How to format your references using the Molecular Catalysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Catalysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
U.D. Schwarz, Tribology. Tracking antiwear film formation, Science. 348 (2015) 40–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Sekido, R. Lovell-Badge, Sex determination involves synergistic action of SRY and SF1 on a specific Sox9 enhancer, Nature. 453 (2008) 930–934.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.T. Deller, M. Bailes, S.J. Tingay, Implications of a VLBI distance to the double pulsar J0737-3039A/B, Science. 323 (2009) 1327–1329.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D.E. Wright, A.J. Wagers, A.P. Gulati, F.L. Johnson, I.L. Weissman, Physiological migration of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells, Science. 294 (2001) 1933–1936.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Moorhouse, P. Barry, Bioinformatics Biocomputing and Perl, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
A. Okada, S.J. Buckingham Shum, T. Sherborne, eds., Knowledge Cartography: Software Tools and Mapping Techniques, 2nd ed. 2014, Springer, London, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Froeschlé, E. Lega, The fine structure of Hamiltonian systems revealed using the Fast Lyapunov Indicator, in: B.A. Steves, A.J. Maciejewski, M. Hendry (Eds.), Chaotic Worlds: From Order to Disorder in Gravitational N-Body Dynamical Systems, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2006: pp. 131–165.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Catalysis.

Blog post
J. Fang, Machines Can Filter Out Chatter In A Crowded Room, Just Like Us, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Theft From Airline Passenger Baggage, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. Meaux, Effect of Formation Deformation on Casing Standoff in Highly Deviated and Horizontal Wells, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kelly, THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton Says He’s Not Leaning Left but Taking a New “Third Way,” New York Times. (1992) 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Catalysis
ISSN (print)2468-8231

Other styles