How to format your references using the Mindfulness citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mindfulness. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rakic, P. (2001). Neurobiology. Neurocreationism--making new cortical maps. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5544), 1011–1012.
A journal article with 2 authors
Orton, G. S., & Yanamandra-Fisher, P. A. (2005). Saturn’s temperature field from high-resolution middle-infrared imaging. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5710), 696–698.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rubin, K. H., Fletcher, C. H., 3rd, & Sherman, C. (2000). Fossiliferous Lana’i deposits formed by multiple events rather than a single giant tsunami. Nature, 408(6813), 675–681.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nguyen, T., Sutton, A. D., Brynda, M., Fettinger, J. C., Long, G. J., & Power, P. P. (2005). Synthesis of a stable compound with fivefold bonding between two chromium(I) centers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5749), 844–847.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prutchi, D., & Norris, M. (2004). Design and Development of Medical Electronic Instrumentation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tymieniecka, A.-T. (Ed.). (2011). Destiny, the Inward Quest, Temporality and Life (Vol. 109). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Biryukov, A., Bouillaguet, C., & Khovratovich, D. (2014). Cryptographic Schemes Based on the ASASA Structure: Black-Box, White-Box, and Public-Key (Extended Abstract). In P. Sarkar & T. Iwata (Eds.), Advances in Cryptology – ASIACRYPT 2014: 20th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security, Kaoshiung, Taiwan, R.O.C., December 7-11, 2014. Proceedings, Part I (pp. 63–84). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mindfulness.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, March 19). Sea anemone genetics are surprisingly plant-like. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Sole-Source Contract Awards for Assembly of Radio Communication Systems, AN/GRC-142 (No. B-165004). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gada, K. K. (2015). Numerical analyses of passive and active flow control over a micro air vehicle with an optimized airfoil (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ryerson, J. (2017, June 30). University Presses. New York Times, p. BR27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rakic 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Orton and Yanamandra-Fisher 2005; Rakic 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Orton and Yanamandra-Fisher 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Nguyen et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleMindfulness
AbbreviationMindfulness (N. Y.)
ISSN (print)1868-8527
ISSN (online)1868-8535
ScopeApplied Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Psychology
Health(social science)

Other styles