How to format your references using the Molecular Pharmaceutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Pharmaceutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mann, M. E. Climate Reconstruction. The Value of Multiple Proxies. Science 2002, 297 (5586), 1481–1482.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pitt, J. N.; Ferré-D’Amaré, A. R. Rapid Construction of Empirical RNA Fitness Landscapes. Science 2010, 330 (6002), 376–379.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lou, X.; Scheuss, V.; Schneggenburger, R. Allosteric Modulation of the Presynaptic Ca2+ Sensor for Vesicle Fusion. Nature 2005, 435 (7041), 497–501.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Polyak, L.; Edwards, M. H.; Coakley, B. J.; Jakobsson, M. Ice Shelves in the Pleistocene Arctic Ocean Inferred from Glaciogenic Deep-Sea Bedforms. Nature 2001, 410 (6827), 453–457.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smirnov, B. M. Cluster Processes in Gases and Plasmas; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2010.
An edited book
Cleft Lip and Palate: Diagnosis and Management, 3rd ed. 2013.; Berkowitz, S., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Zbierski, M. Iwazaru: The Byzantine Sequencer. In Architecture of Computing Systems – ARCS 2013: 26th International Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, February 19-22, 2013. Proceedings; Kubátová, H., Hochberger, C., Daněk, M., Sick, B., Eds.; Hutchison, D., Kanade, T., Kittler, J., Kleinberg, J. M., Mattern, F., Mitchell, J. C., Naor, M., Nierstrasz, O., Pandu Rangan, C., Steffen, B., Sudan, M., Terzopoulos, D., Tygar, D., Vardi, M. Y., Weikum, G., Series Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp 38–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Pharmaceutics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. How National Security Gave Birth To Bioethics (accessed 2018 -10 -30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Issues That Need to Be Considered in Formulating Strategies to Reduce Aviation Noise; T-RCED-90-111; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thompson, M. C. Autonomy in Occupational Health Nursing: An Application of Abbott’s Theory of Professions. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. Justices Hear Arguments on Internet Pornography Law. New York Times. October 31, 2007, p A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Pharmaceutics
AbbreviationMol. Pharm.
ISSN (print)1543-8384
ISSN (online)1543-8392
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery
Pharmaceutical Science

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