How to format your references using the Urban Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz, D. (2010). Entertaining science. Nature, 466(7302), p. 27.
A journal article with 2 authors
Velicogna, I., & Wahr, J. (2006). Measurements of time-variable gravity show mass loss in Antarctica. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5768), pp. 1754–1756.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brown, M. E., Bouchez, A. H., & Griffith, C. A. (2002). Direct detection of variable tropospheric clouds near Titan’s south pole. Nature, 420(6917), pp. 795–797.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yamamoto, J. K., Fairchild, T. R., Boggiani, P. C., Montanheiro, T. J., de Araújo, C. C., Kiyohara, P. K., et al. (2005). A record of Permian subaqueous vent activity in southeastern Brazil. Nature, 438(7065), pp. 205–207.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ergül, Ö., & Gürel, L. (2014). The Multilevel Fast Multipole Algorithm (MLFMA) for Solving Large-Scale Computational Electromagnetics Problems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Andreaus, U., & Iacoviello, D. (Eds.). (2013). Biomedical Imaging and Computational Modeling in Biomechanics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Giere, R. N. (2011). History and Philosophy of Science: Thirty-Five Years Later, in: S. Mauskopf & T. Schmaltz (Eds.), Integrating History and Philosophy of Science: Problems and Prospects, pp. 59–65. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Studies.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017). Artificial Magnetic Shield Could Help In Terraforming Mars. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). National Airspace System: Free Flight Tools Show Promise, but Implementation Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castiglione, A. (2010). Counterproductive work behaviors: The role of employee support policies, envy, and narcissism.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017). Bruce Arrived in Camp Expecting to Stay With Team. New York Times, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Sarewitz, 2010; Velicogna & Wahr, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Velicogna & Wahr, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Brown, Bouchez, & Griffith, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yamamoto et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Studies
AbbreviationUrban Stud.
ISSN (print)0042-0980
ISSN (online)1360-063X
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Urban Studies

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