How to format your references using the Molecular Medicine Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Medicine Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brune H: Applied physics. Assembly and probing of spin chains of finite size. Science 312: 1005–1006, 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
Saavedra S and Stouffer DB: “Disentangling nestedness” disentangled. Nature 500: E1-2, 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sánchez I, Mahlke C and Yuan J: Pivotal role of oligomerization in expanded polyglutamine neurodegenerative disorders. Nature 421: 373–379, 2003.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ransom RC, Carter AC, Salhotra A, et al.: Mechanoresponsive stem cells acquire neural crest fate in jaw regeneration. Nature 563: 514–521, 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carne EB: Connections for the Digital Age. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Hawksworth DL and Bull AT: Forest Diversity and Management. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Lattimer B and Campbell T: Fire Modelling of Composites. In: Fire Properties of Polymer Composite Materials. Gibson AG (ed.) Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp103–132, 2006.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Medicine Reports.

Blog post
Carpineti C: This Parasite Infested Snail Looks Like Something From A Horror Movie. IFLScience, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Automated Information Systems Security in Federal Civil Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spillman SA: Is More Always Better: Comparing the Effects of Single and Multiple Learning Channels on Academic Performance., 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW: Puerto Rico Begins Choosing Which Payments to Make. New York Times: B1, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Medicine Reports
AbbreviationMol. Med. Rep.
ISSN (print)1791-2997
ISSN (online)1791-3004
Cancer Research
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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