How to format your references using the Molecular Aspects of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Aspects of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Renfrew, C., 2009. Anthropology. Where bacteria and languages concur. Science 323, 467–468.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ward, D.J., MacKay, D.J.C., 2002. Artificial intelligence: fast hands-free writing by gaze direction. Nature 418, 838.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giovannetti, V., Lloyd, S., Maccone, L., 2004. Quantum-enhanced measurements: beating the standard quantum limit. Science 306, 1330–1336.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kota, D.J., DiCarlo, B., Hetz, R.A., Smith, P., Cox, C.S., Jr, Olson, S.D., 2014. Differential MSC activation leads to distinct mononuclear leukocyte binding mechanisms. Sci. Rep. 4, 4565.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Courant, R., McShane, E.J., 1988. Differential and Integral Calculus. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mitescu, M., 2005. Microcontrollers in Practice, Springer Series in Advanced Microelectronics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Fournier-Viger, P., Nkambou, R., Faghihi, U., Nguifo, E.M., 2009. Mining Temporal Patterns to Improve Agents Behavior: Two Case Studies, in: Cao, L. (Ed.), Data Mining and Multi-Agent Integration. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 77–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Aspects of Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. The Science Of Depression [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Federal Communications Commission: Regulatory Fee Process Needs to Be Updated (No. GAO-12-686). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Paulone, S., 2013. Mergers and Acquisitions: Examining Managerial Strategy Connection to Post Transaction Accounting Measures (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2009. A Personal Loss for a Hofstra Alumnus. New York Times B19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Renfrew, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Renfrew, 2009; Ward and MacKay, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ward and MacKay, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Kota et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Aspects of Medicine
AbbreviationMol. Aspects Med.
ISSN (print)0098-2997
Clinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
General Medicine

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