How to format your references using the Molecular Medicine Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Medicine Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith C: Getting up speed. Nature 428: 229, 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
Paland S and Lynch M: Transitions to asexuality result in excess amino acid substitutions. Science 311: 990–992, 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wake DB, Wake MH and Specht CD: Homoplasy: from detecting pattern to determining process and mechanism of evolution. Science 331: 1032–1035, 2011.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Padera TP, Stoll BR, Tooredman JB, Capen D, di Tomaso E and Jain RK: Pathology: cancer cells compress intratumour vessels. Nature 427: 695, 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dos Santos EC Jr and Cabral da Silva ER: ADVANCED POWER ELECTRONICS CONVERTERS. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
Beran J: Long-Memory Processes: Probabilistic Properties and Statistical Methods. (Feng Y, Ghosh S and Kulik R (eds.)). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Backhaus K, Hupka P and Wiegand N: Order Financing and Financial Engineering. In: Business Project Management and Marketing: Mastering Business Markets. Kleinaltenkamp M, Plinke W and Geiger I (eds.) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp127–158, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Medicine Reports.

Blog post
Andrews R: Borneo’s “Deep Skull” Rewrites History Of Human Evolution. IFLScience, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Cuban Embargo: Selected Issues Relating to Travel, Exports, and Telecommunications. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holloway CM: Evaluating five leadership traits in the rising stars succession planning program., 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J: Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times: MM22, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Medicine Reports
AbbreviationMol. Med. Rep.
ISSN (print)1791-2997
ISSN (online)1791-3004
Cancer Research
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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