How to format your references using the Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews (MMBR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Liu Z. 2011. Atmospheric science. Glacial cycles and Indian monsoon--a southern push. Science 333:706–708.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Pacala S, Socolow R. 2004. Stabilization wedges: solving the climate problem for the next 50 years with current technologies. Science 305:968–972.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Muheim R, Phillips JB, Akesson S. 2006. Polarized light cues underlie compass calibration in migratory songbirds. Science 313:837–839.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Hosten O, Rakher MT, Barreiro JT, Peters NA, Kwiat PG. 2006. Counterfactual quantum computation through quantum interrogation. Nature 439:949–952.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Gardner S, Birley S. 2010. Blogging for Dummies®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
1.
2014. Advances in Mathematical Economics Volume 18. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lavretsky E, Wise KA. 2013. State Feedback H∞ Optimal Control, p. 73–96. In Wise, KA (ed.), Robust and Adaptive Control: With Aerospace Applications. Springer, London.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. 2016. Getting Married On Valentine’s Day? You’re More Likely To Get Divorced, Claims Study. IFLScience. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Improving Federal Performance in the Information Age: Issues and Opportunities--Fiscal Years 1996-98. IAP-95-29. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Whitehead CF. 2010. Teacher perceptions of the effects of parentification on social interactions in the school setting. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Barron J. 2017. Son of Sam Detective Realized ‘This Has Got to Be the Guy.’ New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrobiology and Molecular Biology Reviews
AbbreviationMicrobiol. Mol. Biol. Rev.
ISSN (print)1092-2172
ISSN (online)1098-5557
ScopeMolecular Biology
General Immunology and Microbiology

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