How to format your references using the Biomolecules citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomolecules. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sudbery, P. Cell biology. When wee meets whi. Science 2002, 297, 351–352.
A journal article with 2 authors
Willis, J.K.; Church, J.A. Climate change. Regional sea-level projection. Science 2012, 336, 550–551.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang, X.; Wang, Y.; Li, M. Selecting water-alcohol mixed solvent for synthesis of polydopamine nano-spheres using solubility parameter. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6070.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Weller, E.; Cai, W.; Min, S.-K.; Wu, L.; Ashok, K.; Yamagata, T. More-frequent extreme northward shifts of eastern Indian Ocean tropical convergence under greenhouse warming. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6087.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ugeux, G. International Finance Regulation; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2014; ISBN 9781118829646.
An edited book
Galtung, J. Johan Galtung: Pioneer of Peace Research; Fischer, D., Ed.; SpringerBriefs on Pioneers in Science and Practice; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; Vol. 5; ISBN 9783642324802.
A chapter in an edited book
Besenbacher, S.; Schwikowski, B.; Stoye, J. Indexing and Searching a Mass Spectrometry Database. In Algorithms and Applications: Essays Dedicated to Esko Ukkonen on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday; Elomaa, T., Mannila, H., Orponen, P., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; pp. 62–76 ISBN 9783642124754.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomolecules.

Blog post
Hale, T. Watch As The Moon “Photobombs” A NASA Satellite’s View Of Earth Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Better Accountability Procedures Needed in NSF and NIH Research Grant Systems; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1981;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Selph, C.S. Origins of Music Programs in Liberal Arts Institutions: The Story of Three Florida Catholic Universities. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida: Tampa, FL, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. Prince Estate in Deal With Universal. New York Times 2017, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomolecules
ISSN (online)2218-273X

Other styles