How to format your references using the Age and Ageing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Age and Ageing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Sparks S. Use the calm between the storms. Nature 2007; 450: 354.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Matthews HD, Solomon S. Atmosphere. Irreversible does not mean unavoidable. Science 2013; 340: 438–439.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Katsanis SH, Javitt G, Hudson K. Public health. A case study of personalized medicine. Science 2008; 320: 53–54.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Valenzuela SO, Oliver WD, Berns DM, Berggren KK, Levitov LS, Orlando TP. Microwave-induced cooling of a superconducting qubit. Science 2006; 314: 1589–1592.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hens HSLC. Performance Based Building Design 2. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2012.
An edited book
1.
Richardson MJ, Riley MA, Shockley K, eds. Progress in Motor Control: Neural, Computational and Dynamic Approaches. New York, NY: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bruns D, Klebanov V, Schaefer I. Verification of Software Product Lines with Delta-Oriented Slicing. In: Beckert B, Marché C, editors. Formal Verification of Object-Oriented Software: International Conference, FoVeOOS 2010, Paris, France, June 28-30, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011: 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Age and Ageing.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Leonard Nimoy Has Passed Away At Age 83. IFLScience 2015 https://www.iflscience.com/space/leonard-nimoy-has-passed-away-age-83/ (30 October 2018, date last accessed).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Process Used by Department of Education To Award Contracts for Operation of Indian Education Resource and Evaluation Centers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Crozier CF. A qualitative study of teacher job satisfaction in an evolutionary and mandated change environment. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. Justices Explore U.S. Authority Over States on Assisted Suicide. New York Times 2005 A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1,2,3,4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAge and Ageing
ISSN (print)0002-0729
ISSN (online)1468-2834
Scope

Other styles