How to format your references using the Microbial Cell Factories citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microbial Cell Factories. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Forró L. NANOTECHNOLOGY: Beyond Gedanken Experiments. Science. 2000;289:560–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Finkelstein I, Piasetzky E. Comment on “14C dates from Tel Rehov: Iron-Age chronology, pharaohs, and Hebrew kings.” Science. 2003;302:568; author reply 568.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Adilakshmi T, Bellur DL, Woodson SA. Concurrent nucleation of 16S folding and induced fit in 30S ribosome assembly. Nature. 2008;455:1268–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zurbuchen TH, Raines JM, Slavin JA, Gershman DJ, Gilbert JA, Gloeckler G, et al. MESSENGER observations of the spatial distribution of planetary ions near Mercury. Science. 2011;333:1862–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. McLeish B. Successful Marketing Strategies for Nonprofit Organizations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Bora PK, Prasanna SRM, Sarma KK, Saikia N, editors. Advances in Communication and Computing. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Freudenburg WR, Gramling R, Laska S, Erikson KT. The Growth Machine Comes to New Orleans. In: Gramling R, Laska S, Erikson KT, editors. Catastrophe in the Making: The Engineering of Katrina and the Disasters of Tomorrow. Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics; 2012. p. 55–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microbial Cell Factories.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Why Meteors Light Up The Night Sky. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Agencies and OMB Should Strengthen Processes for Identifying and Overseeing High Risk Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Jun. Report No.: GAO-06-647.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Nam S. A method for teaching jazz improvisation to beginning pianists in a group setting [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Billard M. Built Upon A Link Worth Noting. New York Times. 2010 May 6;E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrobial Cell Factories
AbbreviationMicrob. Cell Fact.
ISSN (online)1475-2859
ScopeBiotechnology
Bioengineering
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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