How to format your references using the Molecular Pharmaceutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Pharmaceutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt, S. Microbiome: A Complicated Relationship Status. Nature 2014, 508 (7496), S61-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wignall, A. E.; Herberstein, M. E. Male Courtship Vibrations Delay Predatory Behaviour in Female Spiders. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 3557.
A journal article with 3 authors
Koskinen, M. T.; Haugen, T. O.; Primmer, C. R. Contemporary Fisherian Life-History Evolution in Small Salmonid Populations. Nature 2002, 419 (6909), 826–830.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hou, S. T.; Jiang, S. X.; Aylsworth, A.; Cooke, M.; Zhou, L. Collapsin Response Mediator Protein 3 Deacetylates Histone H4 to Mediate Nuclear Condensation and Neuronal Death. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1350.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwartz, R. Rethinking Pragmatism; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2012.
An edited book
Encyclopedia of Tribology; Wang, Q. J., Chung, Y.-W., Eds.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Kumar, S.; Managi, S. Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers and the Environment. In The Economics of Sustainable Development: The Case of India; Kumar, S., Ed.; Springer US: New York, NY, 2009; pp 65–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Pharmaceutics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Scientists Find Animals Thought To Be Extinct For Decades (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Challenges to Assessing and Improving Telecommunications For Native Americans on Tribal Lands; GAO-06-189; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rus, E. L. A Grant Proposal for Program “Tech Connect”: Bridging the Generations through Technology Coaching. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Candidate’s Record; The Matter of Trust: Clinton’s Big Burden. New York Times. October 18, 1992, p 124.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Pharmaceutics
AbbreviationMol. Pharm.
ISSN (print)1543-8384
ISSN (online)1543-8392
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery
Pharmaceutical Science

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