How to format your references using the Mathematics of Control, Signals, and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematics of Control, Signals, and Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Winklhofer M (2012) Physiology. An avian magnetometer. Science 336:991–992
A journal article with 2 authors
Boguski MS, McIntosh MW (2003) Biomedical informatics for proteomics. Nature 422:233–237
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye Q, Krug RM, Tao YJ (2006) The mechanism by which influenza A virus nucleoprotein forms oligomers and binds RNA. Nature 444:1078–1082
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Masgrau L, Roujeinikova A, Johannissen LO, et al (2006) Atomic description of an enzyme reaction dominated by proton tunneling. Science 312:237–241

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meschede D (2017) Optics, Light, and Lasers. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Gonçalves B, Perra N (2015) Social Phenomena: From Data Analysis to Models. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Calderwood SK, Murshid A, Zhu B, Mambula SS (2010) Role of Host Molecular Chaperones in Responses to Bacterial Infection and Endotoxin Exposure. In: Pockley AG, Calderwood SK, Santoro MG (eds) Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Heat Shock Proteins in Infectious Disease. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 107–120

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematics of Control, Signals, and Systems.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) Killing ‘Zombie’ Cells To Improve Health In Old Age. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Transportation Security Information Sharing: Stakeholder Satisfaction Varies; TSA Could Take Additional Actions to Strengthen Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peters B (2010) From Cybernetics to Cyber Networks: Norbert Wiener, the Soviet Internet, and the Cold War Dawn of Information Universalism. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR (2016) Fond Paean Kicks Off a High-Profile Run. New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematics of Control, Signals, and Systems
AbbreviationMath. Control Signals Systems
ISSN (print)0932-4194
ISSN (online)1435-568X
ScopeSignal Processing
Control and Systems Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Control and Optimization

Other styles