How to format your references using the Medicinal Chemistry Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medicinal Chemistry Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2003) Best of both worlds. Nature 426:706–707
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen MS, Goodman DW (2004) The structure of catalytically active gold on titania. Science 306:252–255
A journal article with 3 authors
Di Toro G, Nielsen S, Pennacchioni G (2005) Earthquake rupture dynamics frozen in exhumed ancient faults. Nature 436:1009–1012
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Coskun AF, Cetin AE, Galarreta BC, et al (2014) Lensfree optofluidic plasmonic sensor for real-time and label-free monitoring of molecular binding events over a wide field-of-view. Sci Rep 4:6789

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Williams AE (2011) Immunology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Smyth HDC, Hickey AJ (eds) (2011) Controlled Pulmonary Drug Delivery, 1st edn. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Keteyian SJ, Schairer JR (2011) Exercise Training and Prescription. In: Lawless CE (ed) Sports Cardiology Essentials: Evaluation, Management and Case Studies. Springer, New York, NY, pp 63–84

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medicinal Chemistry Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) Non-Magnetic Metals Turned Magnetic In Groundbreaking Research. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) Telecommunication: Air Force Cost Estimates for Scope Exchange Telephone Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhong A (2017) Product Development Considerations for a Nutrient Rich Bar Using Cricket (Acheta domesticus) Protein. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B (2017) Missing Tournament, Indiana Fires Coach. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2003; Chen and Goodman 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Goodman 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Coskun et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMedicinal Chemistry Research
AbbreviationMed. Chem. Res.
ISSN (print)1054-2523
ISSN (online)1554-8120
ScopeOrganic Chemistry
General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Other styles