How to format your references using the Microbial Cell Factories citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microbial Cell Factories. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Palese P. Don’t censor life-saving science. Nature. 2012;481:115.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lu Q, Lemke G. Homeostatic regulation of the immune system by receptor tyrosine kinases of the Tyro 3 family. Science. 2001;293:306–11.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Min S-K, Zhang X, Zwiers F. Human-induced Arctic moistening. Science. 2008;320:518–20.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. DiLuzio WR, Turner L, Mayer M, Garstecki P, Weibel DB, Berg HC, et al. Escherichia coli swim on the right-hand side. Nature. 2005;435:1271–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bragg SM. The New CFO Financial Leadership Manual. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Ebert C. Software Measurement: Establish — Extract — Evaluate — Execute. Dumke R, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Dragon A, Nadot-Martin C, Fanget A. MULTISCALE MODELLING FOR DAMAGED VISCOELASTIC PARTICULATE COMPOSITES. In: Sadowski T, editor. IUTAM Symposium on Multiscale Modelling of Damage and Fracture Processes in Composite Materials: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held in Kazimierz Dolny, Poland, 23–27 May 2005. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. p. 33–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microbial Cell Factories.

Blog post
1. Fang J. New Fossil Suggests We Had A Gibbon-Like Early Ancestor. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Status of Emergency and State and Local Law Enforcement Systems Is Still Unknown. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Apr. Report No.: T-AIMD-99-163.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Brown ML. Examining leadership and the laminated glass ceiling: Gender and leadership traits [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Political Week; Clinton Basks in Glow Of Easy Lead in Race. New York Times. 1992 Oct 13;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrobial Cell Factories
AbbreviationMicrob. Cell Fact.
ISSN (online)1475-2859
ScopeBiotechnology
Bioengineering
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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