How to format your references using the Mechanics Research Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mechanics Research Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K.A. Kelly, Atmospheric science. Wind data: a promise in peril, Science. 303 (2004) 962–963.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Sagarin, F. Micheli, Climate change in nontraditional data sets, Science. 294 (2001) 811.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.M. Thomas, R.M. Nadeau, R. Bürgmann, Tremor-tide correlations and near-lithostatic pore pressure on the deep San Andreas fault, Nature. 462 (2009) 1048–1051.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.J. Wang, M.L. Sui, Y.T. Chen, Q.H. Lu, E. Ma, X.Y. Pei, Q.Z. Li, H.B. Hu, Microstructural fingerprints of phase transitions in shock-loaded iron, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1086.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Vander Vorst, A. Rosen, Y. Kotsuka, RF/Microwave Interaction with Biological Tissues, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
J. Stanturf, P. Madsen, D. Lamb, eds., A Goal-Oriented Approach to Forest Landscape Restoration, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Athanasiadou, J.G.M. Houdijk, Nutrition and Immunity in Animal Disease: Lessons from Parasitic Gastroenteritis, in: R.R. Watson, S. Zibadi, V.R. Preedy (Eds.), Dietary Components and Immune Function, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2010: pp. 63–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mechanics Research Communications.

Blog post
E. Andrew, #Distractinglysexy: Sir Tim Hunt’s Gift To Feminism In Science, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, The Energy Information Administration Needs To Strengthen Its Computer Systems Development Procedures, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Mills Campbell, Exploratory Inquiry: Fundraising at Historically Black Colleges and Universities to Reduce Resource Dependence, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kishkovsky, Pregnant Inmate’s Plight Inspires Plea to Medvedev, New York Times. (2008) A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMechanics Research Communications
AbbreviationMech. Res. Commun.
ISSN (print)0093-6413
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles