How to format your references using the Methods and Applications in Fluorescence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Methods and Applications in Fluorescence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mackinnon R 2005 Structural biology. Membrane protein insertion and stability Science 307 1425–6
A journal article with 2 authors
Lin C D and Chu W-C 2013 Physics. Controlling atomic line shapes Science 340 694–5
A journal article with 3 authors
Milo A, Bess E N and Sigman M S 2014 Interrogating selectivity in catalysis using molecular vibrations Nature 507 210–4
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Eippert F, Finsterbusch J, Bingel U and Büchel C 2009 Direct evidence for spinal cord involvement in placebo analgesia Science 326 404

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Metzger R M 2012 The Physical Chemist’s Toolbox (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Pardo T A S, Branco A, Klautau A, Vieira R and Lima V L S de 2010 Computational Processing of the Portuguese Language: 9th International Conference, PROPOR 2010, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, April 27-30, 2010. Proceedings vol 6001 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Ghosh P, Bhattacharjee D and Nasipuri M 2015 An Automatic Non-invasive System for Diagnosis of Tuberculosis Applied Computation and Security Systems: Volume One Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing ed R Chaki, K Saeed, S Choudhury and N Chaki (New Delhi: Springer India) pp 59–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Methods and Applications in Fluorescence.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J 2015 Scientists Seek Approval To Genetically Modify Human Embryos IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2012 Early Child Care and Education: HHS and Education Are Taking Steps to Improve Workforce Data and Enhance Worker Quality (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Munim A 2013 Studies on the role of vitamin D in asthma patients from a south Florida pulmonary practice Doctoral dissertation (Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mackay I P 1935 Dogwood at Valley Forge New York Times BOOKS ART22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMethods and Applications in Fluorescence
AbbreviationMethods Appl. Fluoresc.
ISSN (online)2050-6120

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