How to format your references using the Modern Phytomorphology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Modern Phytomorphology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rishbeth H. 2002. High above the Earth. Nature 418: 23.
A journal article with 2 authors
Foster K.R., Ratnieks F.L. 2000. Facultative Worker Policing in a Wasp. Nature 407: 692–693.
A journal article with 3 authors
Caricchi L., Simpson G., Schaltegger U. 2014. Zircons Reveal Magma Fluxes in the Earth’s Crust. Nature 511: 457–461.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pätzold M., Andert T.P., Asmar S.W., Anderson J.D., Barriot J.-P., Bird M.K., Häusler B., Hahn M., Tellmann S., Sierks H., Lamy P., Weiss B.P. 2011. Asteroid 21 Lutetia: Low Mass, High Density. Science 334: 491–492.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Valizadeh P. 2016. Field Effect Transistors, A Comprehensive Overview. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Faigel D.O., Kochman M.L. (eds.). 2006. Endoscopic Oncology: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and Cancer Management. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Köbler U., Hoser A. 2010. Microscopic Processes. In: Hoser A. (ed.),Springer Series in Materials Science Renormalization Group Theory: Impact on Experimental Magnetism: 69–73 Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Modern Phytomorphology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Resveratrol Might Not Be All It’s Cracked Up To Be. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Administration for Children, Youth, and Families: Need To Better Use Its Research Results and Clarify Its Role. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grasis J.A. 2008. Controlling T Lymphocyte Activation with a Molecular Rheostat.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines G.G. 2016. Anniversary Present: 25-Cent Comic Books. New York Times: C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rishbeth 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Foster & Ratnieks 2000; Rishbeth 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Foster & Ratnieks 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Pätzold et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleModern Phytomorphology
ISSN (print)2226-3063
ISSN (online)2227-9555

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