How to format your references using the Age and Ageing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Age and Ageing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ferguson CD. Do not phase out nuclear power - yet. Nature 2011; 471: 411.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Perez JE, Bashirullah AK. Bureaucracy strangles Latin American research. Nature 2000; 405: 273.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pompilio L, Kacelnik A, Behmer ST. State-dependent learned valuation drives choice in an invertebrate. Science 2006; 311: 1613–1615.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Tao J, Liu N, Ma W et al. Solid-state high performance flexible supercapacitors based on polypyrrole-MnO2-carbon fiber hybrid structure. Sci Rep 2013; 3: 2286.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hartfuß H-J, Geist T. Fusion Plasma Diagnostics with mm-Waves. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2013.
An edited book
1.
Jana BK, Majumder M, eds. Impact of Climate Change on Natural Resource Management. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Morinobu S, Tsuji S, Takahashi M et al. Stress Vulnerability Induced by Neonatal Isolation and the Disturbance Between the Phosphorylation and Dephosphorylation of CREB. In: Kato N, Kawata M, Pitman RK, editors. PTSD: Brain Mechanisms and Clinical Implications. Tokyo: Springer Japan, 2006: 37–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Age and Ageing.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. UK Approves ‘3 Parent Baby’ Technique. IFLScience 2015 https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/uk-allows-ivf-using-dna-three-parents/ (30 October 2018, date last accessed).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Training America’s Labor Force: Potential, Progress, and Problems of Vocational Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Huynhle M. High-Fat Diet-Induced Obesity Increases Resilience against Gram-Negative Bacterial Infection in Drosophila Larvae. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Pilon M. Sports Access For Disabled Is Clarified. New York Times 2013 D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1,2,3,4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAge and Ageing
ISSN (print)0002-0729
ISSN (online)1468-2834
Scope

Other styles