How to format your references using the Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meijer G I 2010 Engineering. Cooling energy-hungry data centers Science 328 318–9
A journal article with 2 authors
Huberman A D and El-Danaf R N 2015 Blindness: Assassins of eyesight Nature 527 456–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Acuña J L, López-Urrutia Á and Colin S 2011 Faking giants: the evolution of high prey clearance rates in jellyfishes Science 333 1627–9
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Ponomarenko L A, Schedin F, Katsnelson M I, Yang R, Hill E W, Novoselov K S and Geim A K 2008 Chaotic Dirac billiard in graphene quantum dots Science 320 356–8

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Verma J P 2016 Sports Research with Analytical Solution Using SPSS® (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc)
An edited book
Luque G 2011 Parallel Genetic Algorithms: Theory and Real World Applications vol 367, ed E Alba (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Catthoor F, Raghavan P, Lambrechts A, Jayapala M, Kritikakou A and Absar J 2010 Clustered L0 (Loop) Buffer Organization and Combination with Data Clusters Ultra-Low Energy Domain-Specific Instruction-Set Processors ed P Raghavan, A Lambrechts, M Jayapala, A Kritikakou and J Absar (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands) pp 115–41

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Carpineti A 2016 Size Doesn’t Matter For Voracious Little Galaxies IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1998 APHIS: Solid Wood Packing Material From China (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carrier T H 2017 Using Grunig’s Situational Theory for Analysis of Frames in Human Trafficking Awareness Organizations’ YouTube Videos Doctoral dissertation ( Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Irving J 2017 It Takes a Commune New York Times BR9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleModelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering
AbbreviationModel. Simul. Mat. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)0965-0393
ISSN (online)1361-651X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Modelling and Simulation
Condensed Matter Physics

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