How to format your references using the Brazilian Journal of Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Journal of Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Metcalfe DB. Climate science: A sink down under. Nature. 2014;509(7502):566-567.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ignés-Mullol J, Schwartz DK. Shear-induced molecular precession in a hexatic Langmuir monolayer. Nature. 2001;410(6826):348-351.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xuereb A, Ulbricht H, Paternostro M. Optomechanical interface for probing matter-wave coherence. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3378.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mukherjee S, Keitany G, Li Y, et al. Yersinia YopJ acetylates and inhibits kinase activation by blocking phosphorylation. Science. 2006;312(5777):1211-1214.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martin-Flatin J-P. Web-Based Management of IP Networks and Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2002.
An edited book
Feenberg A, Friesen N, eds. (Re)Inventing The Internet: Critical Case Studies. SensePublishers; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Hendricks VF, Hansen PG. Informational Cascades and Lemmings. In: Hansen PG, ed. Infostorms: Why Do We “like”? Explaining Individual Behavior on the Social Net. Springer International Publishing; 2016:61-82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Journal of Microbiology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Chemical Extracted From Broccoli Sprouts May Help Ease Autism Symptoms. IFLScience. Published October 14, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Trust Fund: Options for Improving Sustainability and Mechanisms to Manage Solvency. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kutash M. The Relationship Between Nurses’ Emotional Intelligence and Patient Outcomes. Published online 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kang C, de la MERCED MJ. AT&T’s Blockbuster Bid For Time Warner Is in Limbo. New York Times. July 9, 2017:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Journal of Microbiology
AbbreviationBraz. J. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1517-8382

Other styles