How to format your references using the Molecular Medicine Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Medicine Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jenkins M: Prospects for biodiversity. Science 302: 1175–1177, 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jordan KD and Johnson MA: Chemistry. Downsizing the hydrated electron’s lair. Science 329: 42–43, 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maurya SR, Chaturvedi D and Mahalakshmi R: Modulating lipid dynamics and membrane fluidity to drive rapid folding of a transmembrane barrel. Sci Rep 3: 1989, 2013.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kao S-C, Wu H, Xie J, Chang C-P, Ranish JA, Graef IA and Crabtree GR: Calcineurin/NFAT signaling is required for neuregulin-regulated Schwann cell differentiation. Science 323: 651–654, 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Doeuff R and Zaïm MEH: Rotating Electrical Machines. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA, 2013.
An edited book
Cohen E and Moussian B: Extracellular Composite Matrices in Arthropods. Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Hairer E and Wanner G: Calculus in Several Variables. In: Analysis by Its History. Hairer E and Wanner G (eds.) Springer, New York, NY, pp271–350, 2008.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Medicine Reports.

Blog post
Davis J: New Zealand Birds May Be Singing Songs Not Heard In The UK For Over 100 Years. IFLScience, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Battlefield Automation: Better Justification and Testing Needed for Common Computer Acquisition. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murray TM: A grounded theory of U.S. Army installation realignment and closure leadership characteristics., 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M: A Different Way of Taking Off at J.F.K. New York Times: D8, 2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Medicine Reports
AbbreviationMol. Med. Rep.
ISSN (print)1791-2997
ISSN (online)1791-3004
Cancer Research
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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