How to format your references using the Methods in Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Methods in Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burke, D., 2000. Time for voices to be raised. Nature 405, 509.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scharfman, H.E., Hen, R., 2007. Neuroscience. Is more neurogenesis always better? Science 315, 336–338.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ogawa, Y., Sun, B.K., Lee, J.T., 2008. Intersection of the RNA interference and X-inactivation pathways. Science 320, 1336–1341.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Parteli, E.J.R., Schmidt, J., Blümel, C., Wirth, K.-E., Peukert, W., Pöschel, T., 2014. Attractive particle interaction forces and packing density of fine glass powders. Sci. Rep. 4, 6227.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kroese, D.P., Taimre, T., Botev, Z.I., Rubinstein, R.Y., 2007. Simulation and the Monte Carlo Method: Solutions Manual to Accompany, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Minai, A.A., Braha, D., Bar-Yam, Y. (Eds.), 2012. Unifying Themes in Complex Systems VII: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Complex Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Jürjens, J., Marchal, L., Ochoa, M., Schmidt, H., 2011. Incremental Security Verification for Evolving UMLsec models, in: France, R.B., Kuester, J.M., Bordbar, B., Paige, R.F. (Eds.), Modelling Foundations and Applications: 7th European Conference, ECMFA 2011, Birmingham, UK, June 6 - 9, 2011 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 52–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Methods in Psychology.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Common Infection Linked To Schizophrenia [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Information Technology: Treasury Needs to Better Define and Implement Its Earned Value Management Policy (No. GAO-08-951). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Day, J.P., 2010. Semirelativistic few body problems with matrix continued fraction methods (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. John Leguizamo in Nutty Professor Mode. New York Times C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burke, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Burke, 2000; Scharfman and Hen, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scharfman and Hen, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Parteli et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMethods in Psychology
ISSN (print)2590-2601

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