How to format your references using the Molecular Imaging and Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Imaging and Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Heki K (2011) Geophysics. A tale of two earthquakes. Science 332:1390–1391
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Drakesmith H, Prentice AM (2012) Hepcidin and the iron-infection axis. Science 338:768–772
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lynch VJ, May G, Wagner GP (2011) Regulatory evolution through divergence of a phosphoswitch in the transcription factor CEBPB. Nature 480:383–386
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Marlar RA, Leonard BL, Billman BR, et al (2000) Biochemical evidence of cannibalism at a prehistoric Puebloan site in southwestern Colorado. Nature 407:74–78

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Stack T, Ostrom LT, Wilhelmsen CA (2016) Occupational Ergonomics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Priami C (2006) Computational Methods in Systems Biology: International Conference, CMSB 2006, Trento, Italy, October 18-19, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Abbas Q, van der Weide E, Nordström J (2010) Energy Stability of the MUSCL Scheme. In: Kreiss G, Lötstedt P, Målqvist A, Neytcheva M (eds) Numerical Mathematics and Advanced Applications 2009: Proceedings of ENUMATH 2009, the 8th European Conference on Numerical Mathematics and Advanced Applications, Uppsala, July 2009. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 61–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Imaging and Biology.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S (2016) Yes, Wearing A Bike Helmet Really Does Reduce Your Risk Of Injury. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1994) USDA Restructuring: Refocus Info Share Program on Business Processes Rather Than Technology. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Murray TM (2008) A grounded theory of U.S. Army installation realignment and closure leadership characteristics. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Cowen T (2015) Signs of a Shakier New Normal. New York Times BU3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Imaging and Biology
AbbreviationMol. Imaging Biol.
ISSN (print)1536-1632
ISSN (online)1860-2002
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles