How to format your references using the Biomolecules citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomolecules. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huber, M. Climate Change. A Hotter Greenhouse? Science 2008, 321, 353–354.
A journal article with 2 authors
Otsuka, K.; Karato, S.-I. Deep Penetration of Molten Iron into the Mantle Caused by a Morphological Instability. Nature 2012, 492, 243–246.
A journal article with 3 authors
Milward, G.C.; Calderón, M.J.; Littlewood, P.B. Electronically Soft Phases in Manganites. Nature 2005, 433, 607–610.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ingersoll, A.P.; Gierasch, P.J.; Banfield, D.; Vasavada, A.R. Moist Convection as an Energy Source for the Large-Scale Motions in Jupiter’s Atmosphere. Galileo Imaging Team. Nature 2000, 403, 630–632.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wright, D. Using Commercial Contracts; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2016; ISBN 9781119152521.
An edited book
Verifying Calculations - Forty Years On: An Overview of Classical Verification Techniques for FEM Simulations; Chamoin, L., Díez, P., Eds.; SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology; 1st ed. 2016.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; ISBN 9783319205526.
A chapter in an edited book
Bodo, E.; Migliorati, V. Theoretical Description of Ionic Liquids. In The Structure of Ionic Liquids; Caminiti, R., Gontrani, L., Eds.; Soft and Biological Matter; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; pp. 127–148 ISBN 9783319016979.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomolecules.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Fish Are Smarter Than You Think Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Effect of Personnel Reform on the Federal Aviation Administration’s Budget; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pahuja, S. Bandwidth Feedback Effects on Retained Movements in Young and Old Adults. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. For Mets, Gloom and Doom Instead of Sunshine and Smiles. New York Times 2010, SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomolecules
ISSN (online)2218-273X

Other styles