How to format your references using the Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anglin J 2000 Why trapped atoms are attractive Nature 406 29–30
A journal article with 2 authors
Yi X and Liu C 2014 Retention of cotyledons is crucial for resprouting of clipped oak seedlings Sci. Rep. 4 5145
A journal article with 3 authors
Polyak V, Hill C and Asmerom Y 2008 Age and evolution of the Grand Canyon revealed by U-Pb dating of water table-type speleothems Science 319 1377–80
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Gelhaus H C, Anderson M S, Fisher D A, Flavin M T, Xu Z-Q and Sanford D C 2013 Efficacy of post exposure administration of doxycycline in a murine model of inhalational melioidosis Sci. Rep. 3 1146

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bar-Eli M, Plessner H and Raab M 2011 Judgement, Decision Making and Success in Sport (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
David R 2010 Discrete, Continuous, and Hybrid Petri Nets ed H Alla (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Fernández-Jalvo Y and Andrews P 2016 Discoloration and Staining Atlas of Taphonomic Identifications: 1001+ Images of Fossil and Recent Mammal Bone Modification Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology ed P Andrews (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands) pp 155–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Hale T 2016 Watch A Guy Deliberately Get Stung By The “Cow Killer” Ant In The Name Of Science IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1994 Asian Aeronautics: Technology Acquisition Drives Industry Development (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pan A 2017 The Mental Health and Well-Being of College Students in Cambodia Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh M W 2013 S.&P. Seeks Dismissal of U.S. Civil Suit Over Rating of Mortgage Debt New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleModelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering
AbbreviationModel. Simul. Mat. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)0965-0393
ISSN (online)1361-651X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Modelling and Simulation
Condensed Matter Physics

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