How to format your references using the Molecular Genetics and Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Genetics and Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Rahilly S (2009) Human genetics illuminates the paths to metabolic disease. Nature 462:307–314
A journal article with 2 authors
Uchida M, Tonomura A (2010) Generation of electron beams carrying orbital angular momentum. Nature 464:737–739
A journal article with 3 authors
Lim HS, Rim YS, Kim HJ (2014) Photoresist-free fully self-patterned transparent amorphous oxide thin-film transistors obtained by sol-gel process. Sci Rep 4:4544
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lahaye T, Koch T, Fröhlich B, et al (2007) Strong dipolar effects in a quantum ferrofluid. Nature 448:672–675

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smirnov BM (2010) Cluster Processes in Gases and Plasmas. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Schewe K-D, Thalheim B (eds) (2011) Semantics in Data and Knowledge Bases: 4th International Workshops, SDKB 2010, Bordeaux, France, July 5, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Shandas V (2014) Socio-Ecological Context of Salmonids in the City. In: Yeakley JA, Maas-Hebner KG, Hughes RM (eds) Wild Salmonids in the Urbanizing Pacific Northwest. Springer, New York, NY, pp 47–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Genetics and Genomics.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Solar Plant Achieves Supercritical Steam. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) GAO ADP Data Lines: Issue No. 4. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeClerk CC (2008) The relationship between retail store manager leadership styles and employee generational cohort, performance, and satisfaction. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO (2011) Down the Tube. New York Times BR15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (O’Rahilly 2009).
This sentence cites two references (O’Rahilly 2009; Uchida and Tonomura 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Uchida and Tonomura 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Lahaye et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Genetics and Genomics
AbbreviationMol. Genet. Genomics
ISSN (print)1617-4615
ISSN (online)1617-4623
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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