How to format your references using the Climate citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seiradakis, J.H. Pulsar Astronomy. Older than They Look. Nature 2000, 406, 139–140.
A journal article with 2 authors
Silver, P.G.; Behn, M.D. Intermittent Plate Tectonics? Science 2008, 319, 85–88.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ma, J.-B.; Ye, K.; Patel, D.J. Structural Basis for Overhang-Specific Small Interfering RNA Recognition by the PAZ Domain. Nature 2004, 429, 318–322.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vastenhouw, N.L.; Brunschwig, K.; Okihara, K.L.; Müller, F.; Tijsterman, M.; Plasterk, R.H.A. Gene Expression: Long-Term Gene Silencing by RNAi. Nature 2006, 442, 882.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davison, M. Pharmaceutical Anti-Counterfeiting; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011; ISBN 9781118023679.
An edited book
High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering ’06: Transactions of the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS) 2006; Nagel, W.E., Jäger, W., Resch, M., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; ISBN 9783540361657.
A chapter in an edited book
Xu, J.; Zhou, S.; Qiu, L.; Liu, S.; Li, P. A Document Clustering Algorithm Based on Semi-Constrained Hierarchical Latent Dirichlet Allocation. In Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management: 7th International Conference, KSEM 2014, Sibiu, Romania, October 16-18, 2014. Proceedings; Buchmann, R., Kifor, C.V., Yu, J., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; pp. 49–60 ISBN 9783319120959.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate.

Blog post
Davis, J. Infected Zombie Beetles Encourage Males To Have Sex With Their Corpses Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, C.A. Intervention Workshops for Members of Multidisciplinary Teams on Hoarding: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. NOW SHOWING | A MOVABLE FEAST. New York Times 2008, M282.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate
ISSN (online)2225-1154

Other styles