How to format your references using the Mobile Networks and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mobile Networks and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Penn RB (2015) Physiology. Calcilytics for asthma relief. Science 348:398–399
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Buzsáki G, Draguhn A (2004) Neuronal oscillations in cortical networks. Science 304:1926–1929
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Khashan SA, Alazzam A, Furlani EP (2014) Computational analysis of enhanced magnetic bioseparation in microfluidic systems with flow-invasive magnetic elements. Sci Rep 4:5299
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Abbamonte P, Venema L, Rusydi A, et al (2002) A structural probe of the doped holes in cuprate superconductors. Science 297:581–584

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Fullman SH (2010) Increasing Alpha with Options. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Mathew J, Shafik RA, Pradhan DK (2014) Energy-Efficient Fault-Tolerant Systems. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Liu J-Q, Nakano T (2009) Quantitative Analysis of the Feedback of the Robust Signaling Pathway Network of Myosin V Molecular Motors on GluR1 of AMPA in Neurons: A Networking Approach for Controlling Nanobiomachines. In: Schmid A, Goel S, Wang W, et al (eds) Nano-Net: 4th International ICST Conference, Nano-Net 2009, Lucerne, Switzerland, October 18-20, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 34–38

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mobile Networks and Applications.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D (2016) Protect Your Privacy During Turbulent Times: A Hacker’s Guide To Being Cyber-Safe. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/protect-your-privacy-during-turbulent-times-a-hackers-guide-to-being-cybersafe/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2015) Information Technology: Management Needs to Address Reporting of IRS Investments’ Cost, Schedule, and Scope Information. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Shelton-Quinn A (2009) Increasing positive peer reporting and on -task behavior using a peer monitoring interdependent group contingency program with public posting. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
(nyt) SK (2003) World Briefing | Asia: Malaysia: Warplanes From Russia. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMobile Networks and Applications
AbbreviationMob. Netw. Appl.
ISSN (print)1383-469X
ISSN (online)1572-8153
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems
Software

Other styles