How to format your references using the Molecular Astrophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Astrophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coles, P., 2005. The state of the Universe. Nature 433, 248–256.
A journal article with 2 authors
Turtle, E.P., Pierazzo, E., 2001. Thickness of a Europan ice shell from impact crater simulations. Science 294, 1326–1328.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takahashi, K., Mitsui, K., Yamanaka, S., 2003. Role of ERas in promoting tumour-like properties in mouse embryonic stem cells. Nature 423, 541–545.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kan, W., Liang, B., Zhu, X., Li, R., Zou, X., Wu, H., Yang, J., Cheng, J., 2013. Acoustic illusion near boundaries of arbitrary curved geometry. Sci. Rep. 3, 1427.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lloret, J., Shulman, G., Love, R.M., 2013. Condition and Health Indicators of Exploited Marine Fishes. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Pearton, S. (Ed.), 2012. GaN and ZnO-based Materials and Devices, Springer Series in Materials Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Lacoin, H., 2014. The Scaling Limit for Zero-Temperature Planar Ising Droplets: With and Without Magnetic Fields, in: Ramírez, A.F., Ben Arous, G., Ferrari, P.A., Newman, C.M., Sidoravicius, V., Vares, M.E. (Eds.), Topics in Percolative and Disordered Systems, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 85–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Astrophysics.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Pandas’ Bamboo-Only Diet Should Kill Them [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Commercial Aviation: Consumers Could Benefit from Better Information about Airline-Imposed Fees and Refundability of Government-Imposed Taxes and Fees (No. GAO-10-785). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Escalante-Guerra, M., 2009. Policy analysis proposal regarding the Adoptions and Safe Family Act of 1997 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2016. Review: ‘Hogtown’ Tells a Poetic Detective Story in Chicago. New York Times C11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coles, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Coles, 2005; Turtle and Pierazzo, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Turtle and Pierazzo, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Kan et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Astrophysics
ISSN (print)2405-6758

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