How to format your references using the Methods in Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Methods in Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lu, S., 2014. Zn2+ blocks annealing of complementary single-stranded DNA in a sequence-selective manner. Sci. Rep. 4, 5464.
A journal article with 2 authors
Züllig, S., Hengartner, M.O., 2004. Cell biology. Tickling macrophages, a serious business. Science 304, 1123–1124.
A journal article with 3 authors
Orlove, B.S., Chiang, J.C., Cane, M.A., 2000. Forecasting Andean rainfall and crop yield from the influence of El Nino on Pleiades visibility. Nature 403, 68–71.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Deng, W., Zhang, Xiujuan, Pan, H., Shang, Q., Wang, J., Zhang, Xiaohong, Zhang, Xiwei, Jie, J., 2014. A high-yield two-step transfer printing method for large-scale fabrication of organic single-crystal devices on arbitrary substrates. Sci. Rep. 4, 5358.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morag, N., 2011. Comparative Homeland Security. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Laghi, A., 2009. Protocolli di studio in TC spirale multistrato: Vol. 2 • Vascolare. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Katsy, E.I., 2014. Plasmid Rearrangements and Changes in Cell-Surface Architecture and Social Behavior of Azospirillum brasilense, in: Katsy, E.I. (Ed.), Plasticity in Plant-Growth-Promoting and Phytopathogenic Bacteria. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 81–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Methods in Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. 49 Health “Facts” You’ve Been Told All Your Life That Are Totally Wrong [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Head Start Programs: Participant Characteristics, Services, and Funding (No. HEHS-98-65). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mills, J., 2017. Catherine of Siena: No Saint Is an Island (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lu, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Lu, 2014; Züllig and Hengartner, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Züllig and Hengartner, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Deng et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMethods in Psychology
ISSN (print)2590-2601

Other styles