How to format your references using the Monash Bioethics Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Monash Bioethics Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tobie, Gabriel. 2015. Planetary science: Enceladus’ hot springs. Nature 519: 162–163.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor, R. L., and D. W. Mittlefehldt. 2000. Missing martian meteorites. Science (New York, N.Y.) 290: 273c–5c.
A journal article with 3 authors
Paradise, Jordan, Lori Andrews, and Timothy Holbrook. 2005. Intellectual property. Patents on human genes: an analysis of scope and claims. Science (New York, N.Y.) 307: 1566–1567.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Shimoda, Tatsuya, Yasuo Matsuki, Masahiro Furusawa, Takashi Aoki, Ichio Yudasaka, Hideki Tanaka, Haruo Iwasawa, Daohai Wang, Masami Miyasaka, and Yasumasa Takeuchi. 2006. Solution-processed silicon films and transistors. Nature 440: 783–786.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sinaiski, Emmanuil G. 2011. Hydromechanics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Seipel, Dietmar, Michael Hanus, and Armin Wolf, ed. 2009. Applications of Declarative Programming and Knowledge Management: 17th International Conference, INAP 2007, and 21st Workshop on Logic Programming, WLP 2007, Würzburg, Germany, October 4-6, 2007, Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 5437. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Godart, Bruno, Mario de Rooij, and Jonathan G. M. Wood. 2013. Confirmation Investigation. In Guide to Diagnosis and Appraisal of AAR Damage to Concrete in Structures: Part 1 Diagnosis (AAR 6.1), ed. Bruno Godart, Mario de Rooij, and Jonathan G. M. Wood, 31–63. RILEM State-of-the-Art Reports. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Monash Bioethics Review.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2016. Blue Origin Reveals New Glenn Rocket That Will Take Humans Into Orbit. IFLScience. IFLScience. September 13.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Public Transportation: Federal Role Key to Rural and Tribal Transit. GAO-14-589. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guo, Zhihua. 2008. Experimental Analysis of Polymer Nanocomposite Foaming Using Carbon Dioxide. Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herskovic, Linda. 2017. Who’s That Cat? New York Times, June 23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tobie 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Taylor and Mittlefehldt 2000; Tobie 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taylor and Mittlefehldt 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Shimoda et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleMonash Bioethics Review
AbbreviationMonash Bioeth. Rev.
ISSN (print)1321-2753
ISSN (online)1836-6716
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles