How to format your references using the Medical Acupuncture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Acupuncture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brenner MP. Fluid mechanics. Jets from a singular surface. Nature. 2000 Jan 27;403(6768):377–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ketov SV, Louzguine-Luzgin DV. Localized shear deformation and softening of bulk metallic glass: stress or temperature driven? Sci Rep. 2013 Oct 8;3:2798.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bietenholz MF, Bartel N, Rupen MP. Discovery of a compact radio component in the center of supernova 1986J. Science. 2004 Jun 25;304(5679):1947–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
How GTS, Pandikumar A, Ming HN, Ngee LH. Highly exposed {001} facets of titanium dioxide modified with reduced graphene oxide for dopamine sensing. Sci Rep. 2014 May 23;4:5044.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baldwin D, Birkett J, Facey O, Rabey G. The Forensic Examination and Interpretation of Tool Marks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Borrione D, Paul W, editors. Correct Hardware Design and Verification Methods: 13th IFIP WG 10.5 Advanced Research Working Conference, CHARME 2005, Saarbrücken, Germany, October 3-6, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. XII, 414 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 3725).
A chapter in an edited book
Iwata H, Shimada K. Sensory Properties of Cosmetics. In: Shimada K, editor. Formulas, Ingredients and Production of Cosmetics: Technology of Skin- and Hair-Care Products in Japan. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2013. p. 103–10.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Acupuncture.

Blog post
Fang J. Spider Masquerades As Bird Poo [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FAA Air Traffic Controller Staffing and Related Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 Jul. Report No.: T-RCED-87-42.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gillaspy KM. Words of Samsara [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steel E, Schmidt MS. O’Reilly Settled Claim, Then Got a New Fox Deal. New York Times. 2017 Oct 21;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Acupuncture
AbbreviationMed. Acupunct.
ISSN (print)1933-6586
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

Other styles