How to format your references using the Urban Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, N. (2012). Materials science: Super carbon. Nature, 483(7389), pp. S30-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pyenson, N. D., & Pyenson, L. (2005). Treating medieval manuscripts as fossils. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5735), pp. 698–701; author reply 698-701.
A journal article with 3 authors
Geary, C., Rothemund, P. W. K., & Andersen, E. S. (2014). RNA nanostructures. A single-stranded architecture for cotranscriptional folding of RNA nanostructures. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6198), pp. 799–804.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu, Y., Hu, W., Murakawa, Y., Yin, J., Wang, G., Landthaler, M., et al. (2013). Cold-induced RNA-binding proteins regulate circadian gene expression by controlling alternative polyadenylation. Scientific reports, 3, p. 2054.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
May, V., & Kühn, O. (2007). Charge and Energy Transfer Dynamics in Molecular Systems. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Ryan, P. Y. A., & Schoenmakers, B. (Eds.). (2009). E-Voting and Identity: Second International Conference, VOTE-ID 2009, Luxembourg, September 7-8, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Summerville, D., Skormin, V., Volynkin, A., & Moronski, J. (2005). Prevention of Information Attacks by Run-Time Detection of Self-replication in Computer Codes, in: V. Gorodetsky, I. Kotenko, & V. Skormin (Eds.), Computer Network Security: Third International Workshop on Mathematical Methods, Models, and Architectures for Computer Network Security, MMM-ACNS 2005, St. Petersburg, Russia, September 24-28, 2005. Proceedings, pp. 54–75. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Studies.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015). Two Studies Conclude That Fracking Bad For Health. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Immigrant Education: Information on the Emergency Immigrant Education Act Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zakharov, D. (2010). The discrete Dirac operator and the discrete generalized Weierstrass representation in pseudo-Euclidean spaces.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Anderson, J. (2016). Rescuing a Film Rarity, Frame by Frame. New York Times, p. AR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Pyenson & Pyenson, 2005; Savage, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pyenson & Pyenson, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Geary, Rothemund, & Andersen, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Liu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Studies
AbbreviationUrban Stud.
ISSN (print)0042-0980
ISSN (online)1360-063X
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Urban Studies

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