How to format your references using the Molecular Pharmaceutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Pharmaceutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Prasher, R. Materials Science. Graphene Spreads the Heat. Science 2010, 328 (5975), 185–186.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tsou, M.-F. B.; Stearns, T. Mechanism Limiting Centrosome Duplication to Once per Cell Cycle. Nature 2006, 442 (7105), 947–951.
A journal article with 3 authors
Albert, R.; Jeong, H.; Barabasi, A. L. Error and Attack Tolerance of Complex Networks. Nature 2000, 406 (6794), 378–382.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hutson, M. S.; Tokutake, Y.; Chang, M.-S.; Bloor, J. W.; Venakides, S.; Kiehart, D. P.; Edwards, G. S. Forces for Morphogenesis Investigated with Laser Microsurgery and Quantitative Modeling. Science 2003, 300 (5616), 145–149.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weverka, P. Microsoft® PowerPoint® 2010 All-in-One for Dummies®; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
Implementation and Application of Functional Languages: 16th International Workshop, IFL 2004, Lübeck, Germany, September 8-10, 2004 Revised Selected Papers; Grelck, C., Huch, F., Michaelson, G. J., Trinder, P., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005; Vol. 3474.
A chapter in an edited book
Brown, A.; Yampolskiy, M.; Gatlin, J.; Andel, T. Legal Aspects of Protecting Intellectual Property in Additive Manufacturing. In Critical Infrastructure Protection X: 10th IFIP WG 11.10 International Conference, ICCIP 2016, Arlington, VA, USA, March 14-16, 2016, Revised Selected Papers; Rice, M., Shenoi, S., Eds.; IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp 63–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Pharmaceutics.

Blog post
Taub, B. Scientists Have Turned Spinach Into A Bomb Detector. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Bid Rejection Protest; B-178720; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fertig, B. M. Stable Nitrogen Isotopes (Delta-Nitrogen-15) in the Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea Virginica) as an Indicator of Nitrogen Source. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz, M.; Turkewitz, J. Charred Body of Kidnapped Man Is Found on Long Island. New York Times. January 5, 2014, p A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Pharmaceutics
AbbreviationMol. Pharm.
ISSN (print)1543-8384
ISSN (online)1543-8392
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery
Pharmaceutical Science

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