How to format your references using the Meteorological Monographs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Meteorological Monographs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rohn, J., 2010: Women scientists must speak out. Nature, 468, 733.
A journal article with 2 authors
Merad, M., and H. Salmon, 2015: Cancer: A dendritic-cell brake on antitumour immunity. Nature, 523, 294–295.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ahn, C. H., K. M. Rabe, and J.-M. Triscone, 2004: Ferroelectricity at the nanoscale: local polarization in oxide thin films and heterostructures. Science, 303, 488–491.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Whitman, K., A. M. Starfield, H. S. Quadling, and C. Packer, 2004: Sustainable trophy hunting of African lions. Nature, 428, 175–178.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoffmann, W., 2014: The Economic Competitiveness of Renewable Energy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,.
An edited book
Hutto, C., ed., 2006: Congenital and Perinatal Infections: A Concise Guide to Diagnosis. Humana Press,.
A chapter in an edited book
Féray, V., P.-L. Méliot, and A. Nikeghbali, 2016: An extended deviation result from bounds on cumulants. Mod-ϕ Convergence: Normality Zones and Precise Deviations, P.-L. Méliot and A. Nikeghbali, Eds., SpringerBriefs in Probability and Mathematical Statistics, Springer International Publishing, 51–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Meteorological Monographs.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015: Scarlet Macaw Fossils Reveal When Complex Societies Formed in the American Southwest. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013: Public Transit: FTA’s Process for Overseeing Compliance with Federal Civil Rights Requirements Incorporates Key Federal Practices. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abraham, C., 2017: How Are Nonresident African American Fathers Involved in Their Children’s Academic Success? George Washington University, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O., 2015: When John Lennon Was Starting Over. New York Times, October 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rohn 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Rohn 2010; Merad and Salmon 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Merad and Salmon 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Whitman et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMeteorological Monographs
AbbreviationMeteorol. Monogr.
ISSN (print)0065-9401

Other styles