How to format your references using the Medicinal Chemistry Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medicinal Chemistry Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wade MJ (2012) Evolution. Constraints on sexual selection. Science 338:749–750
A journal article with 2 authors
Marti K, Kerridge J (2010) Planetary science. Nitrogen in the solar system. Science 328:1112–1113
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee H, Cheng Y-C, Fleming GR (2007) Coherence dynamics in photosynthesis: protein protection of excitonic coherence. Science 316:1462–1465
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sato C, Ueno Y, Asai K, et al (2001) The voltage-sensitive sodium channel is a bell-shaped molecule with several cavities. Nature 409:1047–1051

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bains G (2015) Cultural DNA. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Perneczky A (2008) Keyhole Approaches in Neurosurgery: Volume I Concept and surgical technique. Springer, Vienna
A chapter in an edited book
Arnoldi K (2010) The Monofixation Syndrome: New Considerations on Pathophysiology. In: Lorenz B, Brodsky MC (eds) Pediatric Ophthalmology, Neuro-Ophthalmology, Genetics: Strabismus - New Concepts in Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 33–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medicinal Chemistry Research.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) For $8,000, This Startup Will Fill Your Veins With The Blood Of Young People — But It Has No Idea If It’ll Have Any Benefits. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) School District Claim to Department of Air Force. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenkins DS (2010) Comprehensive support for children of incarcerated parents and their families. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee L (2008) The Best Decorated Tent You’ll Ever See. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wade 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Marti and Kerridge 2010; Wade 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marti and Kerridge 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Sato et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleMedicinal Chemistry Research
AbbreviationMed. Chem. Res.
ISSN (print)1054-2523
ISSN (online)1554-8120
ScopeOrganic Chemistry
General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Other styles