How to format your references using the Methods in Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Methods in Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weinstock, G.M., 2012. Genomic approaches to studying the human microbiota. Nature 489, 250–256.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sherkow, J.S., Greely, H.T., 2013. Genomics. What if extinction is not forever? Science 340, 32–33.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, Y., Shi, Y., Ding, S., 2008. A chemical approach to stem-cell biology and regenerative medicine. Nature 453, 338–344.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pagnussat, G.C., Alandete-Saez, M., Bowman, J.L., Sundaresan, V., 2009. Auxin-dependent patterning and gamete specification in the Arabidopsis female gametophyte. Science 324, 1684–1689.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heywood, J., 2005. Engineering Education. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Yengoh, G.T., 2016. Use of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) to Assess Land Degradation at Multiple Scales: Current Status, Future Trends, and Practical Considerations, SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kitahara, T., 2010. Mid-level Representations of Musical Audio Signals for Music Information Retrieval, in: Raś, Z.W., Wieczorkowska, A.A. (Eds.), Advances in Music Information Retrieval, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 65–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Methods in Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Stunning, Crystal-Clear Images Of Pluto – But What Do They Mean? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Need To Reexamine JTIDS Requirements and Architecture (No. MASAD-82-28). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Purdioux, L., 2015. Predicting deception detection ability based on the concept of self-compassionate personality trait, openness personality structure, and agreeableness personality structure (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Castle, S., Kanter, J., 2016. Dispute Between Lawmakers Turns Ugly. New York Times A3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weinstock, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Sherkow and Greely, 2013; Weinstock, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sherkow and Greely, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Pagnussat et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMethods in Psychology
ISSN (print)2590-2601

Other styles