How to format your references using the Urban Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carlson, R. W. (2002). Geology. Osmium remembers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5567), pp. 475–477.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lukacs-Kornek, V., & Turley, S. J. (2008). Immunology. Chaperone puts the brakes on. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5908), pp. 1640–1641.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tay, Y., Rinn, J., & Pandolfi, P. P. (2014). The multilayered complexity of ceRNA crosstalk and competition. Nature, 505(7483), pp. 344–352.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jansen, V. A. A., Stollenwerk, N., Jensen, H. J., Ramsay, M. E., Edmunds, W. J., & Rhodes, C. J. (2003). Measles outbreaks in a population with declining vaccine uptake. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5634), p. 804.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thompson, G. R. (2011). Reading the American Novel 1865-1914. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Serra, H. A. de A. (2015). Design of Switched-Capacitor Filter Circuits using Low Gain Amplifiers (N. Paulino, Ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Devaraj, P., & Yugesh, S. (2015). Reconstruction of Multiply Generated Splines from Local Average Samples, in: P. N. Agrawal, R. N. Mohapatra, U. Singh, & H. M. Srivastava (Eds.), Mathematical Analysis and its Applications: Roorkee, India, December 2014, pp. 63–72. Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. New Delhi: Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Scientists Reveal How A Zombifying Virus Manipulates Its Caterpillar Host. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Federal Student Aid Formula: Cost-of-Living Adjustment Could Increase Aid to a Small Percentage of Students in High-Cost Areas but Could Also Further Complicate Aid Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beard, J. A. (2014). Evidence of Leadership Competencies in the Journal of Mary Easton Sibley, a Pioneering 19th Century Women’s College Founder.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. (2017). Following Amazon In the Hunt For a Home. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carlson, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Carlson, 2002; Lukacs-Kornek & Turley, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lukacs-Kornek & Turley, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Tay, Rinn, & Pandolfi, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Jansen et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Studies
AbbreviationUrban Stud.
ISSN (print)0042-0980
ISSN (online)1360-063X
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Urban Studies

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