How to format your references using the Mechanics Research Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mechanics Research Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S.M. Assmann, G proteins Go green: a plant G protein signaling FAQ sheet, Science. 310 (2005) 71–73.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. Shapiro, R. Losick, Retrospective. Francois Jacob (1920-2013), Science. 340 (2013) 939.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.-W. Wang, S.-M. Ka, A. Chen, Robust image registration of biological microscopic images, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6050.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Halic, M. Blau, T. Becker, T. Mielke, M.R. Pool, K. Wild, I. Sinning, R. Beckmann, Following the signal sequence from ribosomal tunnel exit to signal recognition particle, Nature. 444 (2006) 507–511.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Family Firm Institute, Inc., Family Enterprise, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
S.S. Yadav, D.L. McNeil, P.C. Stevenson, eds., Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Zhang, H. Wang, Antisense Technology, in: D.T. Curiel, J.T. Douglas (Eds.), Cancer Gene Therapy, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2005: pp. 35–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mechanics Research Communications.

Blog post
D. Andrew, How Much Radiation Damage Do Astronauts Really Suffer In Space?, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Telecommunications: Enhanced Data Collection Could Help FCC Better Monitor Competition in the Wireless Industry, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.H. Piper, A Study of the Effectiveness of Alternative Schools through an Examination of Graduation Rates, School Climate, Student Motivation, and Academic Rigor, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Gardiner, Sing, Memory, New York Times. (2016) BR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMechanics Research Communications
AbbreviationMech. Res. Commun.
ISSN (print)0093-6413
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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