How to format your references using the Mine Water and the Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mine Water and the Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petherick A (2012) Environment and genetics: Making sense of the noise. Nature 485:S64-5
A journal article with 2 authors
Zuber MT, Garrick-Bethell I (2005) Planetary science. What do we need to know to land on the Moon again? Science 310:983–985
A journal article with 3 authors
Law RM, Matear RJ, Francey RJ (2008) Comment on “Saturation of the southern ocean CO2 sink due to recent climate change.” Science 319:570; author reply 570
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Norkko A, Villnäs A, Norkko J, et al (2013) Size matters: implications of the loss of large individuals for ecosystem function. Sci Rep 3:2646

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waye JD, Aisenberg J, Rubin PH (2013) Practical Colonoscopy. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK
An edited book
Stoeglehner G (2016) Integrated Spatial and Energy Planning: Supporting Climate Protection and the Energy Turn with Means of Spatial Planning. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Bai H, Wang A, Zhao Y, et al (2011) Algorithms of DVC. In: Wang A, Zhao Y, Pan J-S, Abraham A (eds) Distributed Multiple Description Coding: Principles, Algorithms and Systems. Springer, London, pp 115–164

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mine Water and the Environment.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Lessons From Cuba on Eliminating the Transmission of HIV From Mother to Child. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Catalog of Human Resource Development Activities, 1988. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wansapura AN (2010) The role of alpha sodium,potassium-ATPase isoforms in mediating cardiac hypertrophy in response to endogenous cardiotonic steroids. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2003) Reclaiming a Shabby Block of Maritime History. New York Times 147

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Petherick 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Zuber and Garrick-Bethell 2005; Petherick 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zuber and Garrick-Bethell 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Norkko et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMine Water and the Environment
AbbreviationMine Water Environ.
ISSN (print)1025-9112
ISSN (online)1616-1068
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Water Science and Technology

Other styles