How to format your references using the Medical Acupuncture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Acupuncture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buckingham S. Buying into the knowledge game. Nature. 2004 Apr 15;428(6984):775.
A journal article with 2 authors
Swinnen J, Squicciarini P. Global food supply. Mixed messages on prices and food security. Science. 2012 Jan 27;335(6067):405–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hannon JB, Shenoy VB, Schwarz KW. Anomalous spiral motion of steps near dislocations on silicon surfaces. Science. 2006 Sep 1;313(5791):1266–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ge G-X, Sun H-B, Sun H-B, Han Y, Song F-Q, Zhao J-J, et al. Reversible switching of magnetic states by electric fields in nitrogenized-divacancies graphene decorated by tungsten atoms. Sci Rep. 2014 Dec 19;4:7575.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voldman SH. ESD. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Acocella N, Leoni R, editors. Social Pacts, Employment and Growth: A Reappraisal of Ezio Tarantelli’s Thought. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; 2007. XI, 291 p. (AIEL Series in Labour Economics).
A chapter in an edited book
Eastwood M, Xu F. Twistor Theory and the Harmonic Hull. In: Huckleberry A, Penkov I, Zuckerman G, editors. Lie Groups: Structure, Actions, and Representations: In Honor of Joseph A Wolf on the Occasion of his 75th Birthday. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 59–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Acupuncture.

Blog post
Evans K. The World’s Healthiest Hearts Belong To The Tsimane People Of Bolivia. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Examination of Disbursing Officer’s Account, U.S. Army Aviation Center and School, Ft. Rucker, Alabama. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Apr. Report No.: 102186.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brightbill RG. Bradenton, FL: A Patchwork City [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Risky Moves in the Game of Life Insurance. New York Times. 2015 Apr 12;BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Acupuncture
AbbreviationMed. Acupunct.
ISSN (print)1933-6586
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

Other styles