How to format your references using the Aging Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aging Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Baulcombe D. RNA silencing in plants. Nature. 431(7006), 356–363 (2004).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sheth U, Parker R. Decapping and decay of messenger RNA occur in cytoplasmic processing bodies. Science. 300(5620), 805–808 (2003).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hatano T, Stopa M, Tarucha S. Single-electron delocalization in hybrid vertical-lateral double quantum dots. Science. 309(5732), 268–271 (2005).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Krishnakumar R, Gamble MJ, Frizzell KM, Berrocal JG, Kininis M, Kraus WL. Reciprocal binding of PARP-1 and histone H1 at promoters specifies transcriptional outcomes. Science. 319(5864), 819–821 (2008).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Dewulf G, Blanken A, Bult-Spiering M. Strategic Issues in Public-Private Partnerships. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
1.
Al-Khayri JM, Jain SM, Johnson DV, editors. Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies: Agronomic, Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits. 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Zhou J-R, Erdman JW. Soy Consumption and Cancer Prevention. In: Preventive Nutrition: The Comprehensive Guide for Health Professionals. Bendich A, Deckelbaum RJ (Eds.), Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 123–155 (2005).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aging Health.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Why Does Coffee Make You Poop? [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/why-does-coffee-make-you-poop/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. DOD Voluntary Education: Determining and Meeting Postsecondary Education Needs in Europe. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Jobanputra MC. Investigation of Organic Thin Films for Application in Electro-optic Devices. (2002).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Nir SM. Pocket Dial to Reporter Gets Courts’ Spokesman Fired. New York Times, A20 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAging Health
AbbreviationAging health
ISSN (print)1745-509X
ISSN (online)1745-5103
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Geriatrics and Gerontology

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