How to format your references using the BioMetals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioMetals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barnard AS (2015) Materials science: nanoscale locomotion without fuel. Nature 519:37–38
A journal article with 2 authors
Spencer JR, Denk T (2010) Formation of Iapetus’ extreme albedo dichotomy by exogenically triggered thermal ice migration. Science 327:432–435
A journal article with 3 authors
Pelkmans L, Püntener D, Helenius A (2002) Local actin polymerization and dynamin recruitment in SV40-induced internalization of caveolae. Science 296:535–539
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Schreiner P, Chen X, Husnjak K, et al (2008) Ubiquitin docking at the proteasome through a novel pleckstrin-homology domain interaction. Nature 453:548–552

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Xing B, Vecitis CD, Senesi N (2016) Engineered Nanoparticles and the Environment: Biophysicochemical Processes and Toxicity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bradley DT, Ryherd EE, Ronsse LM (eds) (2016) Worship Space Acoustics: 3 Decades of Design, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Calvo-Zaragoza J, de la Higuera C, Oncina J (2016) Computing the Expected Edit Distance from a String to a PFA. In: Han Y-S, Salomaa K (eds) Implementation and Application of Automata: 21st International Conference, CIAA 2016, Seoul, South Korea, July 19-22, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 39–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioMetals.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Found: Preserved Dinosaur Cells – But Sadly Scientists Still Can’t Build Jurassic World. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/found-preserved-dinosaur-cells-sadly-scientists-still-can-t-build-jurassic-world/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) Response to Specific Questions on the Indian Point Probabilistic Safety Study. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davidson WB (2010) High school athletics and the “whole adolescent”: A case study of three urban high schools. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) IN REVERSAL OF COURSE, JUSTICES, 5-4, BACK BAN ON ABORTION METHOD. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barnard 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Spencer and Denk 2010; Barnard 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Spencer and Denk 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Schreiner et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioMetals
AbbreviationBiometals
ISSN (print)0966-0844
ISSN (online)1572-8773
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Biomaterials
Metals and Alloys

Other styles