How to format your references using the Molecular Genetics and Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Genetics and Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rice M (2004) Physics. Superfluid helium-3 has a metallic partner. Science 306:1142–1143
A journal article with 2 authors
Efferson C, Vogt S (2013) Viewing men’s faces does not lead to accurate predictions of trustworthiness. Sci Rep 3:1047
A journal article with 3 authors
Di Toro G, Nielsen S, Pennacchioni G (2005) Earthquake rupture dynamics frozen in exhumed ancient faults. Nature 436:1009–1012
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Jung H, In C, Choi H, Lee H (2014) Anisotropy modeling of terahertz metamaterials: polarization dependent resonance manipulation by meta-atom cluster. Sci Rep 4:5217

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Snape S (2011) Ancient Egyptian Tombs. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Simos TE (ed) (2011) Recent Advances in Computational and Applied Mathematics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Burggraf K, De Loera J, Omar M (2013) On Volumes of Permutation Polytopes. In: Bezdek K, Deza A, Ye Y (eds) Discrete Geometry and Optimization. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg, pp 55–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Genetics and Genomics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) SpaceX Plans To Return To Flight In January, Not December. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Activities of the Economic Opportunities Development Corporation of San Antonio and Bexar County, Texas. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peterson DG (2012) An application of geotechnical techniques to quantitative regional slope stability analysis San Clemente, California. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2016) Puerto Rico Debt Bill Takes Step. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rice 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Rice 2004; Efferson and Vogt 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Efferson and Vogt 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Jung et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Genetics and Genomics
AbbreviationMol. Genet. Genomics
ISSN (print)1617-4615
ISSN (online)1617-4623
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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