How to format your references using the Mental Health and Substance Use citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mental Health and Substance Use. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roenneberg, T. (2013). Chronobiology: the human sleep project. Nature, 498(7455), 427–428.
A journal article with 2 authors
Salazar-Ciudad, I., & Marín-Riera, M. (2013). Adaptive dynamics under development-based genotype-phenotype maps. Nature, 497(7449), 361–364.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grund, T., Waloszek, C., & Helbing, D. (2013). How natural selection can create both self- and other-regarding preferences, and networked minds. Scientific Reports, 3, 1480.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Abe, H., Jitsuki, S., Nakajima, W., Murata, Y., Jitsuki-Takahashi, A., Katsuno, Y., Tada, H., Sano, A., Suyama, K., Mochizuki, N., Komori, T., Masuyama, H., Okuda, T., Goshima, Y., Higo, N., & Takahashi, T. (2018). CRMP2-binding compound, edonerpic maleate, accelerates motor function recovery from brain damage. Science (New York, N.Y.), 360(6384), 50–57.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stoop, I., Billiet, J., Koch, A., & Fitzgerald, R. (2010). Improving Survey Response. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Guarnieri, P. (Ed.). (2015). Decision Models in Engineering and Management. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Newhouse, S. E. (2011). Lectures on Dynamical Systems. In C. Marchioro (Ed.), Dynamical Systems (pp. 209–312). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mental Health and Substance Use.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 8). Sunscreen Or Camouflage? Why So Many Animals Have Dark Backs And Pale Bellies. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Intercity Passenger Rail: Outlook for Improving Amtrak’s Financial Health (T-RCED-98-134). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yaceczko, S. D. (2017). A Telehealth Nutrition Manual for an Online Intensive Behavioral Weight Management Program [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, W. (2013, December 10). Mayor Ousted In Colombia After Claims Of Bungling. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Roenneberg, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Roenneberg, 2013; Salazar-Ciudad & Marín-Riera, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Salazar-Ciudad & Marín-Riera, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Grund et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Abe et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleMental Health and Substance Use
AbbreviationMent. Health Subst. Use
ISSN (print)1752-3281
ISSN (online)1752-3273
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Phychiatric Mental Health

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