How to format your references using the Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lafferty K D 2010 Microbiology. Interacting parasites Science 330 187–8
A journal article with 2 authors
Hansen D M and Galetti M 2009 Ecology. The forgotten megafauna Science 324 42–3
A journal article with 3 authors
Williams C C, Jan C H and Weissman J S 2014 Targeting and plasticity of mitochondrial proteins revealed by proximity-specific ribosome profiling Science 346 748–51
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Weissmüller J, Viswanath R N, Kramer D, Zimmer P, Würschum R and Gleiter H 2003 Charge-induced reversible strain in a metal Science 300 312–5

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety 1998 Guidelines for Safe Warehousing of Chemicals (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Ghasemi A 2012 Propagation Engineering in Wireless Communications ed A Abedi and F Ghasemi (New York, NY: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Akbarinia R, Tlili M, Pacitti E, Valduriez P and Lima A A B 2010 Continuous Timestamping for Efficient Replication Management in DHTs Data Management in Grid and Peer-to-Peer Systems: Third International Conference, Globe 2010, Bilbao, Spain, September 1-2, 2010. Proceedings ed A Hameurlain, F Morvan and A M Tjoa (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 38–49

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014 Study Indicates Pregnancy Stress Can Affect Four Generations IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2005 DOD Business Systems Modernization: Important Progress Made in Establishing Foundational Architecture Products and Investment Management Practices, but Much Work Remains (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Little J L 2014 The effects of a financial literacy intervention on teachers’ financial literacy, awareness, and advocacy Doctoral dissertation (Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McGEEHAN P and Santora M 2016 Chaos and Terror for Commuters After Train ‘Flew Through the Air’ New York Times A25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleModelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering
AbbreviationModel. Simul. Mat. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)0965-0393
ISSN (online)1361-651X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Modelling and Simulation
Condensed Matter Physics

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