How to format your references using the Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston D 2007 Back to school Nature 446 714
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang L and Anderson D J 2010 Identification of an aggression-promoting pheromone and its receptor neurons in Drosophila Nature 463 227–31
A journal article with 3 authors
Eremtchenko M, Schaefer J A and Tautz F S 2003 Understanding and tuning the epitaxy of large aromatic adsorbates by molecular design Nature 425 602–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Zhang D, Zhang G, Hayden M S, Greenblatt M B, Bussey C, Flavell R A and Ghosh S 2004 A toll-like receptor that prevents infection by uropathogenic bacteria Science 303 1522–6

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lieberman N P 2010 Process Engineering for a Small Planet (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Ahuja R K, Möhring R H and Zaroliagis C D 2009 Robust and Online Large-Scale Optimization: Models and Techniques for Transportation Systems vol 5868 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Frey J, Bird C and Willoughby C 2013 Smart Meeting Spaces for Knowledge Transfer Innovation through Knowledge Transfer 2012 Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies ed R J Howlett, B Gabrys, K Musial-Gabrys and J Roach (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 31–8

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Luntz S 2015 Rings Discovered Around Minor Planet Chiron IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1999 Information Technology: Comments on Proposed OMB Guidance for Implementing the Government Paperwork Elimination Act (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wickramage A S 2013 Analysis of Magnaporthe oryzae homologs of Histoplasma capsulatum RYP genes Doctoral dissertation (Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) L G 2005 National Briefing | Washington: Chunk Of Marble Falls From Supreme Court New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleModelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering
AbbreviationModel. Simul. Mat. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)0965-0393
ISSN (online)1361-651X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Modelling and Simulation
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles