How to format your references using the Mine Water and the Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mine Water and the Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crow JM (2012) Obesity: insensitive issue. Nature 486:S12-3
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee J-Y, Jameson SC (2012) Immunology. Remembering to be tolerant. Science 335:667–668
A journal article with 3 authors
Marangon DG, Vallone G, Villoresi P (2014) Random bits, true and unbiased, from atmospheric turbulence. Sci Rep 4:5490
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Holmes KC, Angert I, Kull FJ, et al (2003) Electron cryo-microscopy shows how strong binding of myosin to actin releases nucleotide. Nature 425:423–427

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Noar J (2014) Interceptive Orthodontics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Jia L, Liu Z, Qin Y, et al (eds) (2016) Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Electrical and Information Technologies for Rail Transportation: Electrical Traction, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Cherney D, Kurauchi Y, McIntosh A (2015) The Connecticut River Watershed: Using Adaptive Governance Arenas for Collaboration and Integration. In: Clark SG, Hohl AM, Picard CH, Thomas E (eds) Large-Scale Conservation in the Common Interest. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 55–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mine Water and the Environment.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) Solar Activity Is Responsible For Ceres’ Temporary Atmosphere. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Charter Schools: Education Could Do More to Assist Charter Schools with Applying for Discretionary Grants. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salmons I (2017) Best Practices for Managing Burnout in Attorneys. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2011) A Fly on the Wall In the Inner Sanctum Of American Soccer. New York Times B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crow 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Lee and Jameson 2012; Crow 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Jameson 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Holmes et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleMine Water and the Environment
AbbreviationMine Water Environ.
ISSN (print)1025-9112
ISSN (online)1616-1068
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Water Science and Technology

Other styles