How to format your references using the Age and Ageing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Age and Ageing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Klein CA. Selection and adaptation during metastatic cancer progression. Nature 2013; 501: 365–372.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Neale MJ, Keeney S. Clarifying the mechanics of DNA strand exchange in meiotic recombination. Nature 2006; 442: 153–158.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wang C, Shim M, Guyot-Sionnest P. Electrochromic nanocrystal quantum dots. Science 2001; 291: 2390–2392.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Shimoda T, Matsuki Y, Furusawa M et al. Solution-processed silicon films and transistors. Nature 2006; 440: 783–786.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Garton AF. Exploring Cognitive Development: The Child as Problem Solver. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2008.
An edited book
1.
Kurosu M, ed. Human Centered Design: Second International Conference, HCD 2011, Held as Part of HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Barra M. Pure Iteration and Periodicity. In: Beckmann A, Dimitracopoulos C, Löwe B, editors. Logic and Theory of Algorithms: 4th Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2008, Athens, Greece, June 15-20, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008: 42–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Age and Ageing.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Sharp-toothed tigerfish jumps into the sky to eat birds. IFLScience 2014 https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/sharp-toothed-tigerfish-jumps-sky-eat-birds/ (30 October 2018, date last accessed).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Rural Development: Steps Towards Realizing the Potential of Telecommunications Technologies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Shina YE. Youth under the care of the child welfare and juvenile justice systems: A grant proposal for crossover youth. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sisario B. Taylor Swift’s Single Breaks Spotify Record. New York Times 2017 C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1,2,3,4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAge and Ageing
ISSN (print)0002-0729
ISSN (online)1468-2834
Scope

Other styles