How to format your references using the Mayo Clinic Proceedings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mayo Clinic Proceedings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Yildiz A. GE Prize winner. How molecular motors move. Science. 2006;311(5762):792-793.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Balskus EP, Walsh CT. The genetic and molecular basis for sunscreen biosynthesis in cyanobacteria. Science. 2010;329(5999):1653-1656.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pack CC, Berezovskii VK, Born RT. Dynamic properties of neurons in cortical area MT in alert and anaesthetized macaque monkeys. Nature. 2001;414(6866):905-908.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Barber DL, Wherry EJ, Masopust D, et al. Restoring function in exhausted CD8 T cells during chronic viral infection. Nature. 2006;439(7077):682-687.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Walke B, Seidenberg R, Althoff MP. UMTS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Huss SA, ed. Advances in Design and Specification Languages for Embedded Systems: Selected Contributions from FDL’06. Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Burnie JP, Matthews RC. HSP90: The Unsung Villain of Sepsis? In: Vincent J-L, ed. Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine. Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine. Springer; 2006:35-44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. NASA Astronaut Takes Extraordinary Photographs Of The Great Pyramids. IFLScience. Published June 15, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/space/incredible-images-great-pyramids-and-more-taken-nasa-astronaut-his-last-day-space/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Engineering Research Centers: NSF Program Management and Industry Sponsorship. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Beck AJ. Determining Bed Failure Depth in Unconsolidated Submarine Sediments Using Particles in Cell Numerical Modeling. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Given a Good Lead, Clinton Is No Longer Talking Tough. New York Times. September 18, 1992:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMayo Clinic Proceedings
AbbreviationMayo Clin. Proc.
ISSN (print)0025-6196
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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