How to format your references using the Molecular Autism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Autism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. McGillicuddy DJ Jr. Oceans. Eddies masquerade as planetary waves. Science. 2011;334:318–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. O’Neill HSC, Jenner FE. The global pattern of trace-element distributions in ocean floor basalts. Nature. 2012;491:698–704.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Koskinen MT, Haugen TO, Primmer CR. Contemporary fisherian life-history evolution in small salmonid populations. Nature. 2002;419:826–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kozuka Y, Kim M, Bell C, Kim BG, Hikita Y, Hwang HY. Two-dimensional normal-state quantum oscillations in a superconducting heterostructure. Nature. 2009;462:487–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ben Mahmoud MS, Larrieu N, Pirovano A. Risk Propagation Assessment for Network Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Baluška F, Mancuso S, Volkmann D, editors. Communication in Plants: Neuronal Aspects of Plant Life. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rondina MT, Schwertz H. Morphogenesis of Platelets in the Circulation. In: Schulze H, Italiano J, editors. Molecular and Cellular Biology of Platelet Formation: Implications in Health and Disease. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 115–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Autism.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. NASA Snaps Image Of Saturn’s Other Death Star Moon [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Airline Competition: Fares and Concentration at Small-City Airports. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Jan. Report No.: RCED-91-51.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Shakya M. Planter Boxes and Rain Gardens for Urban Stormwater Management: Performance of Extended Field Application [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. Arts, Briefly; Home-Grown Films Are Booming in Russia. New York Times. 2006 Jan 16;E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Autism
AbbreviationMol. Autism
ISSN (online)2040-2392
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Molecular Biology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Developmental Neuroscience

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