How to format your references using the Medical Acupuncture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Acupuncture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bayry J. Journal club. An immunologist applauds a protein that prunes intolerant white blood cells. Nature. 2008 Nov 20;456(7220):285.
A journal article with 2 authors
Owen-Hughes T, Bruno M. Molecular biology. Breaking the silence. Science. 2004 Jan 16;303(5656):324–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun B, Munroe P, Wang G. Ruthenium nanocrystals as cathode catalysts for lithium-oxygen batteries with a superior performance. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2247.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Persson A, Gross E, Laurent P, Busch KE, Bretes H, de Bono M. Natural variation in a neural globin tunes oxygen sensing in wild Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature. 2009 Apr 23;458(7241):1030–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith MB. Compendium of Organic Synthetic Methods: Smith/Compendium. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014. (Compendium of Organic Synthetic Methods).
An edited book
Prokop A, Iwasaki Y, Harada A, editors. Intracellular Delivery II: Fundamentals and Applications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. XIX, 479 p. 168 illus., 110 illus. in color. (Fundamental Biomedical Technologies; vol. 7).
A chapter in an edited book
Seregni E, Coli A, Mazzuca N. Circulating Tumour Markers in Breast Cancer. In: Bombardieri E, Gianni L, Bonadonna G, editors. Breast Cancer: Nuclear Medicine in Diagnosis and Therapeutic Options. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 33–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Acupuncture.

Blog post
Carpineti A. James Webb Space Telescope’s Golden Mirror Unveiled For The First Time. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Excess and Surplus Personal Property Transfer Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Jun. Report No.: T-GGD-90-49.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Llamas AL. ALLTAP Solutions, LLC: A Business Plan [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Campaign Memo; Democrat’s Road Tour: Selling the Ticket Retail. New York Times. 1992 Aug 7;A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Acupuncture
AbbreviationMed. Acupunct.
ISSN (print)1933-6586
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

Other styles