How to format your references using the Molecular Medicine Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Medicine Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dance A: Micromanagement with light. Nature 528: 291–294, 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
Khudiyev T and Bayindir M: Superenhancers: novel opportunities for nanowire optoelectronics. Sci Rep 4: 7505, 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gunn LJ, Allison A and Abbott D: A directional wave measurement attack against the Kish key distribution system. Sci Rep 4: 6461, 2014.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zha S, Guo C, Boboila C, et al.: ATM damage response and XLF repair factor are functionally redundant in joining DNA breaks. Nature 469: 250–254, 2011.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhu FXX, Hoehn R, Thakkar V and Yuh E: Hydroprocessing for Clean Energy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, 2017.
An edited book
Zimmermann C, Dean RG, Penchev V and Verhagen HJ: Environmentally Friendly Coastal Protection: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Environmentally Friendly Coastal Protection Structures Varna, Bulgaria 25–27 May 2004. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Rousseau V, Chrétiennot-Dinet M-J, Jacobsen A, Verity P and Whipple S: The life cycle of Phaeocystis: state of knowledge and presumptive role in ecology. In: Phaeocystis, major link in the biogeochemical cycling of climate-relevant elements. Leeuwe MA van, Stefels J, Belviso S, Lancelot C, Verity PG and Gieskes WWC (eds.) Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp29–47, 2007.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Medicine Reports.

Blog post
Carpineti A: Neutron Star Collisions May Explain Origin Of Heavy Elements Like Gold. IFLScience, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Statutory Copyright Licenses: Stakeholders’ Views on a Phaseout of Licenses for Broadcast Programming. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gifford SC: (Re)making men, representing the Caribbean nation: Authorial individuation in works by Fred D’aguiar, Robert Antoni, and Marlon James., 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J: An Actor’s ‘Always-Changing’ Bond With Faith. New York Times: C4, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Medicine Reports
AbbreviationMol. Med. Rep.
ISSN (print)1791-2997
ISSN (online)1791-3004
Cancer Research
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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