How to format your references using the Mayo Clinic Proceedings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mayo Clinic Proceedings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Takahashi T. Ocean science. The fate of industrial carbon dioxide. Science. 2004;305(5682):352-353.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Pearson PN, Palmer MR. Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations over the past 60 million years. Nature. 2000;406(6797):695-699.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Merritt JM, Bondybey VE, Heaven MC. Beryllium dimer--caught in the act of bonding. Science. 2009;324(5934):1548-1551.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Abe M, Kobayashi Y, Yamamoto S, et al. FD, a bZIP protein mediating signals from the floral pathway integrator FT at the shoot apex. Science. 2005;309(5737):1052-1056.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Polushkin V. Nuclear Electronics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Erdmann V, Barciszewski J, Brosius J, eds. RNA Towards Medicine. Vol 173. Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Goldspink C. Social Norms from the Perspective of Embodied Cognition. In: Xenitidou M, Edmonds B, eds. The Complexity of Social Norms. Springer International Publishing; 2014:55-79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Termite Mounds Can Prevent Spread Of Deserts In Vulnerable Ecosystems. IFLScience. Published February 6, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/termite-mounds-can-prevent-spread-deserts-vulnerable-ecosystems/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Standard Definitions: Missing and Needed Software Tools. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Emmerling-Baker D. A Qualitative Interpretive Phenomenological Study of K5 Teacher Perceptions of Classroom Empathy Instruction. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Etheredge P by G. Nighttime Windows. New York Times. October 7, 2016:RE12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMayo Clinic Proceedings
AbbreviationMayo Clin. Proc.
ISSN (print)0025-6196
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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