How to format your references using the Molecular Aspects of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Aspects of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nisbet, E., 2001. Heavenly phenomena. Nature 410, 635.
A journal article with 2 authors
Møller-Jensen, J., Gerdes, K., 2004. Microbiology. Dynamic instability of a bacterial engine. Science 306, 987–989.
A journal article with 3 authors
Garrick-Bethell, I., Wisdom, J., Zuber, M.T., 2006. Evidence for a past high-eccentricity lunar orbit. Science 313, 652–655.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sharpee, T.O., Sugihara, H., Kurgansky, A.V., Rebrik, S.P., Stryker, M.P., Miller, K.D., 2006. Adaptive filtering enhances information transmission in visual cortex. Nature 439, 936–942.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bolstad, W.M., Curran, J.M., 2016. Introduction to Bayesian Statistics, Third Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Forsmark, C.E., Gardner, T.B. (Eds.), 2015. Prediction and Management of Severe Acute Pancreatitis. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Wasserman, T., Wasserman, L.D., 2016. The Effect of Learning on the Development of the Connectome, in: Wasserman, L.D. (Ed.), Depathologizing Psychopathology: The Neuroscience of Mental Illness and Its Treatment. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 33–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Aspects of Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. New Candidate Brings us One Step Closer to an HIV Vaccine [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Economic Espionage: Information on Threat From U.S. Allies (No. T-NSIAD-96-114). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moreno, S., 2009. Mother-child relationships: Females behind bars and their children (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., Mather, V., 2013. To Avoid I.O.C. Cut, a Sport Changed. New York Times B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nisbet, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Møller-Jensen and Gerdes, 2004; Nisbet, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Møller-Jensen and Gerdes, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Sharpee et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Aspects of Medicine
AbbreviationMol. Aspects Med.
ISSN (print)0098-2997
Clinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
General Medicine

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