How to format your references using the Aging Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aging Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilson RK. Retrospective. Elinor Ostrom (1933-2012). Science. 337(6095), 661 (2012).
A journal article with 2 authors
Ehrenfreund P, Foing B. Astrochemistry: Fullerene solves an interstellar puzzle. Nature. 523(7560), 296–297 (2015).
A journal article with 3 authors
Micklos D, Lauter S, Nisselle A. Essays on science and society. Lessons from a science education portal. Science. 334(6063), 1657–1658 (2011).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hill PWS, Leitch HG, Requena CE, et al. Epigenetic reprogramming enables the transition from primordial germ cell to gonocyte. Nature. 555(7696), 392–396 (2018).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mowlaee P, Kulmer J, Stahl J, Mayer F. Single Channel Phase-Aware Signal Processing in Speech Communication: Theory and Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ratha C. SBAs and EMQs for MRCOG II: Addressing the New Exam Format. 1st ed. 2016. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Barney HT, Aurum A, Low GC, Wang K. Investigating Post-outsourcing Decisions: Using the Intellectual Capital View. In: Building Sustainable Information Systems: Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Information Systems Development. Linger H, Fisher J, Barnden A, Barry C, Lang M, Schneider C (Eds.), Springer US, Boston, MA, 63–75 (2013).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aging Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. Some Spectacular SEM Images Of The Microscopic World [Internet]. IFLScience (2014). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Quality Management: Scoping Study. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kranz TE. Body, Land, and Memory: Counter-Narratives in the Poetry of Minnie Bruce Pratt, Brenda Marie Osbey, and Natasha Trethewey. (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Supervisor for the Short Term in Brookhaven. New York Times, LI2 (2009).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAging Health
AbbreviationAging health
ISSN (print)1745-509X
ISSN (online)1745-5103
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Geriatrics and Gerontology

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