How to format your references using the Brazilian Journal of Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Journal of Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegel JS. Materials chemistry: carbon origami. Nature. 2012;486(7403):327-328.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richardson AJ, Poloczanska ES. Ocean science. Under-resourced, under threat. Science. 2008;320(5881):1294-1295.
A journal article with 3 authors
Conway SL, Shinbrot T, Glasser BJ. A Taylor vortex analogy in granular flows. Nature. 2004;431(7007):433-437.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kim HD, Yun MJ, Lee JH, Kim KH, Kim TG. Transparent multi-level resistive switching phenomena observed in ITO/RGO/ITO memory cells by the sol-gel dip-coating method. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4614.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young S, Smith J. Helping Children with ADHD. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Rubin A. Mathematical Biophysics. (Riznichenko G, ed.). Springer US; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Dechant PP. A 3D Spinorial View of 4D Exceptional Phenomena. In: Širáň J, Jajcay R, eds. Symmetries in Graphs, Maps, and Polytopes: 5th SIGMAP Workshop, West Malvern, UK, July 2014. Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer International Publishing; 2016:81-95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Journal of Microbiology.

Blog post
Andrew E. First “Super Moon” Of The Year Will Be Visible July 12. IFLScience. Published July 12, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.“super-moon”-year-will-be-visible-july-12/


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security Research: Coordination Needed in Selecting and Implementing Infrastructure Vulnerability Assessments. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mullin Piette AJ. Dialogic Encounters among Health Care Providers in Pediatric Critical Care: A Qualitative, Collective Case Study. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Turning Green, Schools Lead in Solar Energy. New York Times. March 4, 2007:LI11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Journal of Microbiology
AbbreviationBraz. J. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1517-8382

Other styles