How to format your references using the Modern Phytomorphology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Modern Phytomorphology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roy D. 2013. Cascaded Two-Photon Nonlinearity in a One-Dimensional Waveguide with Multiple Two-Level Emitters. Sci. Rep. 3: 2337.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richie T.L., Saul A. 2002. Progress and Challenges for Malaria Vaccines. Nature 415: 694–701.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hunt N., McGrath D., Stergiou N. 2014. The Influence of Auditory-Motor Coupling on Fractal Dynamics in Human Gait. Sci. Rep. 4: 5879.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zeff B.W., Lanterman D.D., McAllister R., Roy R., Kostelich E.J., Lathrop D.P. 2003. Measuring Intense Rotation and Dissipation in Turbulent Flows. Nature 421: 146–149.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lincoln N.B., Kneebone I.I., Macniven J.A.B., Morris R.C. 2011. Psychological Management of Stroke. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Doukidis G.J., Vrechopoulos A.P. (eds.). 2005. Consumer Driven Electronic Transformation: Applying New Technologies to Enthuse Consumers and Transform the Supply Chain. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hill L.G. 2010. Classical Theory of Thermal Criticality. In: Asay B.W. (ed.), Shock Wave Science and Technology Reference Library, Vol. 5: Non-Shock Initiation of Explosives: 129–243 Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Modern Phytomorphology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Penguins Can Only Taste Salty And Sour. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Tax System Modernization: Issues Facing IRS. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu Y. 2013. Analysis on the Distinct Path in a Star Interconnection Network.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. 2008. Case on Police Searches Pits State Laws Against Federal. New York Times: A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Roy 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Richie & Saul 2002; Roy 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richie & Saul 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Zeff et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleModern Phytomorphology
ISSN (print)2226-3063
ISSN (online)2227-9555

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