How to format your references using the Measurement citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Measurement. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.S. Mann, Neuroscience. The Michael Jackson fly, Science. 344 (2014) 48–49.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Hartung, C. Rovida, Chemical regulators have overreached, Nature. 460 (2009) 1080–1081.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Lowman, C. D’Avanzo, C. Brewer, Ecology. A national ecological network for research and education, Science. 323 (2009) 1172–1173.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Dong, A.E. Juedes, U.A. Temann, S. Shresta, J.P. Allison, N.H. Ruddle, R.A. Flavell, ICOS co-stimulatory receptor is essential for T-cell activation and function, Nature. 409 (2001) 97–101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Lesca, N. Lesca, Strategic Decisions and Weak Signals, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
A.R. Londral, P. Encarnação, J.L.P. Rovira, eds., Neurotechnology, Electronics, and Informatics: Revised Selected Papers from Neurotechnix 2013, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Holzinger, S. Dorner, M. Födinger, A.C. Valdez, M. Ziefle, Chances of Increasing Youth Health Awareness through Mobile Wellness Applications, in: G. Leitner, M. Hitz, A. Holzinger (Eds.), HCI in Work and Learning, Life and Leisure: 6th Symposium of the Workgroup Human-Computer Interaction and Usability Engineering, USAB 2010, Klagenfurt, Austria, November 4-5, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 71–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Measurement.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Spooky Action at a Distance” Confirmed by New Quantum Experiment, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Telecommunications: Strong Support for Extending FCC’s Auction Authority Exists, but Little Agreement on Other Options to Improve Efficient Use of Spectrum, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Ivy, The Psychological Effect of Parental Incarceration on School-Age Children, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Barron, MetroCard Replacement Will Be Safe, Officials Say, New York Times. (2017) A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMeasurement
AbbreviationMeasurement (Lond.)
ISSN (print)0263-2241
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Condensed Matter Physics

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