How to format your references using the Minerva Medica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Minerva Medica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Triendl R. Reactor refit ignites debate on Japan’s fusion strategy. Nature. 2000 Oct 5;407(6804):549.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rainey PB, Rainey K. Evolution of cooperation and conflict in experimental bacterial populations. Nature. 2003 Sep 4;425(6953):72–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nilewski C, Geisser RW, Carreira EM. Total synthesis of a chlorosulpholipid cytotoxin associated with seafood poisoning. Nature. 2009 Jan 29;457(7229):573–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Borneman AR, Gianoulis TA, Zhang ZD, Yu H, Rozowsky J, Seringhaus MR, et al. Divergence of transcription factor binding sites across related yeast species. Science. 2007 Aug 10;317(5839):815–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lesca H, Lesca N. Strategic Decisions and Weak Signals. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Ibarrarán ME. Hacia el futuro: Energy, Economics, and the Environment in 21st Century Mexico. Boyd R, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. XIV, 236 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lefèvre J, Baillet S. Estimation of Velocity Fields and Propagation on Non-Euclidian Domains: Application to the Exploration of Cortical Spatiotemporal Dynamics. In: Ammari H, editor. Mathematical Modeling in Biomedical Imaging I: Electrical and Ultrasound Tomographies, Anomaly Detection, and Brain Imaging. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 203–26. (Lecture Notes in Mathematics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Minerva Medica.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. What Are Fundamental Particles? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. D.C. Tuition Assistance Grants: Program May Increase College Choices, but a Few Program Procedures May Hinder Grant Receipt for Some Residents. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Dec. Report No.: GAO-02-265.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Fetterolf-Klein S. Teacher leadership practices, supports and challenges in implementation of the common core high school math standards [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sisario B. Green Day Is No. 1. New York Times. 2016 Oct 17;C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMinerva Medica
AbbreviationMinerva Med.
ISSN (print)0026-4806
ISSN (online)1827-1669
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles