, M. W. (2016). The Options Edge + Free Trial. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hodler, J., Schulthess, G. K. von, Kubik-Huch, R. A., & Zollikofer, C. L. (Eds.). (2014). Diseases of the Abdomen and Pelvis 2014–2017: Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional Techniques. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zupanc, G. K. H. (2011). Adult Neurogenesis in Teleost Fish. In T. Seki, K. Sawamoto, J. M. Parent, & A. Alvarez-Buylla (Eds.), Neurogenesis in the Adult Brain I: Neurobiology (pp. 137–167). Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mycoscience.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, July 31). Researchers Discover How Bees Naturally “Vaccinate” Their Young. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Internal Control Weaknesses in Army Safeguarding of Computer Equipment (AFMD-92-60ML). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
He, W. (2017). A Comprehensive Analysis of Fracture Initiation and Propagation in Sandstones based on Micro-Level Observation and Digital Imaging Correlation [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Carlson, L. (2010, February 21). Come Committed or Stay on the Couch. New York Times, MB3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vanmaekelbergh, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Vanmaekelbergh, 2015; Xavier & Bassler, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xavier & Bassler, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Sugiyama et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Goley et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleMycoscience
ISSN (print)1340-3540

Other styles