How to format your references using the Medicine in Microecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medicine in Microecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Godfray HCJ. Ecology. Food and biodiversity. Science 2011;333:1231–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Keefer DK, Larsen MC. Geology. Assessing landslide hazards. Science 2007;316:1136–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Joo W, Hippenmeyer S, Luo L. Neurodevelopment. Dendrite morphogenesis depends on relative levels of NT-3/TrkC signaling. Science 2014;346:626–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kers JA, Wach MJ, Krasnoff SB, Widom J, Cameron KD, Bukhalid RA, et al. Nitration of a peptide phytotoxin by bacterial nitric oxide synthase. Nature 2004;429:79–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Sewell G. The Numerical Solution of Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Hipel KW, Fang L, Cullmann J, Bristow M, editors. Conflict Resolution in Water Resources and Environmental Management. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Best E, Wimmel H. Structure Theory of Petri Nets. In: Jensen K, Aalst WMP van der, Balbo G, Koutny M, Wolf K, editors. Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency VII, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 162–224.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medicine in Microecology.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. World’s Oldest Water Discovered 3 Kilometers Underground. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/worlds-oldest-water-discovered-3-kilometers-underground/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. School Lunch Program: Buy American Procedures at Commodity Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Monteiro KR. An experimental study of corrective feedback on synchronous oral computer-mediated communication. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Williams J. Updating DNA’s Life Story. New York Times 2017:BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMedicine in Microecology
ISSN (print)2590-0978
Scope

Other styles