How to format your references using the Molecular Pharmaceutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Pharmaceutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boisvert, C. A. The Pelvic Fin and Girdle of Panderichthys and the Origin of Tetrapod Locomotion. Nature 2005, 438 (7071), 1145–1147.
A journal article with 2 authors
Du, J.-L.; Poo, M.-M. Rapid BDNF-Induced Retrograde Synaptic Modification in a Developing Retinotectal System. Nature 2004, 429 (6994), 878–883.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brown, R. R.; Deletic, A.; Wong, T. H. F. Interdisciplinarity: How to Catalyse Collaboration. Nature 2015, 525 (7569), 315–317.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Luther, G. W., 3rd; Rozan, T. F.; Taillefert, M.; Nuzzio, D. B.; Di Meo, C.; Shank, T. M.; Lutz, R. A.; Cary, S. C. Chemical Speciation Drives Hydrothermal Vent Ecology. Nature 2001, 410 (6830), 813–816.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krichen, S.; Chaouachi, J. Graph-Related Optimization and Decision Support Systems; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
BioNanoFluidic MEMS; Hesketh, P. J., Ed.; MEMS Reference Shelf; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou, Z.-R.; Yu, H.-Y.; Zheng, J.; Qian, L.-M.; Yan, Y. Microtribology of Human Teeth. In Dental Biotribology; Yu, H.-Y., Zheng, J., Qian, L.-M., Yan, Y., Eds.; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; pp 117–139.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Pharmaceutics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Parents Giving Children Alcohol Is Associated With More Drinking, But Possibly Fewer Binges (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Space: Industry Developments and FAA Challenges; GAO-16-765T; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yu, G. Religious/Spiritual Beliefs and Practices of Asian/Asian American Mental Health Professionals & Students and the Impact on Treatment. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. Whose Hat? New York Times. November 30, 1997, p 93.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Pharmaceutics
AbbreviationMol. Pharm.
ISSN (print)1543-8384
ISSN (online)1543-8392
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles