How to format your references using the Climate citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yartsev, M.M. Eppendorf. Space Bats: Multidimensional Spatial Representation in the Bat. Science 2013, 342, 573–574.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blackburn, T.M.; Duncan, R.P. Determinants of Establishment Success in Introduced Birds. Nature 2001, 414, 195–197.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lupp, C.; Skipper, M.; Weiss, U. Gut Microbes and Health. Nature 2012, 489, 219.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kwon, Y.T.; Kashina, A.S.; Davydov, I.V.; Hu, R.-G.; An, J.Y.; Seo, J.W.; Du, F.; Varshavsky, A. An Essential Role of N-Terminal Arginylation in Cardiovascular Development. Science 2002, 297, 96–99.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tjong, S.C. Polymer Composites with Carbonaceous Nanofillers; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2012; ISBN 9783527648726.
An edited book
Baskin, L. Resonant Tunneling: Quantum Waveguides of Variable Cross-Section, Asymptotics, Numerics, and Applications; Neittaanmäki, P., Plamenevskii, B., Sarafanov, O., Eds.; Lecture Notes on Numerical Methods in Engineering and Sciences; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; ISBN 9783319151045.
A chapter in an edited book
Haim, A.; Portnov, B.A. Light at Night (LAN) Exposure and Its Potential Effects on Daily Rhythms and Seasonal Disruptions. In Light Pollution as a New Risk Factor for Human Breast and Prostate Cancers; Portnov, B.A., Ed.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013; pp. 35–40 ISBN 9789400762190.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Cunning Cats Forced Dogs To Evolve... Or Go Extinct Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office National Practitioner Data Bank: Major Improvements Are Needed to Enhance Data Bank’s Reliability; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2000;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones, C. Evolutionary Changes in Development Associated with a Transition in Larval Nutritional Mode in Spiralians. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Strauss, B. N.L.R.B. Lawyer Affirms Athletes’ Rights. New York Times 2017, B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate
ISSN (online)2225-1154

Other styles