How to format your references using the Monash Bioethics Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Monash Bioethics Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Richmond, B. 2001. Neuroscience. Information coding. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 2493–2494.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wu, Jun, and Juan Carlos Izpisua Belmonte. 2014. Stem cells: A designer’s guide to pluripotency. Nature 516: 172–173.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vasudevan, Shobha, Yingchun Tong, and Joan A. Steitz. 2007. Switching from repression to activation: microRNAs can up-regulate translation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 318: 1931–1934.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Auluck, Pavan K., H. Y. Edwin Chan, John Q. Trojanowski, Virginia M. Y. Lee, and Nancy M. Bonini. 2002. Chaperone suppression of alpha-synuclein toxicity in a Drosophila model for Parkinson’s disease. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295: 865–868.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deichmann, Ute. 2005. Flüchten, Mitmachen, Vergessen. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Velde, Pierre. 2010. Soils, Plants and Clay Minerals: Mineral and Biologic Interactions. Edited by Pierre Barré. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Noureldin, Aboelmagd, Tashfeen B. Karamat, and Jacques Georgy. 2013. Inertial Navigation System. In Fundamentals of Inertial Navigation, Satellite-based Positioning and their Integration, ed. Tashfeen B. Karamat and Jacques Georgy, 125–166. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Monash Bioethics Review.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2015. Lamb Born With A Human-Like Face. IFLScience. IFLScience. April 1.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Airport Improvement Program: FAA Complying With Requirement for Local Involvement in Noise Mitigation Projects. RCED-99-41. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gwaduri, Erum. 2009. A personal narrative: Struggles and experiences of acculturation as a Pakistani Shia Muslim while battling immigration. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Moschen, Isabella. 2013. The Two-Wheeled Amenity. New York Times, June 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Richmond 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Richmond 2001; Wu and Izpisua Belmonte 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wu and Izpisua Belmonte 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Auluck et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleMonash Bioethics Review
AbbreviationMonash Bioeth. Rev.
ISSN (print)1321-2753
ISSN (online)1836-6716
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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