How to format your references using the Molecular Vision citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Vision. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Appel A. Drugs: More shots on target. Nature. 2011;480(7377):S40-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gilmore MS, Ferretti JJ. Microbiology. The thin line between gut commensal and pathogen. Science. 2003;299(5615):1999-2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sigman DM, Hain MP, Haug GH. The polar ocean and glacial cycles in atmospheric CO(2) concentration. Nature. 2010;466(7302):47-55.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Diemand J, Kuhlen M, Madau P, et al. Clumps and streams in the local dark matter distribution. Nature. 2008;454(7205):735-738.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Qiu RG. Service Science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Toulouevski YN. Electric Arc Furnace with Flat Bath: Achievements and Prospects. (Zinurov IY, ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Shao Z, Zhang Y. Quantitative Comparison of ChIP-Seq Data Sets Using MAnorm. In: Teschendorff AE, ed. Computational and Statistical Epigenomics. Translational Bioinformatics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015:69-90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Vision.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. No, The CDC Did Not Apologize And Say The Flu Vaccine Doesn’t Work. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Comments on Department of Education Use of Subsequent-Year Appropriations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Alsubaihi SI. Challenges for women academic leaders to obtain senior leadership positions in higher education in Saudi Arabia. 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Strasburg Stifles the Cubs and Makes the Nationals Feel a Lot Better. New York Times. October 12, 2017:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Vision
ISSN (online)1090-0535
Scope

Other styles