How to format your references using the Climate citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, C. The silent treatment. Nature 2003, 422, 342.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weinhold, F.; Landis, C.R. Chemistry. High bond orders in metal-metal bonding. Science 2007, 316, 61–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
Joughin, I.; Smith, B.E.; Medley, B. Marine ice sheet collapse potentially under way for the Thwaites Glacier Basin, West Antarctica. Science 2014, 344, 735–738.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, M.; Indra, A.K.; Warot, X.; Brocard, J.; Messaddeq, N.; Kato, S.; Metzger, D.; Chambon, P. Skin abnormalities generated by temporally controlled RXRalpha mutations in mouse epidermis. Nature 2000, 407, 633–636.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cabaniss, D.L.; Cherry, S.; Douglas, C.J.; Schwartz, A. Psychodynamic Psychotherapy; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2010; ISBN 9780470711262.
An edited book
Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: 6th International Conference, AAIM 2010, Weihai, China, July 19-21, 2010. Proceedings; Chen, B., Ed.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; Vol. 6124; ISBN 9783642143540.
A chapter in an edited book
Świtoński, A.; Piórkowski, B.; Josiński, H.; Wojciechowski, K.; Drabik, A. Recognition of Human Gestures Represented by Depth Camera Motion Sequences. In New Trends in Intelligent Information and Database Systems; Barbucha, D., Nguyen, N.T., Batubara, J., Eds.; Studies in Computational Intelligence; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 33–42 ISBN 9783319162102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate.

Blog post
Hale, T. Divers Encounter Enormous Ocean Sunfish (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Air Force ADP Procurement: Contracting and Market Share Information; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1990;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crawford, M.J. Empire’s experts: The politics of knowledge in Spain’s royal monopoly of quina (1751–1808). Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego: La Jolla, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W. Bad Math and a Coming Public Pension Crisis. New York Times 2015, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate
ISSN (online)2225-1154

Other styles