How to format your references using the Molecular Genetics and Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Genetics and Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hernando E (2008) Cancer. Aneuploidy advantages? Science 322:692–693
A journal article with 2 authors
Simpson GG, Dean C (2002) Arabidopsis, the Rosetta stone of flowering time? Science 296:285–289
A journal article with 3 authors
Grevemeyer I, Herber R, Essen HH (2000) Microseismological evidence for a changing wave climate in the northeast Atlantic Ocean. Nature 408:349–352
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rao Z, Chen F, Cheng H, et al (2013) High-resolution summer precipitation variations in the western Chinese Loess Plateau during the last glacial. Sci Rep 3:2785

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mead DE (2013) Becoming a Marriage and Family Therapist. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Pogorzelski WA (2008) Completeness Theory for Propositional Logics. Birkhäuser, Basel
A chapter in an edited book
Liu H, Silva EA, Wang Q (2015) Simulating the Dynamics of Creative Industries’ Interactions with Urban Land Use by Agent-Based Modelling. In: Silva EA, Wang Q (eds) Creative Industries and Urban Spatial Structure: Agent-based Modelling of the Dynamics in Nanjing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 101–133

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Genetics and Genomics.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) New Species Of Pitviper Discovered After A Century Of Misidentification. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Student Testing: Issues Related to Voluntary National Mathematics and Reading Tests. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson TF (2017) The Aircraft Electric Taxi System: A Qualitative Multi Case Study. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2016) Mets’ Starter Fails to Last 2 Innings, and He May Not Get to Go Any Longer. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hernando 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Simpson and Dean 2002; Hernando 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simpson and Dean 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Rao et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Genetics and Genomics
AbbreviationMol. Genet. Genomics
ISSN (print)1617-4615
ISSN (online)1617-4623
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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