How to format your references using the Aging Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aging Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roy K. Evolution. Dynamics of body size evolution. Science. 321(5895), 1451–1452 (2008).
A journal article with 2 authors
Vinnikov KY, Grody NC. Global warming trend of mean tropospheric temperature observed by satellites. Science. 302(5643), 269–272 (2003).
A journal article with 3 authors
Almeda R, Connelly TL, Buskey EJ. Novel insight into the role of heterotrophic dinoflagellates in the fate of crude oil in the sea. Sci. Rep. 4, 7560 (2014).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Modi A, Koratkar N, Lass E, Wei B, Ajayan PM. Miniaturized gas ionization sensors using carbon nanotubes. Nature. 424(6945), 171–174 (2003).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pakurar AS, Bigbee JW. Digital Histology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Awange JL. Algebraic Geodesy and Geoinformatics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Christen P, Vatsalan D, Fu Z. Advanced Record Linkage Methods and Privacy Aspects for Population Reconstruction—A Survey and Case Studies. In: Population Reconstruction. Bloothooft G, Christen P, Mandemakers K, Schraagen M (Eds.), Springer International Publishing, Cham, 87–110 (2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aging Health.

Blog post
Taub B. World’s Rarest Great Ape Threatened By Nigerian Highway [Internet]. IFLScience (2016). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Biotechnology Regulation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dusso AP. The psychology of institutional development: How parties’ willingness to accept risk affects the districts they draw and the seats they win. (2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Evolving Russia Finds a Recorder Of Its Moment. New York Times, AR26 (2012).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAging Health
AbbreviationAging health
ISSN (print)1745-509X
ISSN (online)1745-5103
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Geriatrics and Gerontology

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