How to format your references using the Mindfulness citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mindfulness. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eberhard, W. G. (2000). Spider manipulation by a wasp larva. Nature, 406(6793), 255–256.
A journal article with 2 authors
Downer, M., & Zgadzaj, R. (2014). Accelerator physics: Surf’s up at SLAC. Nature, 515(7525), 40–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
Benham-Pyle, B. W., Pruitt, B. L., & Nelson, W. J. (2015). Cell adhesion. Mechanical strain induces E-cadherin-dependent Yap1 and β-catenin activation to drive cell cycle entry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6238), 1024–1027.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bao, H., Campbell, D. A., Bockheim, J. G., & Thiemens, M. H. (2000). Origins of sulphate in Antarctic dry-valley soils as deduced from anomalous 17O compositions. Nature, 407(6803), 499–502.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee Abbott, M., & McKinney, J. (2012). Understanding and Applying Research Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jorge, A. M., Torgo, L., Brazdil, P., Camacho, R., & Gama, J. (Eds.). (2005). Knowledge Discovery in Databases: PKDD 2005: 9th European Conference on Principles and Practice of Knowledge Discovery in Databases, Porto, Portugal, October 3-7, 2005. Proceedings (Vol. 3721). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Borchard, M. (2011). The Germans and the crisis: which perceptions? In T. Chopin & M. Foucher (Eds.), Schuman Report on Europe: State of the Union 2011 (pp. 44–45). Paris: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mindfulness.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, May 15). Zika Infections During Rio 2016 Olympic Games Could Create A “Full-Blown Global Health Disaster.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Environmental Protection: Rocket Tests in Mississippi to Be Heavily Restricted (No. NSIAD-92-86). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bravo, M. (2015). The development of a viable business plan: Analytics of 30 day readmission rates for hospitals and ancillary services (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2000, December 31). Pool, Gym or a Bit of Both? Neighbors Mull the Options. New York Times, p. 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eberhard 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Downer and Zgadzaj 2014; Eberhard 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Downer and Zgadzaj 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bao et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleMindfulness
AbbreviationMindfulness (N. Y.)
ISSN (print)1868-8527
ISSN (online)1868-8535
ScopeApplied Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Psychology
Health(social science)

Other styles