How to format your references using the Monash Bioethics Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Monash Bioethics Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Telenti, Amalio. 2014. HIV: The mixed blessing of interferon. Nature 511: 537–538.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lopatin, Alexey V., and Alexander O. Averianov. 2006. An aegialodontid upper molar and the evolution of mammal dentition. Science (New York, N.Y.) 313: 1092.
A journal article with 3 authors
Torsvik, Vigdis, Lise Øvreås, and Tron Frede Thingstad. 2002. Prokaryotic diversity--magnitude, dynamics, and controlling factors. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296: 1064–1066.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Huang, Ying, Jia Fang, Mark T. Bedford, Yi Zhang, and Rui-Ming Xu. 2006. Recognition of histone H3 lysine-4 methylation by the double tudor domain of JMJD2A. Science (New York, N.Y.) 312: 748–751.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Riehle, Fritz. 2003. Frequency Standards. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Velazco, Raoul, Pascal Fouillat, and Ricardo Reis, ed. 2007. Radiation Effects on Embedded Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Dalla Preda, Mila, Maurizio Gabbrielli, Saverio Giallorenzo, Ivan Lanese, and Jacopo Mauro. 2015. Dynamic Choreographies. In Coordination Models and Languages: 17th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, COORDINATION 2015, Held as Part of the 10th International Federated Conference on Distributed Computing Techniques, DisCoTec 2015, Grenoble, France, June 2-4, 2015, Proceedings, ed. Tom Holvoet and Mirko Viroli, 67–82. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Monash Bioethics Review.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2013. New Species of Humpback Dolphin Discovered. IFLScience. IFLScience. October 29.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Electronic Government: Selected Agency Plans for Implementing the Government Paperwork Elimination Act. GAO-01-861T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hendry, Marie. 2014. The Lonely Nineteenth Century: Loneliness and the Female Protagonist in the Victorian Novel. Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Strauss, Ben. 2016. Like Father, Like Son. Like the Cubs? No Way! New York Times, September 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Telenti 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Lopatin and Averianov 2006; Telenti 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lopatin and Averianov 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleMonash Bioethics Review
AbbreviationMonash Bioeth. Rev.
ISSN (print)1321-2753
ISSN (online)1836-6716
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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