How to format your references using the Molecular Catalysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Catalysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.S. Hails, Assessing the risks associated with new agricultural practices, Nature. 418 (2002) 685–688.
A journal article with 2 authors
X. Yang, X. Lu, Drastic change in China’s lakes and reservoirs over the past decades, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6041.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Franco, N. Malhotra, G. Simonovits, Social science. Publication bias in the social sciences: unlocking the file drawer, Science. 345 (2014) 1502–1505.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R.N. Cardinal, D.R. Pennicott, C.L. Sugathapala, T.W. Robbins, B.J. Everitt, Impulsive choice induced in rats by lesions of the nucleus accumbens core, Science. 292 (2001) 2499–2501.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S.H. Lui, Numerical Analysis of Partial Differential Equations, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
D. Lalanne, J. Kohlas, eds., Human Machine Interaction: Research Results of the MMI Program, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Vassev, M. Hinchey, Fundamentals of Designing Complex Aerospace Software Systems, in: O. Hammami, D. Krob, J.-L. Voirin (Eds.), Complex Systems Design & Management: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Complex Systems Design & Management CSDM 2011, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 65–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Catalysis.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Barriers, Canals And Fake Islands: How We Can Save Cities From Rising Sea Levels, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, School Meal Programs: Competitive Foods Are Widely Available and Generate Substantial Revenues for Schools, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.X. Luo, Theoretical models of olfactory discrimination in Drosophila, Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.W. Walsh, A Path Is Sought for States To Escape Debt Burdens, New York Times. (2011) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Catalysis
ISSN (print)2468-8231

Other styles