How to format your references using the Microbiome citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microbiome. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Marra J. When will we tame the oceans? Nature. 2005;436:175–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. González J, Petrov D. Genetics. MITEs--the ultimate parasites. Science. 2009;325:1352–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Xiang GY, Hofmann HF, Pryde GJ. Optimal multi-photon phase sensing with a single interference fringe. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2684.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. van Schaik CP, Ancrenaz M, Borgen G, Galdikas B, Knott CD, Singleton I, et al. Orangutan cultures and the evolution of material culture. Science. 2003;299:102–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Matloff R, Chaillou JH. Nonprofit Investment and Development Solutions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Yadav SS, Redden R, editors. Climate Change and Management of Cool Season Grain Legume Crops. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lakhani AD, Yang EY, Matthews B, Johnson I, Naqvi S, Silaghi GC. Threat Analysis and Attacks on XtreemOS: a Grid–enabled Operating System. In: Priol T, Vanneschi M, editors. Towards Next Generation Grids: Proceedings of the CoreGRID Symposium 2007. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007. p. 53–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microbiome.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Memetics And The Science Of Going Viral [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/memetics-and-the-science-of-going-viral/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Digital Television Transition: Questions on the DTV Converter Box Subsidy Program and a DTV Inter-Agency Task Force. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Nov. Report No.: GAO-08-297R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. McAlpine TE. College students and career: An exploration of vocational anticipatory socialization [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kishkovsky S. Bolshoi Theater to Undergo Major Reconstruction. New York Times. 2005 Mar 5;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrobiome
AbbreviationMicrobiome
ISSN (online)2049-2618
Scope

Other styles