How to format your references using the Climate citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bejan, A. Maxwell’s Demons Everywhere: Evolving Design as the Arrow of Time. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4017.
A journal article with 2 authors
Denicourt, C.; Dowdy, S.F. Medicine. Targeting Apoptotic Pathways in Cancer Cells. Science 2004, 305, 1411–1413.
A journal article with 3 authors
Elsner, J.B.; Kossin, J.P.; Jagger, T.H. The Increasing Intensity of the Strongest Tropical Cyclones. Nature 2008, 455, 92–95.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Robert, A.; Sirjean, O.; Browaeys, A.; Poupard, J.; Nowak, S.; Boiron, D.; Westbrook, C.I.; Aspect, A. A Bose-Einstein Condensate of Metastable Atoms. Science 2001, 292, 461–464.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Green, S.D. Making Sense of Construction Improvement; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2011; ISBN 9781444341102.
An edited book
Evaluation of Gastrointestinal Motility and Its Disorders; Ghoshal, U.C., Ed.; Springer India: New Delhi, 2016; ISBN 9788132208211.
A chapter in an edited book
Bárány, I.; Hubard, A.; Jerónimo, J. Slicing Convex Sets and Measures by a Hyperplane. In Twentieth Anniversary Volume: Discrete & Computational Geometry; Pollack, R., Pach, J., Goodman, J.E., Eds.; Springer: New York, NY, 2009; pp. 1–9 ISBN 9780387873626.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate.

Blog post
Hale, T. Boeing Wants To Race SpaceX To The Surface Of Mars Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Telecommunications: Agencies Need Better Controls to Achieve Significant Savings on Mobile Devices and Services; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2015;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Love, K.S. Factors Infleuncing Job Satisfaction in Nurses. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steel, E.; Schmidt, M.S. O’Reilly Settled Claim, Then Got a New Fox Deal. New York Times 2017, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate
ISSN (online)2225-1154

Other styles