How to format your references using the Mathematics of Control, Signals, and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematics of Control, Signals, and Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kärre K (2002) Immunology. A perfect mismatch. Science 295:2029–2031
A journal article with 2 authors
Daily GC, Walker BH (2000) Seeking the great transition. Nature 403:243–245
A journal article with 3 authors
Schall P, Weitz DA, Spaepen F (2007) Structural rearrangements that govern flow in colloidal glasses. Science 318:1895–1899
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Fogassi L, Ferrari PF, Gesierich B, et al (2005) Parietal lobe: from action organization to intention understanding. Science 308:662–667

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnes P (2008) The JCT 05 Standard Building Sub-Contract. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Rajesh A, Sinha R (2015) Crohn’s Disease: Current Concepts. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Zneika M, Lucchese C, Vodislav D, Kotzinos D (2016) RDF Graph Summarization Based on Approximate Patterns. In: Grant E, Kotzinos D, Laurent D, et al (eds) Information Search, Integration, and Personalization: 10th International Workshop, ISIP 2015, Grand Forks, ND, USA, October 1-2, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 69–87

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematics of Control, Signals, and Systems.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Mysterious Luminous Blob Is A Giant Galaxy Waiting To Form. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Title I Formula in S. 1513. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buquiran ES (2014) Factors affecting members’ retention in Toastmasters International. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chang S (2006) High School Student Charged In Death of Newborn Daughter. New York Times B4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematics of Control, Signals, and Systems
AbbreviationMath. Control Signals Systems
ISSN (print)0932-4194
ISSN (online)1435-568X
ScopeSignal Processing
Control and Systems Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Control and Optimization

Other styles