How to format your references using the Aging Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aging Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nowak MA. John Forbes Nash (1928-2015). Nature. 522(7557), 420 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
Hardie RC, Franze K. Photomechanical responses in Drosophila photoreceptors. Science. 338(6104), 260–263 (2012).
A journal article with 3 authors
Ren A, Rajashankar KR, Patel DJ. Fluoride ion encapsulation by Mg2+ ions and phosphates in a fluoride riboswitch. Nature. 486(7401), 85–89 (2012).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu X, Xiang W, Jiao X, et al. Effects of plant virus and its insect vector on Encarsia formosa, a biocontrol agent of whiteflies. Sci. Rep. 4, 5926 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yu J. Way of the Trade. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Yan W. 9-12Cr Heat-Resistant Steels. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ubelaker DH, Montaperto KM. Biomechanical and Remodeling Factors in the Interpretation of Fractures in Juveniles. In: The Juvenile Skeleton in Forensic Abuse Investigations. Ross AH, Abel SM (Eds.), Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 33–48 (2011).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aging Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. MAVEN Returns First Light Data From Mars [Internet]. IFLScience (2014). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tax System Modernization: IRS’ Challenge for the 21st Century. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nasiriamini S. The need for adaptive network application architectures. (2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M. With a Little Help From His Friends. New York Times, C5 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAging Health
AbbreviationAging health
ISSN (print)1745-509X
ISSN (online)1745-5103
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Geriatrics and Gerontology

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