How to format your references using the Drug Safety citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Safety. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Funk C. We thought trouble was coming. Nature. 2011;476:7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lively CM, Dybdahl MF. Parasite adaptation to locally common host genotypes. Nature. 2000;405:679–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Moore JD, Kirk JA, Hunt T. Unmasking the S-phase-promoting potential of cyclin B1. Science. 2003;300:987–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ye D, Zheng G, Wang J, Wang Z, Qiao S, Huangfu J, et al. Negative group velocity in the absence of absorption resonance. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1628.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gutiérrez Í, Meléndez J, Hernández E. Design and Characterization of Integrated Varactors for RF Applications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2007.
An edited book
1. Allan JD. Stream Ecology: Structure and function of running waters. Castillo MM, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Timmis J, Andrews P. A Beginners Guide to Artificial Immune Systems. In: Flower D, Timmis J, editors. In Silico Immunology. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007. p. 47–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Safety.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Stranded Astronauts Will Return To Earth After Month-Long Delay [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/watch-stranded-astronauts-return-earth/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Committee on Governmental Affairs: Alleged Senate Compromise of NASA Complainant’s Identity. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Jul. Report No.: OSI-94-30.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Valadez I. A psycho-education peer support group for homeless youth: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Self-Representation by the Mentally Ill Is Curbed. New York Times. 2008 Jun 20;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Safety
AbbreviationDrug Saf.
ISSN (print)0114-5916
ISSN (online)1179-1942
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmacology
Toxicology

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