How to format your references using the Medicinal Chemistry Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medicinal Chemistry Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gaffan D (2005) Neuroscience. Widespread cortical networks underlie memory and attention. Science 309:2172–2173
A journal article with 2 authors
Li A, Yong X (2014) Entanglement guarantees emergence of cooperation in quantum prisoner’s dilemma games on networks. Sci Rep 4:6286
A journal article with 3 authors
Clutton-Brock TH, Coulson T, Milner JM (2004) Red deer stocks in the Highlands of Scotland. Nature 429:261–262
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Baptiste KE, Naylor JM, Bailey J, et al (2000) A function for guttural pouches in the horse. Nature 403:382–383

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McLeish B (2010) Successful Marketing Strategies for Nonprofit Organizations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Guillet F, Pinaud B, Venturini G, Zighed DA (eds) (2014) Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Management: Volume 4. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Bloss CS, Bakken TE, Joyner AH, Schork NJ (2009) Leveraging High-Dimensional Neuroimaging Data in Genetic Studies of Neuropsychiatric Disease. In: Ritsner MS (ed) The Handbook of Neuropsychiatric Biomarkers, Endophenotypes and Genes: Neuropsychological Endophenotypes and Biomarkers. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 87–102

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medicinal Chemistry Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) This Lamp Runs On Only Two Teaspoons Of Salt And A Glass Of Water. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Major Management Challenges and Program Risks: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coyle M (2017) Pre-Service School Counselor’s Perception of Professional Identity Development During Internship. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly J (1972) Betterton, Generously, Still Calls Itself a Resort; Betterton Still Calls Itself a Resort. New York Times TRAVEL AND RESORTSXX4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gaffan 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Gaffan 2005; Li and Yong 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Yong 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Baptiste et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleMedicinal Chemistry Research
AbbreviationMed. Chem. Res.
ISSN (print)1054-2523
ISSN (online)1554-8120
ScopeOrganic Chemistry
General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Other styles