How to format your references using the Molecular Medicine Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Medicine Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pelkmans L: Cell Biology. Using cell-to-cell variability--a new era in molecular biology. Science 336: 425–426, 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
Domon B and Aebersold R: Mass spectrometry and protein analysis. Science 312: 212–217, 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
Denholm I, Devine GJ and Williamson MS: Evolutionary genetics. Insecticide resistance on the move. Science 297: 2222–2223, 2002.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Suchyna TM, Tape SE, Koeppe RE 2nd, Andersen OS, Sachs F and Gottlieb PA: Bilayer-dependent inhibition of mechanosensitive channels by neuroactive peptide enantiomers. Nature 430: 235–240, 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sewell G: The Numerical Solution of Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
Dobkin PL: Mindful Medical Practitioners: A Guide for Clinicians and Educators. (Hassed CS (ed.)). Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Arnold VI, Kozlov VV and Neishtadt AI: Variational Principles and Methods. In: Mathematical Aspects of Classical and Celestial Mechanics: Third Edition. Kozlov VV and Neishtadt AI (eds.) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp135–170, 2006.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Medicine Reports.

Blog post
Hale T: Stunning Satellite Images Show Cloudless View Of The Whole Of Africa. IFLScience, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal Communications Commission: Strategic Focus Needed to Improve Information Resources Management. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brient R: Performance considerations for Philippe Gaubert’s “Madrigal.”, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF: The Wit of Gilbert and Sullivan, the Joys of Yiddish. New York Times: 14LI8, 2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Medicine Reports
AbbreviationMol. Med. Rep.
ISSN (print)1791-2997
ISSN (online)1791-3004
Cancer Research
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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