How to format your references using the Molecular Pharmaceutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Pharmaceutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Putnis, A. Materials Science. Why Mineral Interfaces Matter. Science 2014, 343 (6178), 1441–1442.
A journal article with 2 authors
Giovannoni, S. J.; Vergin, K. L. Seasonality in Ocean Microbial Communities. Science 2012, 335 (6069), 671–676.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gao, G.; Guo, X.; Goff, S. P. Inhibition of Retroviral RNA Production by ZAP, a CCCH-Type Zinc Finger Protein. Science 2002, 297 (5587), 1703–1706.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Humpherys, D.; Eggan, K.; Akutsu, H.; Hochedlinger, K.; Rideout, W. M., 3rd; Biniszkiewicz, D.; Yanagimachi, R.; Jaenisch, R. Epigenetic Instability in ES Cells and Cloned Mice. Science 2001, 293 (5527), 95–97.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, J. T. Methods of Geometry; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 1999.
An edited book
Kall, P. Stochastic Linear Programming: Models, Theory, and Computation, 2nd ed.; Mayer, J., Ed.; International Series in Operations Research & Management Science; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2011; Vol. 156.
A chapter in an edited book
Jónsson, Á.; Sigurgeirsson, H. Worthless Currency? In The Icelandic Financial Crisis: A Study into the World´s Smallest Currency Area and its Recovery from Total Banking Collapse; Sigurgeirsson, H., Ed.; Palgrave Macmillan UK: London, 2016; pp 139–171.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Pharmaceutics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Watch This Week’s Total Solar Eclipse Live. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Services: Automation and Consolidation of Flight Service Stations; RCED-88-77; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson, E. A. Exploring the Barriers to Online-Business Profitability for Small Business. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. 27 Years After Protest, a Victory Lap for Saudi Women. New York Times. October 7, 2017, p A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Pharmaceutics
AbbreviationMol. Pharm.
ISSN (print)1543-8384
ISSN (online)1543-8392
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery
Pharmaceutical Science

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