How to format your references using the Mathematics of Control, Signals, and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematics of Control, Signals, and Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adam D (2001) Reef gets off the starting blocks. Nature 410:1012
A journal article with 2 authors
Orphanides G, Reinberg D (2000) RNA polymerase II elongation through chromatin. Nature 407:471–475
A journal article with 3 authors
Li J, Zhu L, Gummerum M (2014) The relationship between moral judgment and cooperation in children with high-functioning autism. Sci Rep 4:4314
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Nilsson C, Reidy CA, Dynesius M, Revenga C (2005) Fragmentation and flow regulation of the world’s large river systems. Science 308:405–408

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kyan M, Muneesawang P, Jarrah K, Guan L (2014) Unsupervised Learning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Nguyen NT, Kowalczyk R, Fred A, Joaquim F (2014) Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence XVII. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Heimbach T, Fleisher D, Kaddoumi A (2007) Overcoming Poor Aqueous Solubility of Drugs for Oral Delivery. In: Stella VJ, Borchardt RT, Hageman MJ, et al (eds) Prodrugs: Challenges and Rewards Part 1. Springer, New York, NY, pp 157–215

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematics of Control, Signals, and Systems.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2015) Scientists Produce The Most Detailed Simulation Of The Universe Yet. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) D.C. Public School Enrollment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manalo JB (2017) Ascend Physical Therapy: A Private Practice Clinic for the Next Level. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Shpigel B (2016) On Field or Film, Nothing Gets by Him. New York Times B8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematics of Control, Signals, and Systems
AbbreviationMath. Control Signals Systems
ISSN (print)0932-4194
ISSN (online)1435-568X
ScopeSignal Processing
Control and Systems Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Control and Optimization

Other styles