How to format your references using the Molecular Genetics and Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Genetics and Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloch I (2008) Quantum coherence and entanglement with ultracold atoms in optical lattices. Nature 453:1016–1022
A journal article with 2 authors
Straus SE, Chesney MA (2006) Science and government. Enhanced: in defense of NCCAM. Science 313:303–304
A journal article with 3 authors
Munsky B, Neuert G, van Oudenaarden A (2012) Using gene expression noise to understand gene regulation. Science 336:183–187
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Moisan N, Malinowski G, Mauchain J, et al (2014) Investigating the role of superdiffusive currents in laser induced demagnetization of ferromagnets with nanoscale magnetic domains. Sci Rep 4:4658

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tattar PN, Ramaiah S, Manjunath BG (2016) A Course in Statistics With R. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Eiseltová M (ed) (2010) Restoration of Lakes, Streams, Floodplains, and Bogs in Europe: Principles and Case Studies. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Martinez-Frias J, Amaral G, Vázquez L (2007) Astrobiological significance of minerals on Mars surface environment. In: Amils R, Ellis-Evans C, Hinghofer-Szalkay H (eds) Life in Extreme Environments. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 55–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Genetics and Genomics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Dear Parents, You Are Being Lied To. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Development of Nontactical Secure Voice Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gogri D (2017) Effect of Water Hardness on Adsorption of Lead From Aqueous Solutions Using Douglas Fir Biochar. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick B (2017) Where Nobody Knows Your Name. New York Times D13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bloch 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Straus and Chesney 2006; Bloch 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Straus and Chesney 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Moisan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Genetics and Genomics
AbbreviationMol. Genet. Genomics
ISSN (print)1617-4615
ISSN (online)1617-4623
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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