How to format your references using the Mindfulness citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mindfulness. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Miller, A. F. (2007). Materials science. Exploiting wrinkle formation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5838), 605–606.
A journal article with 2 authors
Long, M. A., & Fee, M. S. (2008). Using temperature to analyse temporal dynamics in the songbird motor pathway. Nature, 456(7219), 189–194.
A journal article with 3 authors
Royle, N. J., Hartley, I. R., & Parker, G. A. (2002). Sexual conflict reduces offspring fitness in zebra finches. Nature, 416(6882), 733–736.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tong, L., Pakizeh, T., Feuz, L., & Dmitriev, A. (2013). Highly directional bottom-up 3D nanoantenna for visible light. Scientific reports, 3, 2311.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blair, R., & Regenstein, J. M. (2015). Genetic Modification and Food Quality. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hertl, M. (Ed.). (2011). Autoimmune Diseases of the Skin: Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, Management (3rd ed.). Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Higuchi, Y., & Hisamatsu, T. (2016). Light Acts as a Signal for Regulation of Growth and Development. In T. Kozai, K. Fujiwara, & E. S. Runkle (Eds.), LED Lighting for Urban Agriculture (pp. 57–73). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mindfulness.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, May 31). Humans May Have Traded Brawn for Brains. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Biotechnology Regulation (No. RCED-92-217R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Konzem, S. R. (2017). Tenability and Computability of Generalized Pólya Urns (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. (2017, September 21). Tax Reform for the Wealthy: Lower Rates but Lose Breaks. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Miller 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Long and Fee 2008; Miller 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Long and Fee 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Tong et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMindfulness
AbbreviationMindfulness (N. Y.)
ISSN (print)1868-8527
ISSN (online)1868-8535
ScopeApplied Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Psychology
Health(social science)

Other styles