How to format your references using the Biomolecules citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomolecules. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bodnar, R.J. Geology. Heavy Metals or Punk Rocks? Science 2009, 323, 724–725.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, J.-Y.; Huang, D.-Y. A Possible Lower Cambrian Chaetognath (Arrow Worm). Science 2002, 298, 187.
A journal article with 3 authors
Garrick-Bethell, I.; Nimmo, F.; Wieczorek, M.A. Structure and Formation of the Lunar Farside Highlands. Science 2010, 330, 949–951.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schutzius, T.M.; Graeber, G.; Elsharkawy, M.; Oreluk, J.; Megaridis, C.M. Morphing and Vectoring Impacting Droplets by Means of Wettability-Engineered Surfaces. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 7029.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schiek, B.; Rolfes, I.; Siweris, H.-J. Noise in High-Frequency Circuits and Oscillators; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2005; ISBN 9780470038949.
An edited book
King, A.J. Modeling with Stochastic Programming; Wallace, S.W., Ed.; Springer Series in Operations Research and Financial Engineering; Springer: New York, NY, 2012; ISBN 9780387878164.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, F.-J. Theoretical Foundation for Spirituality-Oriented Holistic Art Education: Integration of Eastern and Western Aesthetics. In Creative Arts in Education and Culture: Perspectives from Greater China; Leong, S., Leung, B.W., Eds.; Landscapes: the Arts, Aesthetics, and Education; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013; pp. 55–67 ISBN 9789400777286.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomolecules.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. How Technology Could Help Predict Terrorist Attacks Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Communications Networks: Outcome-Based Measures Would Assist DHS in Assessing Effectiveness of Cybersecurity Efforts; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2013;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stevenson, C.L. Availability and Seasonal Use of Diurnal Roosts by Rafinesque’s Big-Eared Bat and Southeastern Myotis in Bottomland Hardwoods of Mississippi. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University: Mississippi State, MS, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O. Friday File: Recalling Batman’s Star Turn at Shea Stadium in ’66. New York Times 2016, C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomolecules
ISSN (online)2218-273X

Other styles