How to format your references using the Measurement citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Measurement. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Baker, RNA interference: Homing in on delivery, Nature. 464 (2010) 1225–1228.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.R. Showalter, D.P. Hamilton, Resonant interactions and chaotic rotation of Pluto’s small moons, Nature. 522 (2015) 45–49.
A journal article with 3 authors
B.M. Uz, J.A. Yoder, V. Osychny, Pumping of nutrients to ocean surface waters by the action of propagating planetary waves, Nature. 409 (2001) 597–600.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. van Riel, V.J. Munster, E. de Wit, G.F. Rimmelzwaan, R.A.M. Fouchier, A.D.M.E. Osterhaus, T. Kuiken, H5N1 Virus Attachment to Lower Respiratory Tract, Science. 312 (2006) 399.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Nahar, S.D. Sarker, Steroid Dimers, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
H.O. Otieno, Energy Resources in East Africa: Opportunities and Challenges, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
H.P. Attarian, N.S. Undevia, Epileptiform Abnormalities, in: N.S. Undevia (Ed.), Atlas of Electroencephalography in Sleep Medicine, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2012: pp. 47–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Measurement.

Blog post
E. Andrew, American Ebola Patients Have Been Released From Atlanta Hospital, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Transportation Security Information Sharing: Stakeholders Generally Satisfied but TSA Could Improve Analysis, Awareness, and Accountability, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L. Choubey, Quantitative Assessment of Fgfr1 Expression in Neurons and Glia of the Developing Mouse Brain, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.M. Chapman, M. Maynard, Thousands Line Up at Ballpark For Farewell to Voice of Tigers, New York Times. (2010) B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMeasurement
AbbreviationMeasurement (Lond.)
ISSN (print)0263-2241
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Condensed Matter Physics

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