How to format your references using the Brazilian Journal of Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Journal of Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Pace NR. Time for a change. Nature. 2006;441(7091):289.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Brivanlou AH, Darnell JE Jr. Signal transduction and the control of gene expression. Science. 2002;295(5556):813-818.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Iwata M, Hiyama A, Otaki JM. System-dependent regulations of colour-pattern development: a mutagenesis study of the pale grass blue butterfly. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2379.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Spruck CH, de Miguel MP, Smith APL, et al. Requirement of Cks2 for the first metaphase/anaphase transition of mammalian meiosis. Science. 2003;300(5619):647-650.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Prydie D, Hewitt I. Practical Physiotherapy for Small Animal Practice. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Zheng R. Sequential Learning and Decision-Making in Wireless Resource Management. (Hua C, ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Evans K. Tacit Skills and Occupational Mobility in a Global Culture. In: Zajda J, Freeman K, Geo-Jaja M, Majhanovic S, Rust V, Zajda R, eds. International Handbook on Globalisation, Education and Policy Research: Global Pedagogies and Policies. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005:65-83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Journal of Microbiology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. North Americans Were Salmon Fishing 11,500 Years Ago. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/north-americans-were-salmon-fishing-11500-years-ago/. Published September 21, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Freight Railroads: Updated Information on Rates and Other Industry Trends. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Koonin LM. Acceptability of pharmacies serving as primary dispensers of antiviral drugs during an influenza pandemic: Perspectives of pharmacy executives. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Lyman R, Walsh MW. Public Pension Tabs Multiply as States Defer Costs and Hard Choices. New York Times. February 24, 2014:A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Journal of Microbiology
AbbreviationBraz. J. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1517-8382
ScopeMicrobiology

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