How to format your references using the Microbial Cell Factories citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microbial Cell Factories. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. May R. Tony Blair’s era: good news, bad news. Nature. 2007;447:1053.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hewak D, Gholipour B. Materials science. Primed to remember. Science. 2012;336:1515–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Tuljapurkar S, Li N, Boe C. A universal pattern of mortality decline in the G7 countries. Nature. 2000;405:789–92.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Peng J, Cao D, He Z, Guo J, Hapala P, Ma R, et al. Publisher Correction: The effect of hydration number on the interfacial transport of sodium ions. Nature. 2018;563:E18.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bhattacharyya AK. Phased Array Antennas. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Resch M, Bönisch T, Benkert K, Bez W, Furui T, Seo Y, editors. High Performance Computing on Vector Systems: Proceedings of the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart, March 2005. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Chen G, Bui TD, Krzyzak A. Denoising of Three Dimensional Data Cube Using Bivariate Wavelet Shrinking. In: Campilho A, Kamel M, editors. Image Analysis and Recognition: 7th International Conference, ICIAR 2010, Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal, June 21-23, 2010 Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 45–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microbial Cell Factories.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. 10 Science Jokes for Nerds [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/10-science-jokes-nerds/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Social Security Numbers: SSNs Are Widely Used by Government and Could Be Better Protected. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Apr. Report No.: GAO-02-691T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Blumenfeld DB. Policy Making and the U.S. Response to Global HIV/AIDS [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Williams T, Fernandez M. Victim Posed No Threat to Police, Family Says. New York Times. 2016 Sep 21;A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrobial Cell Factories
AbbreviationMicrob. Cell Fact.
ISSN (online)1475-2859
ScopeBiotechnology
Bioengineering
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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