How to format your references using the Mine Water and the Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mine Water and the Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mandavilli A (2004) Struggling to make an impact. Nature 430:935
A journal article with 2 authors
Reysenbach A-L, Shock E (2002) Merging genomes with geochemistry in hydrothermal ecosystems. Science 296:1077–1082
A journal article with 3 authors
Peltier WR, Liu Y, Crowley JW (2007) Snowball Earth prevention by dissolved organic carbon remineralization. Nature 450:813–818
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mendil J, Nieves P, Chubykalo-Fesenko O, et al (2014) Resolving the role of femtosecond heated electrons in ultrafast spin dynamics. Sci Rep 4:3980

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rogstad DH, Mileant A, Pham TT (2005) Antenna Arraying Techniques in the Deep Space Network. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Nagase H (ed) (2011) Chemistry of Opioids. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Levin RJ (2011) Physiology of Orgasm. In: Mulhall JP, Incrocci L, Goldstein I, Rosen R (eds) Cancer and Sexual Health. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 35–49

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mine Water and the Environment.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Scientists Create Synthetic Ribosome. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) National Airspace System: Persistent Problems in FAA’s New Navigation System Highlight Need for Periodic Reevaluation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Neil S (2012) A turn from the worst: Leadership influences on the successful turnaround of a high-poverty school. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2011) Back to Brooklyn for a U.S. Eagle. New York Times SP10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mandavilli 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Reysenbach and Shock 2002; Mandavilli 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reysenbach and Shock 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Mendil et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMine Water and the Environment
AbbreviationMine Water Environ.
ISSN (print)1025-9112
ISSN (online)1616-1068
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Water Science and Technology

Other styles