How to format your references using the Molecular Vision citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Vision. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pauluis OM. Atmospheric science. The global engine that could. Science. 2015;347(6221):475-476.
A journal article with 2 authors
Davis CS, McGillicuddy DJ Jr. Transatlantic abundance of the N2-fixing colonial cyanobacterium Trichodesmium. Science. 2006;312(5779):1517-1520.
A journal article with 3 authors
Haitin Y, Carlson AE, Zagotta WN. The structural mechanism of KCNH-channel regulation by the eag domain. Nature. 2013;501(7467):444-448.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sundar VC, Zaumseil J, Podzorov V, et al. Elastomeric transistor stamps: reversible probing of charge transport in organic crystals. Science. 2004;303(5664):1644-1646.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krysinski T, Malburet F. Mechanical Instability. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Potapov I, ed. Developments in Language Theory: 19th International Conference, DLT 2015, Liverpool, UK, July 27-30, 2015, Proceedings. Vol 9168. Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Escalera S, Baró X, Pujol O, Vitrià J, Radeva P. Traffic Sign Detection and Recognition System. In: Baró X, Pujol O, Vitrià J, Radeva P, eds. Traffic-Sign Recognition Systems. SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer; 2011:81-94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Vision.

Blog post
Hale T. Against All Odds, AI Is Owning Humans At A Poker Tournament. IFLScience. Published August 18, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Signs: Conversion to Metric Units Could Be Costly. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chavez JA. Principal stress analysis of rock fracture data from the Long Beach oil field, Los Angeles basin, California. Published online 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Court Upholds Arizona Limits Imposed on Insanity Defense. New York Times. June 30, 2006:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Vision
ISSN (online)1090-0535

Other styles