How to format your references using the Urban Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morsink, S. (2000). ASTROPHYSICS: Signs of Extreme Gravity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5493), pp. 945–946.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhong, C.-B., & Liljenquist, K. (2006). Washing away your sins: threatened morality and physical cleansing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5792), pp. 1451–1452.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pan, X., Shao, M., & Kulkarni, S. R. (2004). A distance of 133-137 parsecs to the Pleiades star cluster. Nature, 427(6972), pp. 326–328.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
George, D., Lehrach, W., Kansky, K., Lázaro-Gredilla, M., Laan, C., Marthi, B., et al. (2017). A generative vision model that trains with high data efficiency and breaks text-based CAPTCHAs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 358(6368).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zarbock, G., Lynch, S., Ammann, A., & Ringer, S. (2014). Mindfulness for Therapists. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Nagoshi, J. L. (2014). Gender and Sexual Identity: Transcending Feminist and Queer Theory (C. T. Nagoshi & S. Brzuzy, Eds.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Weltner, K., Schuster, P., Weber, W. J., & Grosjean, J. (2009). Differential Calculus, in: W. J. Weber, J. Grosjean, & P. Schuster (Eds.), Mathematics for Physicists and Engineers: Fundamentals and Interactive Study Guide, pp. 85–144. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). Engineered Bacteria Are Helping Us Add Memory To Living Computers. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Homeland Security: Information Technology Funding and Associated Management Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Darwich, M. K. (2017). Cost-Efficient Video On Demand (VOD) Streaming Using Cloud Services.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hammond, M. S. (2013). The Art of Passing for Them. New York Times, p. BR27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morsink, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Morsink, 2000; Zhong & Liljenquist, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhong & Liljenquist, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Pan, Shao, & Kulkarni, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (George et al., 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Studies
AbbreviationUrban Stud.
ISSN (print)0042-0980
ISSN (online)1360-063X
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Urban Studies

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