How to format your references using the Methods and Applications in Fluorescence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Methods and Applications in Fluorescence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clayton J 2010 Chagas disease: pushing through the pipeline Nature 465 S12-5
A journal article with 2 authors
Rampino M R and Caldeira K 2011 Comment on “Atmospheric PCO₂ perturbations associated with the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province” Science 334 594; author reply 594
A journal article with 3 authors
Erol V, Ozaydin F and Altintas A A 2014 Analysis of entanglement measures and LOCC maximized quantum Fisher information of general two qubit systems Sci. Rep. 4 5422
A journal article with 99 or more authors
van Stelten J, Silva F, Belin D and Silhavy T J 2009 Effects of antibiotics and a proto-oncogene homolog on destruction of protein translocator SecY Science 325 753–6

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morrison T J 2000 Functional Analysis (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
El Naqa I, Li R and Murphy M J 2015 Machine Learning in Radiation Oncology: Theory and Applications (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Hubrig S, Cowley C R, González F and Castelli F 2008 High Resolution Spectroscopy of HgMn stars: A Time of Surprises Precision Spectroscopy in Astrophysics: Proceedings of the ESO/Lisbon/Aveiro Conference held in Aveiro, Portugal, 11–15 September 2006 ESO Astrophysics Symposia ed N C Santos, L Pasquini, A C M Correia and M Romaniello (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 19–20

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Methods and Applications in Fluorescence.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Carcass Of Extremely Rare Megamouth Shark Washes Ashore In The Philippines IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2001 Aviation Competition: Regional Jet Service Yet to Reach Many Small Communities (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rosales J K 2009 California’s three strikes law: A policy analysis Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh M W 2015 Cracks Starting to Appear in Public Pensions’ Armor New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMethods and Applications in Fluorescence
AbbreviationMethods Appl. Fluoresc.
ISSN (online)2050-6120

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