How to format your references using the Climate citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elvis, M. Let’s Mine Asteroids--for Science and Profit. Nature 2012, 485, 549.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deuss, A.; Woodhouse, J. Seismic Observations of Splitting of the Mid-Transition Zone Discontinuity in Earth’s Mantle. Science 2001, 294, 354–357.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, S.F.; Huri, D.A.; Snyder, S.H. Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase Binds, S-Nitrosylates, and Activates Cyclooxygenase-2. Science 2005, 310, 1966–1970.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wikelski, M.; Tarlow, E.M.; Raim, A.; Diehl, R.H.; Larkin, R.P.; Visser, G.H. Avian Metabolism: Costs of Migration in Free-Flying Songbirds. Nature 2003, 423, 704.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rossiter, A. Professional Excellence; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2008; ISBN 9780470925348.
An edited book
Modeling and Optimization: Theory and Applications: Selected Contributions from the MOPTA 2010 Conference; Terlaky, T., Curtis, F.E., Eds.; Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics; Springer: New York, NY, 2012; Vol. 21; ISBN 9781461439233.
A chapter in an edited book
Jankowski, D.; Jackowski, K. Evolutionary Algorithm for Decision Tree Induction. In Computer Information Systems and Industrial Management: 13th IFIP TC8 International Conference, CISIM 2014, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, November 5-7, 2014. Proceedings; Saeed, K., Snášel, V., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014; pp. 23–32 ISBN 9783662452363.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Mummified Monk Found In Lotus Position Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Programs for Land-Grant Schools; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1996;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flannery, R. Clustering of Cyclic-Nucleotide-Gated Channels in Olfactory Cilia. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati: Cincinnati, OH, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J.; Fitzsimmons, E.G. Ride-Sharing Apps See Potential Upstate. New York Times 2015, A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate
ISSN (online)2225-1154

Other styles