How to format your references using the Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. O’shea TJ. PCBs Not to Blame. Science. 2000;288:1965d–6d.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Collen B, Nicholson E. Conservation. Taking the measure of change. Science. 2014;346:166–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Li Y-L, Kinloch IA, Windle AH. Direct spinning of carbon nanotube fibers from chemical vapor deposition synthesis. Science. 2004;304:276–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Dhanasekaran SM, Barrette TR, Ghosh D, Shah R, Varambally S, Kurachi K, et al. Delineation of prognostic biomarkers in prostate cancer. Nature. 2001;412:822–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Reiss E, Shadomy HJ, Lyon GM III. Fundamental Medical Mycology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Gero JS, editor. Studying Visual and Spatial Reasoning for Design Creativity. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Akbari CM. Clinical Features and Diagnosis of Peripheral Arterial Disease. In: Veves A, Giurini JM, LoGerfo FW, editors. The Diabetic Foot: Medical and Surgical Management. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2012. p. 75–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Meet Nature’s Weirdest, Freakiest Vampires [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Next Generation Air Transportation System: FAA Faces Implementation Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Sep. Report No.: GAO-12-1011T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Conill AL. Dosimetric consequences of the parotid glands using CT-to-CBCT deformable registration during IMRT for late stage head and neck cancers [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Higgins A. $24 Million Insurance Paid on Stolen Art. New York Times. 2013 Sep 11;A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJapanese Journal of Ophthalmology
AbbreviationJpn. J. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)0021-5155
ISSN (online)1613-2246
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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