How to format your references using the Microbial Cell Factories citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microbial Cell Factories. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Patel DJ. RNA. Complete pairing not needed. Science. 2014;346:542–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Chavis P, Westbrook G. Integrins mediate functional pre- and postsynaptic maturation at a hippocampal synapse. Nature. 2001;411:317–21.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Friedmann T, Rabin O, Frankel MS. Ethics. Gene doping and sport. Science. 2010;327:647–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kodambaka S, Tersoff J, Reuter MC, Ross FM. Germanium nanowire growth below the eutectic temperature. Science. 2007;316:729–32.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Henderson GR. Six Sigma Quality Improvement with Minitab. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1. Gimel’farb G, Hancock E, Imiya A, Kuijper A, Kudo M, Omachi S, et al., editors. Structural, Syntactic, and Statistical Pattern Recognition: Joint IAPR International Workshop, SSPR&SPR 2012, Hiroshima, Japan, November 7-9, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Tsuruyama T, Yamanaka N, Kuwana K, Masamune K, Kim K, Dohi T. Polarizing Beam Splitter Endoscope for Simultaneously Observing Front and Lateral View. In: Dohi T, Liao H, editors. Computer Aided Surgery: 7th Asian Conference on Computer Aided Surgery, Bangkok, Thailand, August 2011, Proceedings. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2012. p. 29–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microbial Cell Factories.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Gorgeous New Hubble Image Of Cosmic Butterfly Wings. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Better Management of Interdependencies between Programs Supporting 2020 Census Is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Aug. Report No.: GAO-16-623.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mathes MD. Exploring Factors That Enabled Financial Advisors and Their Firms to Improve Professional Performance After 2008 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Saslow L. For $37.5 Million, the Piano Man’s Estate. New York Times. 2006 Oct 7;LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrobial Cell Factories
AbbreviationMicrob. Cell Fact.
ISSN (online)1475-2859
ScopeBiotechnology
Bioengineering
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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