How to format your references using the Measurement citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Measurement. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Cook, Beyond the notes, Nature. 453 (2008) 1186–1187.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Wenseleers, F.L.W. Ratnieks, Enforced altruism in insect societies, Nature. 444 (2006) 50.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.-W. Wang, S.-M. Ka, A. Chen, Robust image registration of biological microscopic images, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6050.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G.A. Brennecka, S. Weyer, M. Wadhwa, P.E. Janney, J. Zipfel, A.D. Anbar, 238U/235U variations in meteorites: extant 247Cm and implications for Pb-Pb dating, Science. 327 (2010) 449–451.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Chandler, The Science of ADHD, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
I. Scharrer, W. Schramm, eds., 37th Hemophilia Symposium, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Nikookar, R. Prasad, UWB Interference, in: R. Prasad (Ed.), Introduction to Ultra Wideband for Wireless Communications, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2009: pp. 67–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Measurement.

Blog post
R. Andrews, 815-Million-Year-Old “Time Capsule” Reveals Atmosphere Breathed By Earth’s Very First Animals, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Development of Nontactical Secure Voice Systems, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. Ho, The influence of physical activity and unsafe neighborhoods on the development of gestational diabetes among women in California, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Otis, Bypassing Stigma to Take Care of Herself and a Daughter Like Her, New York Times. (2016) A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMeasurement
AbbreviationMeasurement (Lond.)
ISSN (print)0263-2241
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Condensed Matter Physics

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