How to format your references using the Molecular Astrophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Astrophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stein, L.Y., 2015. Microbiology: Cyanate fuels the nitrogen cycle. Nature 524, 43–44.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bauer, J., Prenzel, M., 2012. Science education. European teacher training reforms. Science 336, 1642–1643.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu, D.L., Chan, B., Bush, J.W.M., 2003. The hydrodynamics of water strider locomotion. Nature 424, 663–666.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, T., Peng, Z., Wang, Y., Tang, J., Zheng, G., 2013. MnO nanoparticle@mesoporous carbon composites grown on conducting substrates featuring high-performance lithium-ion battery, supercapacitor and sensor. Sci. Rep. 3, 2693.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guinebretière, R., 2010. X-ray Diffraction by Polycrystalline Materials. ISTE, London, UK.
An edited book
Ayache, N., Delingette, H., Golland, P., Mori, K. (Eds.), 2012. Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2012: 15th International Conference, Nice, France, October 1-5, 2012, Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Negrini, M., Calin, G.A., 2010. Involvement of MicroRNAs in Human Cancer: Discovery and Expression Profiling, in: Cho, W.C.S. (Ed.), An Omics Perspective on Cancer Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 69–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Astrophysics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Grand Canyon Gray Wolf May Have Been Shot Dead [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/grand-canyon-gray-wolf-may-have-been-shot-dead/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Business Systems Modernization: Scope and Content of DOD’s Congressional Report and Executive Oversight of Investments Need to Improve (No. GAO-10-663). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heffner, M.D., 2017. Informing Decision-Making for Derailments Involving Hazmat: An Analysis of Phmsa Train Accident Data (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L., 2008. Hurdy Gurdy Man. New York Times ST4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Laporte, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Aragón, 2013; McCarthy, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bauer and Prenzel, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Rewitz et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Astrophysics
ISSN (print)2405-6758
Scope

Other styles