How to format your references using the Microbial Cell Factories citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microbial Cell Factories. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Whitfield J. Alien-hunters get scope to search. Nature. 2003;422:249.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wu C-C, Chen C-C. The symmetry detection mechanisms are color selective. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3893.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Stach S, Benard J, Giurfa M. Local-feature assembling in visual pattern recognition and generalization in honeybees. Nature. 2004;429:758–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Brohawn SG, Leksa NC, Spear ED, Rajashankar KR, Schwartz TU. Structural evidence for common ancestry of the nuclear pore complex and vesicle coats. Science. 2008;322:1369–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Otto M. Chemometrics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
1. Srivastava S, editor. Biomarker Discovery in the Developing World: Dissecting the Pipeline for Meeting the Challenges. New Delhi: Springer India; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gurvits L. On multivariate Newton-like inequalities. In: Kotsireas IS, Zima EV, editors. Advances in Combinatorial Mathematics: Proceedings of the Waterloo Workshop in Computer Algebra 2008. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 61–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microbial Cell Factories.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Four Wildlife Rangers Murdered By Poachers [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/poachers-kill-rangers-protecting-wild-elephants/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telephone Communications: Controlling Cross-Subsidy Between Regulated and Competitive Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 Oct. Report No.: RCED-88-34.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Cox AM. Functional Gain and Change Mechanisms in Post-Production Complex Systems [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Kelly M. No Headline. New York Times. 1992 Nov 29;126.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrobial Cell Factories
AbbreviationMicrob. Cell Fact.
ISSN (online)1475-2859
ScopeBiotechnology
Bioengineering
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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