How to format your references using the Brazilian Journal of Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Journal of Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kasting JF. Earth history. The rise of atmospheric oxygen. Science. 2001;293(5531):819-820.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carter NJ, Cross RA. Mechanics of the kinesin step. Nature. 2005;435(7040):308-312.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alexander RB, Smith RA, Schwarz GE. Effect of stream channel size on the delivery of nitrogen to the Gulf of Mexico. Nature. 2000;403(6771):758-761.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tan HL, Kupershmidt S, Zhang R, et al. A calcium sensor in the sodium channel modulates cardiac excitability. Nature. 2002;415(6870):442-447.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cayoun BA. Mindfulness-Integrated CBT for Well-Being and Personal Growth. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Font-Llagunes JM, ed. Multibody Dynamics: Computational Methods and Applications. Vol 42. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Fuller B, Hamlin A. Unifying Leakage Classes: Simulatable Leakage and Pseudoentropy. In: Lehmann A, Wolf S, eds. Information Theoretic Security: 8th International Conference, ICITS 2015, Lugano, Switzerland, May 2-5, 2015. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:69-86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Journal of Microbiology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Infections Of The Mind: Why Anti-Vaxxers Just ‘Know’ They’re Right. IFLScience. Published March 23, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Grant Programs: Design Features Shape Flexibility, Accountability, and Performance Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mani V. Empirical study of link between operations and financial performance for retailers. 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr. Not Guilty, at Least Here, Lawyer Says. New York Times. March 8, 2017:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Journal of Microbiology
AbbreviationBraz. J. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1517-8382

Other styles