How to format your references using the Biomolecules citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomolecules. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon, J. The Gonzo Scientist. Flunking Spore. Science 2008, 322, 531.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rolff, J.; Siva-Jothy, M.T. Invertebrate ecological immunology. Science 2003, 301, 472–475.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fuchs, B.; Sornette, D.; Thurner, S. Fractal multi-level organisation of human groups in a virtual world. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6526.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, Y.; Maharana, S.; Wang, M.D.; Shivashankar, G.V. Super-resolution microscopy reveals decondensed chromatin structure at transcription sites. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4477.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Michael, E.; Gillian, H.; Stefan, K.; Alex, L. Gramsci; John Wiley & Sons Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2012; ISBN 9781118295588.
An edited book
Complexity in Chemistry, Biology, and Ecology; Bonchev, D., Rouvray, D.H., Eds.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2005; ISBN 9780387232645.
A chapter in an edited book
Hirz, M.; Dietrich, W.; Gfrerrer, A.; Lang, J. Knowledge-Based Design. In Integrated Computer-Aided Design in Automotive Development: Development Processes, Geometric Fundamentals, Methods of CAD, Knowledge-Based Engineering Data Management; Dietrich, W., Gfrerrer, A., Lang, J., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp. 309–330 ISBN 9783642119392.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomolecules.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Galapagos Birds Diversifying, but not Darwin’s Finches Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Telecommunications: Agencies Need Better Controls to Achieve Significant Savings on Mobile Devices and Services; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2015;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Xiao, E.A. Understanding Employment to Entrepreneurship Transitions among Women Working in the Tech Industry. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University: Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James, M. Five or Six Things I Didn’t Know About Brad Pitt. New York Times 2016, M2128.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomolecules
ISSN (online)2218-273X

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