# How to format your references using the Medical Acupuncture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Acupuncture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

## Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

## Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Adler M. Structural biology. How a neurotoxin survives. Science. 2012 Feb 24;335(6071):928–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Zimbelman JR, Scheidt SP. Hesperian age for western Medusae Fossae Formation, Mars. Science. 2012 Jun 29;336(6089):1683.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kender S, Yu J, Peck VL. Deep ocean carbonate ion increase during mid Miocene CO2 decline. Sci Rep. 2014 Feb 26;4:4187.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Mauroy B, Filoche M, Weibel ER, Sapoval B. An optimal bronchial tree may be dangerous. Nature. 2004 Feb 12;427(6975):633–6.

## Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rehder D. Chemistry in Space. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Tālivaldis Ozoliņš J, editor. Religion and Culture in Dialogue: East and West Perspectives. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XXI, 225 p. (Sophia Studies in Cross-cultural Philosophy of Traditions and Cultures; vol. 15).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Asano T, Kirkpatrick D, Nakagawa K, Watanabe O. $\widetilde{O}(\sqrt{n})$ -Space and Polynomial-Time Algorithm for Planar Directed Graph Reachability. In: Csuhaj-Varjú E, Dietzfelbinger M, Ésik Z, editors. Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science 2014: 39th International Symposium, MFCS 2014, Budapest, Hungary, August 25-29, 2014 Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 45–56. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

## Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Acupuncture.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Stinky, Parasitic Cuckoos Protect Host Chicks [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/stinky-parasitic-cuckoos-protect-host-chicks/

## Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Emergency Management: Most School Districts Have Developed Emergency Management Plans, but Would Benefit from Additional Federal Guidance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Jun. Report No.: GAO-07-609.

## Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Vincent C. Viewing Dissociative Identity Disorder through a Jungian lens [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2010.

## News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hodara S. The (Forever) New Romantics. New York Times. 2016 Apr 17;CT9.

## In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.