How to format your references using the Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bard E 2013 Climate change. Out of the African Humid Period Science 342 808–9
A journal article with 2 authors
Dey S and Joshi A 2006 Stability via asynchrony in Drosophila metapopulations with low migration rates Science 312 434–6
A journal article with 3 authors
Kayukawa T, Tateishi K and Shinoda T 2013 Establishment of a versatile cell line for juvenile hormone signaling analysis in Tribolium castaneum Sci. Rep. 3 1570
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Liu J, Deng Q, Tao D, Yang K, Zhang L, Liang Z and Zhang Y 2014 Preparation of protein imprinted materials by hierarchical imprinting techniques and application in selective depletion of albumin from human serum Sci. Rep. 4 5487

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Trimble M R and George M S 2010 Biological Psychiatry (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Michibata H 2012 Vanadium: Biochemical and Molecular Biological Approaches (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Joarde R and Crundwell N 2009 Basic Patterns of Lung Disease Chest X-Ray in Clinical Practice ed R Joarde and N Crundwell (London: Springer) pp 55–6

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Davis J 2016 Sharks Sense Prey Using Proton-Conducting Jelly IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1994 New Denver Airport: Impact of the Delayed Baggage System (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meyer-Barrett J M 2017 Exercising Their Privilege to Borrow: A Demonstrated Understanding of the Obligation of Student Loans in a Community College Doctoral dissertation ( St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tabor M B W 1995 Media: Publishing; Nobody’s sure what multimedia rights to books are worth. But nobody’s ceding them without a fight New York Times D7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleModelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering
AbbreviationModel. Simul. Mat. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)0965-0393
ISSN (online)1361-651X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Modelling and Simulation
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles