How to format your references using the Aging Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aging Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nestler EJ. Epigenetics: Stress makes its molecular mark. Nature. 490(7419), 171–172 (2012).
A journal article with 2 authors
Winkowski DE, Knudsen EI. Top-down gain control of the auditory space map by gaze control circuitry in the barn owl. Nature. 439(7074), 336–339 (2006).
A journal article with 3 authors
Hunt GR, Corballis MC, Gray RD. Animal behaviour: Laterality in tool manufacture by crows. Nature. 414(6865), 707 (2001).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gomes KK, Pasupathy AN, Pushp A, Ono S, Ando Y, Yazdani A. Visualizing pair formation on the atomic scale in the high-Tc superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta. Nature. 447(7144), 569–572 (2007).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
da Silva FSC, Agustí-Cullell J. Knowledge Coordination. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Härdle W. Multivariate Statistics: Exercises and Solutions. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Jones JM, Lea-Langton AR, Ma L, Pourkashanian M, Williams A. Emissions from Different Types of Combustors and Their Control. In: Pollutants Generated by the Combustion of Solid Biomass Fuels. Lea-Langton AR, Ma L, Pourkashanian M, Williams A (Eds.), Springer, London, 63–70 (2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aging Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. Our Fossil Find Suggests Humans Spread To Asia Way Before They Got To Europe [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Surface Transportation: A Comprehensive Plan Could Facilitate Implementation of a National Performance Management Approach. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson C. Directed blogging with community college ESL students: Its effects on awareness of language acquisition processes. (2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly J. The Patriarch. New York Times, BR12 (2015).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAging Health
AbbreviationAging health
ISSN (print)1745-509X
ISSN (online)1745-5103
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Geriatrics and Gerontology

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