How to format your references using the Molecular Pharmaceutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Pharmaceutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown, A. Obituary: John Templeton (1912-2008). Nature 2008, 454 (7202), 290.
A journal article with 2 authors
Snaith, H. A.; Sawin, K. E. Fission Yeast Mod5p Regulates Polarized Growth through Anchoring of Tea1p at Cell Tips. Nature 2003, 423 (6940), 647–651.
A journal article with 3 authors
Catrysse, P. B.; Liu, V.; Fan, S. Complete Power Concentration into a Single Waveguide in Large-Scale Waveguide Array Lenses. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6635.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Egan, M. E.; Pearson, M.; Weiner, S. A.; Rajendran, V.; Rubin, D.; Glöckner-Pagel, J.; Canny, S.; Du, K.; Lukacs, G. L.; Caplan, M. J. Curcumin, a Major Constituent of Turmeric, Corrects Cystic Fibrosis Defects. Science 2004, 304 (5670), 600–602.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Drake, P. P.; Fabozzi, F. J. The Basics of Finance; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
Advances in Autonomous Robotics: Joint Proceedings of the 13th Annual TAROS Conference and the 15th Annual FIRA RoboWorld Congress, Bristol, UK, August 20-23, 2012; Herrmann, G., Studley, M., Pearson, M., Conn, A., Melhuish, C., Witkowski, M., Kim, J.-H., Vadakkepat, P., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; Vol. 7429.
A chapter in an edited book
Frambach, H. A. What Remains of Humboldt at Times of the Bologna Reform? In The University According to Humboldt: History, Policy, and Future Possibilities; Backhaus, J. G., Ed.; SpringerBriefs in Economics; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp 39–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Pharmaceutics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. New Method Helps Astronomers Directly Image Exoplanets Around Distant Stars. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Possible Irregularities in the Operation of a Former Neighborhood Youth Corps Project; B-130515; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1970.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dasari, R. A. Automatic Driving System by Recognizing Road Signs Using Digital Image Processing. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. In a First, Graphic Novelist Is National Envoy for Children’s Literature. New York Times. January 4, 2016, p C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Pharmaceutics
AbbreviationMol. Pharm.
ISSN (print)1543-8384
ISSN (online)1543-8392
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery
Pharmaceutical Science

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