How to format your references using the Modern Phytomorphology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Modern Phytomorphology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sisodia S.S. 2002. Biomedicine. A Cargo Receptor Mystery APParently Solved?. Science 295: 805–807.
A journal article with 2 authors
Podgornaia A.I., Laub M.T. 2015. Protein Evolution. Pervasive Degeneracy and Epistasis in a Protein-Protein Interface. Science 347: 673–677.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dunningham J., Rau A., Burnett K. 2005. From Pedigree Cats to Fluffy-Bunnies. Science 307: 872–875.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Peng P., Chan S.W.-L., Shah G.A., Jacobsen S.E. 2006. Plant Genetics: Increased Outcrossing in Hothead Mutants. Nature 443: E8; discussion E8-9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Isobe K., Watanabe W., Itoh K. 2013. Functional Imaging by Controlled Nonlinear Optical Phenomena. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Tao X. 2012. Group Cell Architecture for Cooperative Communications. (Cui Q., Xu X., Zhang P., eds.) Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Shen L., Peng X., Liu J., Zhao W. 2011. Towards Feature-Oriented Variability Reconfiguration in Dynamic Software Product Lines. In: Schmid K. (ed.),Lecture Notes in Computer Science Top Productivity through Software Reuse: 12th International Conference on Software Reuse, ICSR 2011, Pohang, South Korea, June 13-17, 2011. Proceedings: 52–68 Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Modern Phytomorphology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2013. Video Shows Fire Ants Are Capable of Acting like a Liquid and a Solid. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Concurrent Development and Production of MK-12A Reentry Vehicle. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark M. 2011. How Charter School Teachers Act on Perceived Autonomy: A Qualitative Study of Curricular Decisions.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Crow K. 2000. With Young Rhythm in His Bones, A Drummers’ Drummer Turns 80. New York Times: 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sisodia 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Sisodia 2002; Podgornaia & Laub 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Podgornaia & Laub 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Peng et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleModern Phytomorphology
ISSN (print)2226-3063
ISSN (online)2227-9555

Other styles