How to format your references using the Molecular Aspects of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Aspects of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Michaels, A.F., 2007. Ocean science. Highly active eddies. Science 316, 992–993.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith, E., Shilatifard, A., 2009. Developmental biology. Histone cross-talk in stem cells. Science 323, 221–222.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burkle, L.A., Marlin, J.C., Knight, T.M., 2013. Plant-pollinator interactions over 120 years: loss of species, co-occurrence, and function. Science 339, 1611–1615.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, P.Y., Ruiz-Vargas, C.S., van der Zande, A.M., Whitney, W.S., Levendorf, M.P., Kevek, J.W., Garg, S., Alden, J.S., Hustedt, C.J., Zhu, Y., Park, J., McEuen, P.L., Muller, D.A., 2011. Grains and grain boundaries in single-layer graphene atomic patchwork quilts. Nature 469, 389–392.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cretu, O., Stewart, R., Berends, T., 2011. Risk Management for Design and Construction. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Veanes, M., Viganò, L. (Eds.), 2013. Tests and Proofs: 7th International Conference, TAP 2013, Budapest, Hungary, June 16-20, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Fujimoto, T., 2008. Population-Alignment Collisional-Radiative Model, in: Fujimoto, Takashi, Iwamae, A. (Eds.), Plasma Polarization Spectroscopy, Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 51–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Aspects of Medicine.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Lab-grown Esophagus Implanted in Rat [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Pipeline Safety: Department of Transportation Needs to Complete Regulatory, Data, and Guidance Efforts (No. GAO-15-843T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Battaglia, M., 2015. Presenting a pluralized past: Assessing the efficacy of multivocal, bison-themed lesson units as a public education and outreach strategy for archaeology (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2008. Supreme Court to Decide Whether Rape of a Child Merits Death. New York Times A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Michaels, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Michaels, 2007; Smith and Shilatifard, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith and Shilatifard, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Aspects of Medicine
AbbreviationMol. Aspects Med.
ISSN (print)0098-2997
Clinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
General Medicine

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